Form of Government: Republic
Area: 11 285 sq km
Population: 2 416 664 inhab. (estimate 2020)
Density: 214.15 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 14° - 13° N; long. 17° - 14° W
Capital: Banjul (capital) 31 054 inhab. (2013); Banjul 747 565 inhab. (2013), urban agglomeration
Currency: dalasi (100 bututs)
Human development index: 0.496 (rank: 172)
President and head of government: Adama Barrow (National People’s Party), elected 1 December 2016, in office since 19 January 2017
National Assembly: seats based on the elections of 6 April 2017: UDP (United Democratic Party), 31; APRC (Alliance for Patriotic Reorientation and Construction), 5; independents, 1; others, 16
Internet: www.gbosdata.org (The Gambia Bureau of Statistics)
Member of AU, Commonwealth, ECOWAS, OIC, UN, WTO

Gambia, The

The Gambia, Republic of The Gambia
Useful information

International license plate code WAG
International dialling code 00220
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (recommended; it is also required if traveling from a country with risk of transmission); malaria prophylaxis (recommended)
Electricity (Voltage) 230
Driving side rigth
Internet code .gm

GMT  0
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Banjul 26.7
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Banjul 24.5/27.5
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Banjul 8/8
Annual average precipitation (mm) Banjul 1046
Days of rainfall (annual average) Banjul 66

Geography.
It is bordered by Senegal to the north, east and south, with the Atlantic Ocean to its west. Following the length of the River Gambia, the land is mostly lowlands made up of flood plains. The climate is tropical.

Government


Formerly a British colony and from 18 February 1965 an independent monarchy within the British Commonwealth, it became a republic in 1970. From 1982 to 1989 it was unified with Senegal in the Senegambia Confederation. In 1994 a military coup d’état brought Y. Jammeh to power, who led the country at the helm of the APRC even after the revival of democracy in 1996; his rejection of the outcome of the 2016 elections, won by the opposition, sparked protests that forced him into exile in 2017.
According to the Constitution of 1997, the President of the Republic is elected by direct suffrage for 5 years; the National Assembly is made up of 53 members elected for 5 years (with 5 additional members appointed by the President).

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Army100%2017
Military expenditure0.824% of GDP2019
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides9.1per 100 000 pop.2015
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Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Brikama81 007inhab.2013
Bundunka Kunda55 360inhab.2013
Urban agglomerations
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Banjul747 565inhab.2013
Kanifing377 134inhab.2013
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2020)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate38.0732019
Death rate7.7222019
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Mandingo34.4%2013
Fula24.1%2013


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Muslim96$%2013
Christian3.8%2013


Languages
DESCRIPTION
English (official)
Wolof
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years35.7%2020
15-29 years29.1%2020


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Economy


The agricultural system is based on the mono-crop of peanuts. Subsistence crops include millet, rice, maize, sorghum and cassava. Forestry resources are important. Industry is limited to the processing of agricultural products. Of great importance are the earnings sent home by emigrants, international aid and re-exportation, helped by low customs duties. The banking sector is relevant, as is tourism with visitors mainly from Europe.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)106index2016
Agricultural prod. index (2014-16=100)92.07index2019
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population774 759units2020
Active population, Females44.1%2020
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate9.6%2020
Unemployment rate, Females59.5%2019
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses22 006M LCU2019
Revenues19 694M LCU2019
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture27.1%2019
industry15.7%2019
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture20.146%2019
industry17.499%2019
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation7.304BN LCU2018
International reserves191.8M US$2018
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land43.972%2018
forests25.113%2018
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total104.8521000 t2019
maize17$1000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava13.1741000 t2019
roots and tubers, total13.1741000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts1101000 t2019
sesame seed1.41000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruits35.0631000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton0.4361000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total10.6261000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
almonds0.1961000 t2013
cashew nuts2.7321000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mangoes1.5871000 t2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize35$1000 ha2019
millet1001000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava3.0141000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts1151000 ha2019
sesame seed3.6971000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruit3.511000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton1.2511000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
almonds0.1191000 ha2013
cashew nuts1.5961000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mangoes0.2681000 ha2019
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber891 8782019
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle466.4851000 heads2019
cattle and buffaloes466.4851000 heads2019
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs14.51000 heads2019
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep45.6771000 heads2019
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats348.1911000 heads2019
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses75.2131000 heads2019
asses and mules75.2131000 heads2019
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds1 4761000 heads2019
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs1.0381000 t2019
hides and skins0.6081000 t2019
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs2 450.33t2019
freshwater fishes2 619.1t2019
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
ilmenite69 9401000 t2010
Mineral resources - Non-metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clay6.71000 t2007
Mineral resources - Rocks
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sand and gravel - t1 2001000 t2013
silicates1 1211000 t2010
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal310M kWh2018
non-renewable electricity generation99.01%2018
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal1021000 kW2018
- other renew.3$1000 kW2019
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation313.1M kWh2018
total installed capacity1051000 kW2018
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Industry

Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley3$1000 t2018
groundnut oil12.1261000 t2018
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement1 8001000 t2016
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufacturing production72.44M US$2019
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
food products44.067% of goods exports2019
agricultural raw materials35.489% of goods exports2019
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2020100M US$ -
2019133M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2020695M US$ -
2019621M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures10.4M US$2018
Number of arrivals619 000units2019
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, passengers carried109.51000 units2019
Merchant fleet8$units2021
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers1.944per 1000 pop.2018
Computers35.3per 1000 pop.2008
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling8.7years2010
Graduates3 701units2012
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Students, primary level350 323units2018
Students, secondary level163 065units2018
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds1.05per 1000 pop.2015
Physicians0.1per 1000 pop.2015
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV1.9% of adults2019
HIV, total0.6%2001
Research
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Research and development spending0.071% of GDP2018
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking1.4%2019
Access to electricity59.921%2019
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