Form of Government: Federation of emirates
Area: 83 600 sq km
Population: 9 366 829 inhab. (estimate 2018)
Density: 112.04 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 27° - 22° N; long. 51° - 57° E
Capital: Abu Dhabi=Abū Ẓaby (capital) 1 419 699 inhab. (2018);
Currency: dirham (100 fils)
Human development index: 0.866 (rank: 35)
President: Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan, Emir of Abu Dhabi, since 3 November 2004
Prime Minister: Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Emir of Dubai, since 5 January 2006
Internet: //fcsa.gov.ae (Statistics Authority)
Member of Arab League, GCC, OIC, OPEC, UN, WTO

United Arab Emirates

Al-Imārāt, Al-Imārāt al-’Arabīyah al-Muttaḥidah
Useful information

International license plate code UAE
International dialling code 00971
Travel vaccinations requirement none
Electricity (Voltage) 220
Driving side rigth
Internet code .ae

GMT  +4
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Abu Dhabi 26.3
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Abu Dhabi 18/35
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Abu Dhabi 11/8
Annual average precipitation (mm) Abu Dhabi 55
Days of rainfall (annual average) Abu Dhabi 9

Geography.
The country is bordered by Oman to the east, Saudi Arabia to the south and west; the Arabian Gulf lies off its north coast and the Gulf of Oman lies off about 80 km of its north-east coast. The land consists of flat, barren rock formations, most of which covered with rolling sand dunes. Many islands and coral reefs lie off its coastline. It has a dry climate.

Government


The seven Emirates were known in the past as the “Pirate Coast” (with reference to the widespread activities of the coastal populations) and also as the Trucial States (in reference to a truce made in 1853 with the United Kingdom, which attempted to repress piracy and to control trade with the Indian sub-continent). In 1892 they became a British protectorate. After various attempts at unification, they became independent on 2 December 1971. According to the 1971 Constitution, amended several times, the state is a federation of hereditary monarchies. The highest federal authority is the Federal Supreme Council (formed by seven Emirs, each one of which is the absolute ruler of his Emirate) which elects the President from among its members (traditionally the Emir of Abu Dhabi). The President then appoints the Prime Minister (traditionally the Emir of Dubai) and the Council of Ministers, which acts as a consultative body for the Federal National Council of 40 members (of which only 20 are elected by limited suffrage). There are no political parties. The country is de facto led by Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan, son of the President. The Union Defence Force and the armed Forces of the seven Emirates have been formally merged since 1976. Military service is voluntary. The country is very active in foreign policy and is present militarily or through financial support in several crisis areas of the region. In Abu Dhabi, a French military base has been present since 2009. The legal system is based on Islamic Law (sharia).

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Air force7.1%2015
Army69.8%2015
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Crimes2 024.2per 100 000 pop.2007
Homicides0.9per 100 000 pop.2016
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Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Dubai=Dubayy2 645 581inhab.2016
Abu Dhabi=Abū Ẓaby1 419 699inhab.2018
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2018)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE

Population growth is significant. Large numbers of foreign workers mean that males are in the majority in terms of the total population.

Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate10.32018
Death rate1.52018
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Asian75%2009
Arab15%2009


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Muslim76.9%2010
Christian12.6%2010


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Arabic
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years14.4%2018
15-29 years14.9%2018


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Economy


Farming is practised in the oases. The Buraimi Oasis (between the Abu Dhabi Emirate and the Sultanate of Oman) is particularly important; the main crops are dates, tomatoes and other vegetables. The breeding of camels, goats and poultry is widespread.
The country has vast reserves of hydrocarbons. The main deposits are on the coast at Murban and Bū Ḥaşā, and are connected by an oil pipeline to Jebel Dhanna. The submarine oilfields of Umm Shaif and Zakum are connected by an oil pipeline to Das Island; there are other offshore fields at Fateh, Satah, Abu al-Bakhush, Umm al-Dalkh and Abu Musa. Natural gas fields are located at Hail and Shuwaihāt; there is a liquefaction plant on Das Island. The main industries are oil-refining (at Fujayrah, Hamriyah, Jebel Ali, Ruwais and Umm al-Nār), chemicals (in Abu Dhabi, Dubai and Sharjah), metalworking and engineering.
Considerable investments have been made to increase water resources: in terms of the numerous desalination plants, the largest is in the harbour city of Jebel Ali. In order to reduce its dependence on the oil sector, part of the profits from the export of hydrocarbons is being invested in an ambitious plan to develop infrastructures. In Abu Dhabi, there is a solar power station with a concentration of 100 MW and 4 nuclear reactors are under construction; in Dubai, a 1 GW photovoltaic plant is under construction.
The creation of free-trade zones has also made it possible to attract a significant amount of foreign capital. Dubai’s port system is highly advanced and is one of the world’s largest re-export centres. International tourism is also relevant in the Emirate of Sharjah, and in Dubai City, where urban development is moving rapidly. Dubai is consolidating its reputation as a centre of international finance.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)101.04index2016
Balance of trade18 231M US$2019
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population6 840 917units2019
Active population, Females17.6%2019
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate2.4%2019
Unemployment rate, Females45.3%2019
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses383 329.6M LCU2018
Revenues422 456.8M LCU2018
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture1.4%2019
industry34.4%2019
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture0.7%2018
industry46.8%2018
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation93.729BN LCU2019
International reserves108 359.4M US$2019
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land0.92%2015
forests3.86%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley0.1141000 t2018
cereals, total9.0561000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes0.4511000 t2018
roots and tubers, total0.4511000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages14.0551000 t2018
carrots and turnips41.5951000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, green1.5971000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grapes0.0311000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
tobacco0.2851000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
figs0.4971000 t2018
fruits, total381.311000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
almonds0.9321000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits7.6531000 t2018
citrus fruits, nes2.8061000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas0.2041000 t2018
dates345.1191000 t2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley0.0141000 ha2018
maize0.3141000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes0.0181000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.331000 ha2018
carrots and turnips3.2921000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, green0.1141000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grape0.0111000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
tobacco0.0211000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
figs0.051000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
almonds0.8111000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits0.2911000 ha2018
citrus fruits, nes0.141000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas0.0111000 ha2018
dates38.1171000 ha2018
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber18 8472018
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle104.9691000 heads2018
cattle and buffaloes104.9691000 heads2018
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep2 147.6651000 heads2018
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats2 395.1661000 heads2018
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
equines, total0.4421000 heads2018
horses0.4421000 heads2018
Livestock - Camelids
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
camels457.5261000 heads2018
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds24 0971000 heads2018
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
butter1.7491000 t2014
eggs571000 t2018
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs685t2018
freshwater fishes38t2018
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Energy minerals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
natural gas61 917M m³2019
oil, crude170 418.51000 t2019
Mineral resources - Metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chromite251000 t2010
Mineral resources - Non-metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
gypsum7001000 t2017
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal128 000M kWh2018
- other renew.797M kWh2017
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal30 3701000 kW2017
- other renew.5961000 kW2018
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation126 532M kWh2017
total installed capacity30 7271000 kW2017
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Industry

Industry - Iron and Steel, Metallurgy
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
aluminium2 7001000 t2019
gold, metal36 000kg2014
Industry - Petrochemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
petrol10 006.41000 t2014
Industry - Chemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
ammonia9951000 t2017
nitrogen fertilizers933.21000 t2017
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fish, salted or smoked191000 t2003
groundnut oil0.41000 t2014
Industry - Paper and wood products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
other paper2461000 t2018
paper2461000 t2018
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement23 0001000 t2017
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chemicals production6 840.2M US$2018
food, beverages and tobacco production3 610.7M US$2018
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fuels74.775% of goods exports2018
manufactures13.975% of goods exports2018
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
India21 843M US$2010
Iran9 320M US$2010
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
India22 651M US$2010
China13 589M US$2010
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2019280 136M US$ -
2018316 896M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2019261 905M US$ -
2018261 539M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures17 999M US$2018
Number of arrivals21 286 000units2018
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown276 800 000km flown2004
Civil aviation, passengers carried95 533.11000 units2018
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers314.046per 1000 pop.2018
Computers331per 1000 pop.2008
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling14.3years2017
Graduates35 002units2017
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level19 073units2016
Teachers, secondary level46 237units2016
Social statistics - Social protection
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Social protection spending8% of total expenses2018
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds1.6per 1000 pop.2018
Physicians2.6per 1000 pop.2018
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Tuberculosis1per 100 000 pop.2018
Tuberculosis (prevalence)2.7per 100 000 pop.2014
Museums
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Archaeological sites108units2019
Museums34units2019
Research
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Research and development spending1.3% of GDP2018
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking98.51%2016
Access to electricity100%2018
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