Form of Government: Republic
Area: 23 200 sq km
Population: 988 002 inhab. (estimate 2020)
Density: 42.59 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 13° - 11° N; long. 42° - 43° E
Capital: Djibouti (capital) 561 564 inhab. (2018);
Currency: Djibouti franc (100 centimes, no longer used)
Human development index: 0.524 (rank: 166)
President: Ismail Omar Guelleh (RPP), elected 9 April 1999, last reconfirmed 9 April 2021
Prime Minister: Abdoulkader Kamil Mohamed (RPP), since 1 April 2013
Internet: www.instad.dj (Institut National de la Statistique)
Member of Arab League, AU, COMESA, OIC, UN, WTO

Djibouti

Djibouti, Jībūtī, République de Djibouti, Jumhūrīyah Jībūtī
Useful information

International license plate code DJI
International dialling code 00253
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required only if traveling from a country with risk of transmission); malaria prophylaxis (recommended)
Electricity (Voltage) 220
Driving side rigth
Internet code .dj

GMT  +3
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Jibuti 30
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Jibuti 25.5/36.5
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Jibuti 10/9
Annual average precipitation (mm) Jibuti 165
Days of rainfall (annual average) Jibuti 18

Geography.
Situated on the Bab el Mandeb strait at the southernmost end of the Red Sea, Djibouti is bordered by Eritrea to the north, Somalia to the south-east and Ethiopia to the south and west. It looks out to the Gulf of Aden to the east. The climate is hot and dry.

Government


A former French colony which went by the name French Somaliland (Côte française des Somalis) in 1967 it became the French Territory of the Afars and Isaas, before gaining independence on 27 June 1977 and being renamed Djibouti. In 1981, the People’s Rally for Progress (RPP), a political party of mainly Issa ethnicity, turned the country into a one-party state. The 1992 Constitution established a multi-party, semi-presidential system, but ethnic tensions led to a civil war which only ended in 2001. The President of the Republic is elected by direct suffrage for five years, as well as the 65 members of the National Assembly.
France maintains a naval base and a garrison in Djibouti. The country also hosts US, Japanese, Chinese and Italian military bases.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Air force2.4%2015
Army76.6%2015
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides6.5per 100 000 pop.2015
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Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Djibouti561 564inhab.2018
Ali Sabieh22 630inhab.2009
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2020)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE

The Issa, a Somali clan, have their homeland in the south and in the capital; the Afar, of Danakil-Ethiopian origin, are found in the north.

Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate20.9982019
Death rate6.9792019
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Issa46$%2000
Afar35$%2000


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Muslim (Sunni)94$%2017
Christian5$%2017


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Arabic (official)
French (official)
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years29.6%2020
15-29 years30.9%2020


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Economy


Apart from fishing and farming, the most important activities stem from the free port and the foreign military bases.
Djibouti is linked to Addis Ababa by a long-serving rail-way line, now replaced by a modern line built in 2016 by Chinese companies.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)133.07index2016
Agricultural prod. index (2014-16=100)126.33index2019
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population412 802units2020
Active population, Females39.8%2020
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate11.6%2020
Unemployment rate, Females40.2%2019
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses133 968M LCU2019
Revenues128 931M LCU2019
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture33.1%2019
industry13.1%2019
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture1.368%2019
industry11.767%2019
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation49.939BN LCU2020
International reserves686.339M US$2020
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land0.086%2018
forests0.243%2018
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total0.0211000 t2019
maize0.0211000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.0081000 t2019
carrots and turnips0.0141000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry2.2111000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pepper0.31000 t2005
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane0.0531000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total4.8531000 t2019
pears0.0031000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits2.7121000 t2019
lemons2.7051000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
dates0.1181000 t2019
mangoes0.6281000 t2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize0.011000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry6.9131000 ha2019
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber404 6212019
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle300.3281000 heads2019
cattle and buffaloes300.3281000 heads2019
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep469.3291000 heads2019
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats514.9411000 heads2019
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses8.3721000 heads2019
asses and mules8.3721000 heads2019
Livestock - Camelids
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
camels70.8941000 heads2019
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
hides and skins2.0871000 t2019
meat11.6641000 t2019
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs0.1t2019
marine fishes2 270.031t2019
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Non-metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clay36$1000 t2016
salt0.51000 t2016
Mineral resources - Rocks
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
limestone2701000 t2016
sand and gravel - t1 6001000 t2016
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
non-renewable electricity generation97.561%2018
- thermal40$M kWh2018
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal1301000 kW2018
- other renew.0.361000 kW2019
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total installed capacity130.361000 kW2018
total net generation41$M kWh2018
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Industry

Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar0.0051000 t2018
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement1801000 t2017
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufacturing production91.942M US$2019
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufactures90.7% of goods exports2009
fuels6.5% of goods exports2009
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Ethiopia128M US$2009
France73$M US$2009
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
France197M US$2009
United Arab Emirates120M US$2009
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20202 837M US$ -
20193 996M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20203 314M US$ -
20194 138M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures22.3M US$2018
Number of arrivals63 000units2013
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Merchant fleet33$units2021
Merchant fleet, gross tonnage1 037 174t2021
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers25.079per 1000 pop.2019
Computers37.7per 1000 pop.2008
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling6.3years2011
Graduates637units2009
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Students, primary level68 701units2019
Students, secondary level65 499units2019
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds1.4per 1000 pop.2018
Physicians0.06per 1000 pop.2018
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV0.8% of adults2019
Malaria49 402cases2019
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking9.5%2019
Access to electricity61.276%2019
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