Form of Government: Republic
Area: 11 285 sq km
Population: 2 100 568 inhab. (estimate 2017)
Density: 186.14 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 14° - 13° N; long. 17° - 14° W
Capital: Banjul (capital) 31 054 inhab. (2013); Banjul 747 565 inhab. (2013), urban agglomeration
Currency: dalasi (100 bututs)
Human development index: 0.46 (rank: 174)
President and head of government: Adama Barrow (independent), elected 1 December 2016, in office since 19 January 2017
National Assembly: seats based on the elections of 6 April 2017: UDP (United Democratic Party), 31; APRC (Alliance for Patriotic Reorientation and Construction), 5; independents, 1; others, 16
Internet: www.gbos.gov.gm (Gambia Bureau of Statistics)
Member of AU, Commonwealth, ECOWAS, OIC, UN, WTO

Gambia, The

The Gambia, Republic of The Gambia
Useful information

International license plate code WAG
International dialling code 00220
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (recommended; it is also required if traveling from a country with risk of transmission); malaria prophylaxis (recommended)
Electricity (Voltage) 230
Driving side rigth
Internet code .gm

GMT  0
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Banjul 26.7
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Banjul 24.5/27.5
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Banjul 8/8
Annual average precipitation (mm) Banjul 1046
Days of rainfall (annual average) Banjul 66

Politics and current affairs

President Y. Jammeh (APRC) rejected the results of the 1 December 2016 election, won by A. Barrow, but protests and the intervention of CEDEAO military forces forced him into exile.

Geography.
It is bordered by Senegal to the north, east and south, with the Atlantic Ocean to its west. Following the length of the River Gambia, the land is mostly lowlands made up of flood plains. The climate is tropical.

Government


Formerly a British colony and from 18 February 1965 an independent monarchy within the British Commonwealth, it became a republic in 1970. From 1982 to 1989 it was unified with Senegal in the Senegambia Confederation. In 1994 a military coup d’état brought Y. Jammeh to power, who led the country at the helm of the APRC even after the revival of democracy in 1996; his rejection of the outcome of the 2016 elections, won by the opposition, sparked protests that forced him into exile in 2017.
According to the Constitution of 1997, the President of the Republic is elected by direct suffrage for 5 years; the National Assembly is made up of 53 members elected for 5 years (with 5 additional members appointed by the President).

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Army100%2017
Military expenditure1.6% of GDP2015
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides9.1per 100 000 pop.2015
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Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Brikama81 007inhab.2013
Bundunka Kunda55 360inhab.2013
Urban agglomerations
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Banjul747 565inhab.2013
Kanifing377 134inhab.2013
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2018)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate392017
Death rate7.92017
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Mandingo34.4%2013
Fula24.1%2013


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Muslim96%2013
Christian3.8%2013


Languages
DESCRIPTION
English (official)
Wolof
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years37%2018
15-29 years29.3%2018


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Economy


The agricultural system is based on the mono-crop of peanuts. Subsistence crops include millet, rice, maize, sorghum and cassava. Forestry resources are important. Industry is limited to the processing of agricultural products. Of great importance are the earnings sent home by emigrants, international aid and re-exportation, helped by low customs duties. The banking sector is relevant, as is tourism with visitors mainly from Europe.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)106index2016
Balance of trade- 399.8M US$2018
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population706 908units2018
Active population, Females44.6%2018
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate29.6%2015
Unemployment rate, Females60.2%2018
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses20 767M LCU2018
Revenues19 845M LCU2018
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture29.7%2018
industry15.9%2018
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture24.9%2017
industry14%2017
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation7.304BN LCU2018
International reserves191.8M US$2018
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land40.71%2015
forests44.65%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total217.8331000 t2017
maize39.0511000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava11.2881000 t2017
roots and tubers, total11.2881000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts109.781000 t2017
sesame seed1.8931000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruits35.0631000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton0.4611000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total9.3921000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
almonds0.1961000 t2013
cashew nuts3.0651000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mangoes1.4931000 t2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize43.2211000 ha2017
millet113.1761000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava2.8091000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts117.5391000 ha2017
sesame seed5.2831000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruit3.5091000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton1.3151000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
almonds0.1191000 ha2013
cashew nuts1.7841000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mangoes0.2671000 ha2017
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber985 0932017
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle464.0281000 heads2017
cattle and buffaloes464.0281000 heads2017
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs13.51000 heads2017
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep651000 heads2017
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats344.4951000 heads2017
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses67.3991000 heads2017
asses and mules67.3991000 heads2017
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds1 3601000 heads2017
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs0.9951000 t2017
hides and skins0.5761000 t2013
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs1 917t2017
freshwater fishes1 325t2017
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
ilmenite69 9401000 t2010
Mineral resources - Non-metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clay6.71000 t2007
Mineral resources - Rocks
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sand and gravel - t1 2001000 t2013
silicates1 1211000 t2010
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal300M kWh2016
non-renewable electricity generation98.651%2016
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal1141000 kW2016
- other renew.31000 kW2016
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation304.1M kWh2016
total installed capacity1171000 kW2016
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Industry

Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley4.41000 t2014
groundnut oil15.21000 t2014
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufacturing production66.7M US$2017
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
food products77.301% of goods exports2017
manufactures22.011% of goods exports2017
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2018153M US$ -
2017106M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2018553M US$ -
2017549M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures45.5M US$2017
Number of arrivals162 000units2017
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, passengers carried53.71000 units2017
Merchant fleet9units2018
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers1.839per 1000 pop.2016
Computers35.3per 1000 pop.2008
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling8.7years2010
Graduates3 701units2012
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level9 694units2018
Teachers, secondary level7 841units2018
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds1.1per 1000 pop.2011
Physicians0.1per 1000 pop.2015
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV1.6% of adults2017
HIV, total0.6%2001
Research
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Research and development spending0.13% of GDP2011
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking3.3%2016
Access to electricity56.2%2017
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