Form of Government: Federation of emirates
Area: 83 600 sq km
Population: 9 282 410 inhab. (estimate 2020)
Density: 111.03 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 27° - 22° N; long. 51° - 57° E
Capital: Abu Dhabi=Abū Ẓaby (capital) 1 419 699 inhab. (2018);
Currency: dirham (100 fils)
Human development index: 0.89 (rank: 31)
President: Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan, Emir of Abu Dhabi, since 3 November 2004
Prime Minister: Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Emir of Dubai, since 5 January 2006
Internet: //fcsc.gov.ae (Federal Competitiveness and Statistics Centre)
Member of Arab League, GCC, OIC, OPEC, UN, WTO

United Arab Emirates

Al-Imārāt, Al-Imārāt al-’Arabīyah al-Muttaḥidah
Useful information

International license plate code UAE
International dialling code 00971
Travel vaccinations requirement none
Electricity (Voltage) 220
Driving side rigth
Internet code .ae

GMT  +4
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Abu Dhabi 26.3
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Abu Dhabi 18/35
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Abu Dhabi 11/8
Annual average precipitation (mm) Abu Dhabi 55
Days of rainfall (annual average) Abu Dhabi 9

Geography.
The country is bordered by Oman to the east, Saudi Arabia to the south and west; the Arabian Gulf lies off its north coast and the Gulf of Oman lies off about 80 km of its north-east coast. The land consists of flat, barren rock formations, most of which covered with rolling sand dunes. Many islands and coral reefs lie off its coastline. It has a dry climate.

Government


The seven Emirates were known in the past as the “Pirate Coast” (with reference to the widespread activities of the coastal populations) and also as the Trucial States (in reference to a truce made in 1853 with the United Kingdom, which attempted to repress piracy and to control trade with the Indian sub-continent). In 1892 they became a British protectorate. After various attempts at unification, they became independent on 2 December 1971. According to the 1971 Constitution, amended several times, the state is a federation of hereditary monarchies. The highest federal authority is the Federal Supreme Council (formed by seven Emirs, each one of which is the absolute ruler of his Emirate) which elects the President from among its members (traditionally the Emir of Abu Dhabi). The President then appoints the Prime Minister (traditionally the Emir of Dubai) and the Council of Ministers, which acts as a consultative body for the Federal National Council of 40 members (of which only 20 are elected by limited suffrage). There are no political parties. The country is de facto led by Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan, son of the President. The Union Defence Force and the armed Forces of the seven Emirates have been formally merged since 1976. Military service is voluntary. The country is very active in foreign policy and is present militarily or through financial support in several crisis areas of the region (such as in Yemen). In Abu Dhabi, a French military base has been present since 2009. The legal system is based on Islamic Law (sharia).

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Air force7.1%2015
Army69.8%2015
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Crimes2 024.2per 100 000 pop.2007
Homicides0.9per 100 000 pop.2016
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Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Dubai=Dubayy2 645 581inhab.2016
Abu Dhabi=Abū Ẓaby1 419 699inhab.2018
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2020)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE

Population growth is significant. Large numbers of foreign workers mean that males are in the majority in terms of the total population.

Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate10.2232019
Death rate1.5212019
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Asian75$%2009
Arab15$%2009


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Muslim76.9%2010
Christian12.6%2010


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Arabic
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years16.1%2020
15-29 years17.5%2020


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Economy


Farming is practised in the oases. The Buraimi Oasis (between the Abu Dhabi Emirate and the Sultanate of Oman) is particularly important; the main crops are dates, tomatoes and other vegetables. The breeding of camels, goats and poultry is widespread.
The country has vast reserves of hydrocarbons. The main deposits are on the coast at Murban and Bū Ḥaşā, and are connected by an oil pipeline to Jebel Dhanna. The submarine oilfields of Umm Shaif and Zakum are connected by an oil pipeline to Das Island; there are other offshore fields at Fateh, Satah, Abu al-Bakhush, Umm al-Dalkh and Abu Musa. Natural gas fields are located at Hail and Shuwaihāt; there is a liquefaction plant on Das Island. The main industries are oil-refining (at Fujayrah, Hamriyah, Jebel Ali, Ruwais and Umm al-Nār), chemicals (in Abu Dhabi, Dubai and Sharjah), metalworking and engineering.
Considerable investments have been made to increase water resources: in terms of the numerous desalination plants, the largest is in the harbour city of Jebel Ali. In order to reduce its dependence on the oil sector, part of the profits from the export of hydrocarbons is being invested in an ambitious plan to develop infrastructures. In Abu Dhabi, there is a solar power station with a concentration of 100 MW and a nuclear reactor, with 3 more reactors being built; a 1 GW photovoltaic plant, being expanded, is active in Dubai.
The creation of free-trade zones has also made it possible to attract a significant amount of foreign capital. Dubai’s port system is highly advanced and is one of the world’s largest re-export centres. International tourism is also relevant in the Emirate of Sharjah, and in Dubai City, where urban development is moving rapidly. Dubai is consolidating its reputation as a centre of international finance.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)101.04index2016
Agricultural prod. index (2014-16=100)111.71index2019
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population6 820 037units2020
Active population, Females17.6%2019
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate5$%2020
Unemployment rate, Females45.3%2019
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses383 329.6M LCU2018
Revenues422 456.8M LCU2018
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture1.4%2019
industry34.4%2019
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture0.731%2019
industry46.16%2019
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation110.704BN LCU2020
International reserves106 701.572M US$2020
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land1.151%2018
forests4.468%2018
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley0.1141000 t2018
cereals, total6.7081000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes1.1831000 t2019
roots and tubers, total1.1831000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages13.4521000 t2019
carrots and turnips44.7311000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, green1.6081000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grapes0.0321000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
tobacco0.1981000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
figs0.4621000 t2019
fruits, total360.5981000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
almonds0.971000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits8.131000 t2019
citrus fruits, nes3.131000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas0.2031000 t2019
dates323.4781000 t2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley0.0141000 ha2018
maize0.2541000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes0.0471000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.3231000 ha2019
carrots and turnips3.361000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, green0.1131000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grape0.0121000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
tobacco0.0141000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
figs0.0451000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
almonds1.4761000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits0.3311000 ha2019
citrus fruits, nes0.1651000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas0.011000 ha2019
dates34.1191000 ha2019
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber18 8882019
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle105.9351000 heads2019
cattle and buffaloes105.9351000 heads2019
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep2 205.4581000 heads2019
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats2 437.1911000 heads2019
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
equines, total0.4461000 heads2019
horses0.4461000 heads2019
Livestock - Camelids
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
camels461.7881000 heads2019
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds24 6731000 heads2019
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
butter1.9591000 t2018
eggs57$1000 t2019
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs688t2019
freshwater fishes43$t2019
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Energy minerals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
natural gas55 432M m³2020
oil, crude156 519.91000 t2020
Mineral resources - Metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chromite25$1000 t2010
Mineral resources - Non-metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
gypsum7001000 t2019
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal125 852M kWh2019
- other renew.1 310M kWh2018
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal30 6271000 kW2018
- other renew.1 884.851000 kW2019
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation127 920.48M kWh2018
total installed capacity31 148.851000 kW2018
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Industry

Industry - Iron and Steel, Metallurgy
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
aluminium2 6001000 t2020
gold, metal36 000kg2014
Industry - Petrochemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
petrol10 006.41000 t2014
Industry - Chemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
ammonia9201000 t2019
nitrogen fertilizers933.21000 t2019
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fish, salted or smoked19$1000 t2003
groundnut oil0.4471000 t2018
Industry - Paper and wood products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
other paper2461000 t2019
paper2461000 t2019
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement25 0001000 t2018
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chemicals production6 840.232M US$2018
food, beverages and tobacco production3 610.749M US$2018
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fuels77.951% of goods exports2019
manufactures8.32% of goods exports2019
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
India21 843M US$2010
Iran9 320M US$2010
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
India22 651M US$2010
China13 589M US$2010
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2020306 407M US$ -
2019389 373M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2020226 367M US$ -
2019267 937M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures18 383M US$2019
Number of arrivals22 575 000units2019
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown276 800 000km flown2004
Civil aviation, passengers carried92 798.71000 units2019
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers311.749per 1000 pop.2019
Computers331per 1000 pop.2008
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling15.694years2019
Graduates35 002units2017
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Students, primary level553 678units2019
Students, secondary level556 259units2019
Social statistics - Social protection
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Social protection spending8.117% of total expenses2019
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds1.6per 1000 pop.2018
Physicians2.6per 1000 pop.2018
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Tuberculosis1$per 100 000 pop.2019
Tuberculosis (prevalence)2.7per 100 000 pop.2014
Museums
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Archaeological sites108units2019
Museums34$units2019
Research
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Research and development spending1.278% of GDP2018
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking100%2019
Access to electricity100%2019
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