Form of Government: Republic
Area: 267 667 sq km
Population: 1 979 786 inhab. (estimate 2016)
Density: 7.40 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 2° N - 4° S; long. 9° - 14° E
Capital: Libreville (capital) 703 939 inhab. (2013);
Currency: CFA franc (100 centimes)
Human development index: 0.697 (rank: 109)
President: Ali Ben Bongo Ondimba (PDG), elected 30 August 2009, reconfirmed 27 August 2016
Prime Minister: Emmanuel Issoze-Ngondet (PDG), since 29 September 2016
National Assembly: dissolved
Internet: www.stat-gabon.org (Direction Générale des Statistiques)
Member of AU, CEMAC, OIC, OPEC, UN, WTO

Gabon

Gabon, République gabonaise
Useful information

International license plate code G
International dialling code 00241
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required); malaria prophylaxis (recommended)
Electricity (Voltage) 220
Driving side rigth
Internet code .ga

GMT  +1
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Libreville 23.7
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Libreville 27/25
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Libreville 4/5
Annual average precipitation (mm) Libreville 2592
Days of rainfall (annual average) Libreville 160

Politics and current affairs

On 30 April 2018, the Constitutional Court dissolved the National Assembly after another delay in calling elections, which were originally set for December 2016.

Geography.
Gabon is bordered by Equatorial Guinea and Cameroon to the north, and Congo to the east and south. To the west, it looks out onto the Atlantic Ocean. The country lies within the basin of the River Ogooué and is covered by equatorial forests. The sovereignty of certain small islands in Corisco Bay is disputed by Equatorial Guinea.

Government


Formerly a French colony, the country gained independence on 17 August 1960 and was governed by a single-party administration led by Léon M’Ba. After his death in 1967, the party leadership was passed to by Omar Bongo.
A multiparty system was introduced in 1990 but failed to put a dent in the absolute power of the President and his party (the PDG). After the death of Omar Bongo in 2009, his son Ali was elected President in elections that were contested by the opposition. According to the 1991 Constitution, altered several times, the President of the Republic is elected by direct suffrage for a seven-year term. Parliament comprises the National Assembly (120 members elected for five years) and the Senate (102 members elected indirectly for six years).

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Air force21.3%2015
Army68.1%2015
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides9per 100 000 pop.2015
TOP

Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Libreville703 939inhab.2013
Port-Gentil136 462inhab.2013
TOP

Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2017)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate29.52016
Death rate7.62016
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
other37.5%2000
Fang28.6%2000


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Catholic41.9%2012
other Christian32.4%2012


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Bantu
French (official)
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years41.9%2017
15-29 years28.6%2017


TOP

Economy


Gabon has one of the highest per capita incomes in Sub-Saharan Africa. This is due to the low population density and the presence of significant oil resources, whose productivity is, however, in decline; despite the government’s efforts to attract investments and encourage the diversification of production companies, the economic structure remains weak. Most of the population still lives in a state of poverty caused by an unequal distribution of wealth.
The main subsistence crops are cassava, bananas and yams. The most important commercial crops are natural rubber, cocoa, tobacco and sugar cane. The vast tropical forests supply both valued wood and building timber, but at a high ecological price. Gabon has enormous energy and mineral resources including oil (at Gamba, Grondin, Tsengué, Rabi-Kounga and Obando), manganese (at Moanda and Ndjole), natural gas (at Mbassou), iron ore (at Mékambo-Bélinga and Tchibanga), gold (near Etéké and Moanda) and diamonds, as well as unexploited deposits of phosphates, rare earths, niobium, tantalum and uranium (at Mabounié). There are wood-processing plants (at Port-Gentil), textile plants (at Libreville), chemical plants (at Port-Gentil and Libreville), food-processing plants (at Port-Gentil and Franceville), tobacco plants, cement plants (at Ntoum, Owendo and Franceville) and a refinery (at Port-Gentil).
Gabon’s main trading partners are the USA, China, France and Belgium. The functions of the central bank are carried out by the Banque des États de l’Afrique Centrale (BEAC) with its headquarters in Yaoundé (in Cameroon), which acts on behalf of the Economic Community of Central African States (CEMAC). The CFA franc is pegged to the Euro at a fixed exchange rate.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)123.14index2016
Balance of trade3 343M US$2017
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population667 600units2017
Active population, Females40.1%2017
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate19.6%2017
Unemployment rate, Females56.1%2017
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses1 891 184M LCU2017
Revenues1 584 770M LCU2017
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture41.9%2017
industry12.6%2017
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture4.1%2016
industry50.8%2016
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation418.6BN LCU2017
International reserves965.1M US$2017
TOP

Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land1.76%2015
forests81.67%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total45.661000 t2016
maize44.0131000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava313.7381000 t2016
roots and tubers, total611.7731000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggplants0.2181000 t2016
tomatoes0.411000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts18.6361000 t2016
soybeans4.1411000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruits18.3121000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa0.1671000 t2016
coffee0.0941000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane286.4661000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total296.0691000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits1.3061000 t2016
citrus fruits, nes1.3061000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas17.6821000 t2016
pineapples1.1921000 t2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize27.8871000 ha2016
rice0.5791000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava58.3731000 ha2016
sweet potatoes1.9511000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggplants0.0411000 ha2016
tomatoes0.0481000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts18.0121000 ha2016
soybeans4.7181000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruit4.5091000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa2.6181000 ha2016
coffee0.2761000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane4.6451000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits0.2441000 ha2016
citrus fruits, nes0.2441000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas2.2411000 ha2016
pineapples0.1731000 ha2016
TOP

Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
natural rubber24 895t2016
timber3 270 0002016
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle37.8451000 heads2016
cattle and buffaloes37.8451000 heads2016
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs223.4881000 heads2016
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep215.5581000 heads2016
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats109.4681000 heads2016
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds3 1711000 heads2016
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs2.4771000 t2016
hides and skins0.4821000 t2013
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs638t2016
freshwater fishes10 865t2016
TOP

Minerals

Mineral resources - Energy minerals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
natural gas551M m³2017
oil, crude9 917.71000 t2017
Mineral resources - Metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manganese1 6001000 t2017
Mineral resources - Precious metals and stones
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
diamonds0.51000 ct2010
gold1 301kg2015
TOP

Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal1 124.24M kWh2015
- hydro909M kWh2015
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal3401000 kW2015
- hydro3301000 kW2015
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation2 045.24M kWh2015
total installed capacity6701000 kW2015
TOP

Industry

Industry - Petrochemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bitumen21000 t2015
petrol144.31000 t2014
Industry - Chemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
paints5.31000 t2011
soap2.11000 t2011
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley1501000 t2014
fish, salted or smoked3.21000 t2003
Industry - Tobacco
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cigarettes, packs24.3M units2011
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement1501000 t2015
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chemicals production7M US$2003
food, beverages and tobacco production103M US$2003
TOP

Trade

International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
United States2 243M US$2007
China1 096M US$2007
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
France684M US$2007
United States478M US$2007
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20175 602.685M US$ -
20164 362.673M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20172 259.456M US$ -
20162 170.553M US$ -
TOP

Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures346M US$2005
Number of arrivals186 000units2009
TOP

Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown8 700 000km flown2004
Civil aviation, passengers carried77.31000 units2016
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers7.390per 1000 pop.2017
Computers34per 1000 pop.2008
TOP

Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling13.1years2002
Gross enrolment ratio, primary - Female162index2012
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level12 961units2011
Teachers, secondary level3 496units2001
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds6.3per 1000 pop.2010
Physicians0.4per 1000 pop.2016
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV3.6% of adults2016
Malaria161 508cases2016
Research
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Research and development spending0.13% of GDP2011
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking79.12%2016
Access to electricity91.395%2016
TOP