Form of Government: Republic
Area: 23 200 sq km
Population: 1 049 001 inhab. (estimate 2018)
Density: 45.22 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 13° - 11° N; long. 42° - 43° E
Capital: Djibouti (capital) 561 564 inhab. (2018);
Currency: Djibouti franc (100 centimes, no longer used)
Human development index: 0.476 (rank: 172)
President: Ismail Omar Guelleh (RPP), elected 9 April 1999, last re-elected 8 April 2016
Prime Minister: Abdoulkader Kamil Mohamed (RPP), since 1 April 2013
Internet: www.ministere-finances.dj (Ministère des Finances)
Member of Arab League, AU, COMESA, OIC, UN, WTO

Djibouti

Djibouti, Jībūtī, République de Djibouti, Jumhūrīyah Jībūtī
Useful information

International license plate code DJI
International dialling code 00253
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required only if traveling from a country with risk of transmission); malaria prophylaxis (recommended)
Electricity (Voltage) 220
Driving side rigth
Internet code .dj

GMT  +3
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Jibuti 30
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Jibuti 25.5/36.5
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Jibuti 10/9
Annual average precipitation (mm) Jibuti 165
Days of rainfall (annual average) Jibuti 18

Geography.
Situated on the Bab el Mandeb strait at the southernmost end of the Red Sea, Djibouti is bordered by Eritrea to the north, Somalia to the south-east and Ethiopia to the south and west. It looks out to the Gulf of Aden to the east. The climate is hot and dry.

Government


A former French colony which went by the name French Somaliland (Côte française des Somalis) in 1967 it became the French Territory of the Afars and Isaas, before gaining independence on 27 June 1977 and being renamed Djibouti. In 1981, the People’s Rally for Progress (RPP), a political party of mainly Issa ethnicity, turned the country into a one-party state. The 1992 Constitution established a multi-party, semi-presidential system, but ethnic tensions led to a civil war which only ended in 2001. The President of the Republic is elected by direct suffrage for five years, as well as the 65 members of the National Assembly.
France maintains a naval base and a garrison in Djibouti. The country also hosts US, Japanese, Chinese and Italian military bases.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Air force2.4%2015
Army76.6%2015
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides6.5per 100 000 pop.2015
TOP

Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Djibouti561 564inhab.2018
Ali Sabieh22 630inhab.2009
TOP

Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2018)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE

The Issa, a Somali clan, have their homeland in the south and in the capital; the Afar, of Danakil-Ethiopian origin, are found in the north.

Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate22.72017
Death rate8.32017
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Issa46%2000
Afar35%2000


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Muslim (Sunni)94%2017
Christian5%2017


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Arabic (official)
French (official)
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years30.7%2018
15-29 years31.4%2018


TOP

Economy


Apart from fishing and farming, the most important activities in the country stem from the free port and the foreign military bases. Djibouti is linked to Addis Ababa by a long-serving rail-way line.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)133.07index2016
Balance of trade- 636.1M US$2018
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population424 438units2018
Active population, Females43.5%2018
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate39%2017
Unemployment rate, Females47.1%2018
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses117 171M LCU2017
Revenues116 138M LCU2017
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture49.9%2018
industry8.1%2018
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture2.8%2017
industry19.9%2017
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation41.55BN LCU2018
International reserves454.2M US$2018
TOP

Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land0.09%2015
forests0.24%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total0.0131000 t2017
maize0.0131000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.0081000 t2017
carrots and turnips0.0131000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry2.1421000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pepper0.31000 t2005
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane0.0531000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total4.1821000 t2014
pears0.0031000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits2.61000 t2017
lemons2.5931000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
dates0.1171000 t2017
mangoes0.5921000 t2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize0.0071000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry6.7721000 ha2017
TOP

Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber394 6382017
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle299.9541000 heads2017
cattle and buffaloes299.9541000 heads2017
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep468.7321000 heads2017
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats514.4621000 heads2017
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses8.3871000 heads2017
asses and mules8.3871000 heads2017
Livestock - Camelids
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
camels70.9651000 heads2017
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
hides and skins2.0161000 t2013
meat11.4851000 t2017
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs25t2017
marine fishes1 997t2017
TOP

Minerals

Mineral resources - Non-metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clay361000 t2016
salt0.51000 t2016
Mineral resources - Rocks
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
limestone2701000 t2016
sand and gravel - t1 6001000 t2016
TOP

Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal405M kWh2016
non-renewable electricity generation99.876%2016
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal1301000 kW2016
- other renew.0.31000 kW2016
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation405.5M kWh2016
total installed capacity130.31000 kW2016
TOP

Industry

Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar0.011000 t2014
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement1801000 t2016
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufacturing production87.5M US$2018
TOP

Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufactures90.7% of goods exports2009
fuels6.5% of goods exports2009
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Ethiopia128M US$2009
France73M US$2009
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
France197M US$2009
United Arab Emirates120M US$2009
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2018168M US$ -
2017142M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2018804M US$ -
2017768M US$ -
TOP

Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures39.7M US$2017
Number of arrivals63 000units2013
TOP

Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Merchant fleet15units2018
Merchant fleet, gross tonnage5 481t2018
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers25.485per 1000 pop.2017
Computers37.7per 1000 pop.2008
TOP

Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling6.3years2011
Graduates637units2009
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level2 144units2018
Teachers, secondary level2 563units2018
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds1.5per 1000 pop.2017
Physicians0.9per 1000 pop.2017
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV1.3% of adults2017
Malaria14 671cases2017
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking11.52%2016
Access to electricity60.2%2017
TOP