Form of Government: Republic
Area: 18 274 sq km
Population: 884 887 inhab. (census 2017)
Density: 48.42 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 12° - 22° S; long. 174° E - 178° W
Capital: Suva (capital) 93 870 inhab. (2017); Suva 178 339 inhab. (2018), urban agglomeration
Currency: Fiji dollar (100 cents)
Human development index: 0.741 (rank: 92)
President: Jioji Konousi Konrote (FijiFirst), since 12 November 2015
Prime Minister: Voreqe “Frank” Bainimarama (FijiFirst), since 5 January 2007
Parliament: seats based on the elections of 18 November 2018: FijiFirst, 27, SODELPA (Social Democratic Liberal Party), 21; NFP (National Federation Party), 3
Internet: www.statsfiji.gov.fj (Fiji Islands Bureau of Statistics)
Member of Commonwealth, SPC, UN, WTO

Fiji

Fiji, Viti, Republic of Fiji, Matanitu ko Viti, Fiji Ripablik
Useful information

International license plate code FJI
International dialling code 00679
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required only if traveling from a country with risk of transmission, including travelers having transited more than 12 hours through the airport of a country with risk of transmission)
Electricity (Voltage) 240
Driving side left
Internet code .fj

GMT  +12
DST  +13
DST duration (start-end) late October-mid January (Sunday 19)

Annual average temperature (°C) Suva 25.6; Nadi 25.1
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Suva 27.5/23.5; Nadi 27.5/23
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Suva 4.5/6; Nadi 7/7.5
Annual average precipitation (mm) Suva 3020; Nadi 1805
Days of rainfall (annual average) Suva 214; Nadi 114

Geography.
An archipelago of Oceania in the south-west Pacific Ocean, formed by about 320 islands which enclose the Koro Sea. The largest islands are Viti Levu (10 429 km²), Vanua Levu (5556 km²), Taveuni (470 km²), Lau Islands (487 km²) and the dependency of Rotuma (46 km²).

Government


Formerly a British colony, Fiji has been independent since 10 October 1970 as part of the British Commonwealth.
Internal ethnic conflict has led to a number of coups, the latest of which brought about the establishment of a military regime led by General Bainimarama. The army, which is controlled by Fijian nationalists, has in fact intervened several times in the politics of the country to prevent excessive domination by the Indian minority (represented by the Labor Party). Following the legislative elections held in 2014, won by the party led by General Bainimarama, the country was readmitted to the Commonwealth.
According to the 2013 Constitution, the President of the Republic, who plays a largely formal role with a mandate of three years, is elected by Parliament between two candidates proposed by the Prime Minister and the main opposition party. Parliament is made up of 51 members, elected by direct suffrage for a four-year term. The Prime Minister, who is the head of government, is the leader of the political party with more than 50% of the votes; otherwise, he is appointed by Parliament.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Army91.4%2015
Military expenditure0.9% of GDP2017
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides2.3per 100 000 pop.2014
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Administrative division

Administrative division
ProvinceAREAINHABITANTSYEAR
Ba2 634 sq km247 685 inhab.2017
Bua1 379 sq km15 489 inhab.2017
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Suva93 870inhab.2017
Nasinu92 043inhab.2017
Urban agglomerations
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Suva178 339inhab.2018
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2018)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE

Ethnic tensions have led to large-scale emigration of the Indian population, and the Melanesian population has once again become the largest ethnic group in the archipelago.

Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate192017
Death rate7.22017
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Fijian56.8%2007
Indian37.5%2007


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Christian64.4%2007
Hindu27.9%2007


Languages
DESCRIPTION
English (official)
Fijian (official)
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years27.5%2018
15-29 years23.7%2018


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Economy


The main activities are farming (sugar cane, coconuts, cassava) and fishing (tuna).
The sugar industry is driven by the export market.
Tourism is an important source of foreign currency, as are remittances from emigrants.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)83.57index2016
Balance of trade-1 680M US$2018
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population374 493units2018
Active population, Females33%2018
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate4.2%2018
Unemployment rate, Females42.4%2018
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses3 066.6M LCU2017
Revenues2 837.9M LCU2017
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture39.4%2018
industry13.1%2018
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture13.4%2017
industry18.1%2017
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation0.839BN LCU2017
International reserves947.65M US$2018
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land13.68%2015
forests55.68%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total10.0691000 t2017
maize0.9611000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava66.1351000 t2017
potatoes0.271000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages1.3841000 t2017
chillies and peppers0.1351000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts0.3421000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts209.5321000 t2017
copra11.31000 t2006
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa0.0121000 t2017
coffee0.0091000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane1 458.0491000 t2017
tobacco0.4571000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total22.8871000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits0.0671000 t2017
oranges0.0671000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas4.3561000 t2017
mangoes0.2751000 t2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize0.321000 ha2017
rice3.0271000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava2.7251000 ha2017
potatoes0.0231000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.1681000 ha2017
chillies and peppers0.011000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts0.4111000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts58.9871000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa0.1251000 ha2017
coffee0.0181000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane35.2781000 ha2017
tobacco0.6411000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits0.0621000 ha2017
oranges0.0621000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas0.4361000 ha2017
mangoes0.0251000 ha2017
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber837 0002017
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle3131000 heads2017
cattle and buffaloes3131000 heads2017
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs153.1561000 heads2017
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep24.0311000 heads2017
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats263.1251000 heads2017
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
equines, total47.4291000 heads2017
horses47.4291000 heads2017
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds5 4201000 heads2017
Livestock - Beekeeping
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
honey0.3351000 t2013
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
butter1.891000 t2014
eggs4.8671000 t2017
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs3 523t2017
freshwater fishes243t2017
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bauxite581000 t2016
Mineral resources - Rocks
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
limestone601000 t2016
Mineral resources - Precious metals and stones
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
gold1 167.3kg2018
silver358kg2018
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- hydro495M kWh2016
- thermal410M kWh2016
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- hydro1341000 kW2016
- thermal1201000 kW2016
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation914M kWh2016
total installed capacity3381000 kW2016
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Industry

Industry - Chemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
soap3.51000 t2018
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley171000 t2014
coconut oil41000 t2014
Industry - Tobacco
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cigarettes - t0.4041000 t2018
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement1431000 t2018
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chemicals production23.4M US$2015
food, beverages and tobacco production222M US$2015
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
food products63.991% of goods exports2018
manufactures32.371% of goods exports2018
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20181 025M US$ -
2017956M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20182 705M US$ -
20172 420M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures138M US$2017
Number of arrivals843 000units2017
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown22 300 000km flown2004
Civil aviation, passengers carried1 557.91000 units2017
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers13.401per 1000 pop.2017
Computers60.4per 1000 pop.2005
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling15.7years2011
Graduates1 679units2004
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level5 578units2016
Teachers, secondary level5 041units2012
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds2.3per 1000 pop.2011
Physicians0.8per 1000 pop.2015
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV0.1% of adults2016
Tuberculosis49per 100 000 pop.2017
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking39.56%2016
Access to electricity96%2017
Household consumption expenditure
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clothing, footwear2.6%2008
food, non-alcoholic beverages28.8%2008
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