Form of Government: Republic
Area: 18 274 sq km
Population: 896 444 inhab. (estimate 2020)
Density: 49.06 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 12° - 22° S; long. 174° E - 178° W
Capital: Suva (capital) 93 870 inhab. (2017); Suva 178 339 inhab. (2018), urban agglomeration
Currency: Fiji dollar (100 cents)
Human development index: 0.743 (rank: 93)
President: Jioji Konousi Konrote (FijiFirst), since 12 November 2015
Prime Minister: Voreqe “Frank” Bainimarama (FijiFirst), since 5 January 2007
Parliament: seats based on the elections of 18 November 2018: FijiFirst, 27, SODELPA (Social Democratic Liberal Party), 21; NFP (National Federation Party), 3
Internet: www.statsfiji.gov.fj (Fiji Islands Bureau of Statistics)
Member of Commonwealth, SPC, UN, WTO

Fiji

Fiji, Viti, Republic of Fiji, Matanitu ko Viti, Fiji Ripablik
Useful information

International license plate code FJI
International dialling code 00679
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required only if traveling from a country with risk of transmission, including travelers having transited more than 12 hours through the airport of a country with risk of transmission)
Electricity (Voltage) 240
Driving side left
Internet code .fj

GMT  +12
DST  +13
DST duration (start-end) late October-mid January (Sunday 19)

Annual average temperature (°C) Suva 25.6; Nadi 25.1
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Suva 27.5/23.5; Nadi 27.5/23
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Suva 4.5/6; Nadi 7/7.5
Annual average precipitation (mm) Suva 3020; Nadi 1805
Days of rainfall (annual average) Suva 214; Nadi 114

Geography.
An archipelago of Oceania in the south-west Pacific Ocean, formed by about 320 islands which enclose the Koro Sea. The largest islands are Viti Levu (10 429 km²), Vanua Levu (5556 km²), Taveuni (470 km²), Lau Islands (487 km²) and the dependency of Rotuma (46 km²).

Government


Formerly a British colony, Fiji has been independent since 10 October 1970 as part of the British Commonwealth. Internal ethnic conflict has led to a number of coups, the latest of which brought about the establishment of a military regime led by General Bainimarama. The army, which is controlled by Fijian nationalists, has in fact intervened several times in the politics of the country to prevent excessive domination by the Indian minority (represented by the Labor Party). Following the legislative elections held in 2014, won by the party led by General Bainimarama, the country was readmitted to the Commonwealth. According to the 2013 Constitution, the President of the Republic, who plays a largely formal role with a mandate of three years, is elected by Parliament between two candidates proposed by the Prime Minister and the main opposition party. Parliament is made up of 51 members, elected by direct suffrage for a four-year term. The Prime Minister, who is the head of government, is the leader of the political party with more than 50% of the votes; otherwise, he is appointed by Parliament.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Army91.4%2015
Military expenditure1.62% of GDP2019
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides2.3per 100 000 pop.2014
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Administrative division

Administrative division
ProvinceAREAINHABITANTSYEAR
Ba2 634 sq km247 685 inhab.2017
Bua1 379 sq km15 489 inhab.2017
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Suva93 870inhab.2017
Nasinu92 043inhab.2017
Urban agglomerations
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Suva178 339inhab.2018
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2020)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE

Ethnic tensions have led to large-scale emigration of the Indian population, and the Melanesian population has once again become the largest ethnic group in the archipelago.

Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate20.9542019
Death rate8.2572019
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Fijian56.8%2007
Indian37.5%2007


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Christian64.4%2007
Hindu27.9%2007


Languages
DESCRIPTION
English (official)
Fijian (official)
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years26.6%2020
15-29 years23.1%2020


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Economy


The main activities are farming (sugar cane, coconuts, cassava) and fishing (tuna).
The sugar industry is driven by the export market.
Tourism is an important source of foreign currency, as are remittances from emigrants.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)83.57index2016
Agricultural prod. index (2014-16=100)113.97index2019
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population357 050units2020
Active population, Females33.1%2019
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate4.8%2020
Unemployment rate, Females42.9%2019
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses2 286.5M LCU2020
Revenues2 017.8M LCU2020
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture36.3%2019
industry13.3%2019
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture13.181%2019
industry19.583%2019
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation0.932BN LCU2020
International reserves1 043.3M US$2019
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land13.684%2018
forests61.667%2018
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total7.1721000 t2019
maize1.41000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava76.031000 t2019
potatoes0.0441000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages4.6681000 t2019
chillies and peppers0.2621000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts0.361000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts23.8221000 t2019
copra11.31000 t2006
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa0.0171000 t2019
coffee0.0081000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane1 514.9181000 t2019
tobacco0.4681000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total33.7031000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits0.9951000 t2019
oranges0.9951000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas5.0861000 t2019
mangoes0.3711000 t2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize0.4671000 ha2019
rice1.9161000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava3.0411000 ha2019
potatoes0.0031000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.3111000 ha2019
chillies and peppers0.021000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts0.4371000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts3.971000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa0.0091000 ha2019
coffee0.0141000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane35.121000 ha2019
tobacco0.7631000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits0.0661000 ha2019
oranges0.0661000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas0.5091000 ha2019
mangoes0.0461000 ha2019
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber837 0002019
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle114.5021000 heads2019
cattle and buffaloes114.5021000 heads2019
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs154.0341000 heads2019
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep31.6511000 heads2019
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats265.1121000 heads2019
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
equines, total47.6181000 heads2019
horses47.6181000 heads2019
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds5 6641000 heads2019
Livestock - Beekeeping
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
honey0.2671000 t2019
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
butter1.651000 t2018
eggs11.3291000 t2019
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs3 523t2019
freshwater fishes270t2019
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bauxite60$1000 t2018
Mineral resources - Rocks
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
limestone60$1000 t2016
Mineral resources - Precious metals and stones
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
gold1 167.3kg2018
silver518kg2020
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- hydro567M kWh2019
- thermal436M kWh2018
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal1751000 kW2018
- hydro1381000 kW2019
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation1 071.92M kWh2018
total installed capacity3861000 kW2018
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Industry

Industry - Chemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
soap3.21000 t2020
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley21$1000 t2018
coconut oil5$1000 t2020
Industry - Tobacco
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cigarettes - t0.3991000 t2020
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement98$1000 t2020
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chemicals production32.259M US$2018
food, beverages and tobacco production279.602M US$2018
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
food products42.631% of goods exports2019
manufactures27.113% of goods exports2019
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2020822M US$ -
20191 033M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20201 719M US$ -
20192 734M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures174M US$2019
Number of arrivals894 000units2019
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown22 300 000km flown2004
Civil aviation, passengers carried1 700.31000 units2019
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers14.752per 1000 pop.2018
Computers60.4per 1000 pop.2005
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling15.7years2011
Graduates1 679units2004
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Students, primary level110 127units2016
Students, secondary level97 254units2012
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds2$per 1000 pop.2016
Physicians0.86per 1000 pop.2015
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV0.2% of adults2019
Tuberculosis66$per 100 000 pop.2019
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking49.6%2019
Access to electricity100%2019
Household consumption expenditure
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clothing, footwear2.6%2008
food, non-alcoholic beverages28.8%2008
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