Form of Government: Federation of emirates
Area: 83 600 sq km
Population: 6 072 475 inhab. (estimate 2017)
Density: 72.64 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 27° - 22° N; long. 51° - 57° E
Capital: Abu Dhabi=Abū Ẓaby (capital) 1 266 189 inhab. (2016);
Currency: dirham (100 fils)
Human development index: 0.84 (rank: 42)
Sovereign: Khalifa bin Zaid al Nahayan, Emir of Abu Dhabi, since 3 November 2004
Prime Minister: Mohammed bin Rashid al Maktum, Emir of Dubai, since 5 January 2006
Internet: //fcsa.gov.ae (Statistics Authority)
Member of Arab League, GCC, OIC, OPEC, UN, WTO

United Arab Emirates

Al-Imārāt, Al-Imārāt al-’Arabīyah al-Muttaḥidah
Useful information

International license plate code UAE
International dialling code 00971
Travel vaccinations requirement none
Electricity (Voltage) 220
Driving side rigth
Internet code .ae

GMT  +4
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Abu Dhabi 26.3
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Abu Dhabi 18/35
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Abu Dhabi 11/8
Annual average precipitation (mm) Abu Dhabi 55
Days of rainfall (annual average) Abu Dhabi 9

Geography.
The country is bordered by Oman to the east, Saudi Arabia to the south and west; the Arabian Gulf lies off its north coast and the Gulf of Oman lies off about 80 km of its north-east coast. The land consists of flat, barren rock formations, most of which covered with rolling sand dunes. Many islands and coral reefs lie off its coastline. It has a dry climate.

Government


The seven Emirates were known in the past as the “Pirate Coast” (with reference to the widespread activities of the coastal populations) and also as the Trucial States (in reference to a truce made in 1853 between the United Kingdom and the Emirates in an attempt to repress piracy and control trade with the Indian sub-continent). In 1892 they became a British protectorate. After various attempts at unification, they became independent on 2 December 1971.
According to the 1971 Constitution, amended several times, the state is a federation of absolute hereditary monarchies. The highest federal authority is the Federal Supreme Council (formed by seven Emirs, each one of which is the absolute ruler of his Emirate) which elects the President from among its members (traditionally the Emir of Abu Dhabi). The President then appoints the Prime Minister (traditionally the Emir of Dubai) and the Council of Ministers, which acts as a consultative body for the Federal National Council of 40 members (of which only 20 are elected by limited suffrage). There are no political parties. The Union Defence Force and the armed Forces of the seven Emirates have been formally merged since 1976. However, Abu Dhabi and Dubai have retained a certain amount of autonomy. Military service is voluntary. The country is active militarily or through financial support in many crisis areas of the region. In Abu Dhabi, a French military base has been present since 2009. The legal system is based on Islamic Law (sharia).

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Air force7.1%2015
Army69.8%2015
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Crimes2 024.2per 100 000 pop.2007
Homicides0.7per 100 000 pop.2015
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Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Dubai=Dubayy2 401 067inhab.2015
Sharjah=Ash-Shāriqah1 274 749inhab.2015
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2017)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE

Population growth is significant. Large numbers of foreign workers mean that males are in the majority in terms of the total population.

Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate9.62016
Death rate1.62016
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Asian75%2009
Arab15%2009


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Muslim76.9%2010
Christian12.6%2010


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Arabic
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years21%2017
15-29 years28%2017


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Economy


Farming is practised in the oases. The Buraimi Oasis (between the Abu Dhabi Emirate and the Sultanate of Oman) is particularly important; the main crops are dates, tomatoes and other vegetables. The breeding of camels, goats and poultry is widespread.
The country has vast reserves of hydrocarbons. The main deposits are on the coast at Murban and Bū Ḥaşā, and are connected by an oil pipeline to Jebel Dhanna. The submarine oilfields of Umm Shaif and Zakum are connected by an oil pipeline to Das Island; there are other offshore fields at Fateh, Satah, Abu al-Bakhush, Umm al-Dalkh and Abu Musa. Natural gas fields are located at Hail and Shuwaihāt; there is a liquefaction plant on Das Island. The main industries are oil-refining (at Fujayrah, Hamriyah, Jebel Ali, Ruwais and Umm al-Nār), chemicals (in Abu Dhabi, Dubai and Sharjah), metalworking and engineering.
Considerable investments have been made to increase water resources: in terms of the numerous desalination plants, the largest is in the harbour city of Jebel Ali. In order to reduce its dependence on the oil sector, part of the profits from the export of hydrocarbons is being invested in an ambitious plan to develop infrastructures. In Abu Dhabi, there is a solar power station with a concentration of 100 MW and 4 nuclear reactors are under construction.
The creation of free-trade zones has also made it possible to attract a significant amount of foreign capital. Dubai’s port system is highly advanced and is one of the world’s largest re-export centres. International tourism is also relevant in the Emirate of Sharjah, and in Dubai City, where urban development is moving rapidly. Dubai is consolidating its reputation as a centre of international finance.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)101.04index2016
Balance of trade92 000M US$2017
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population6 447 195units2017
Active population, Females12.4%2017
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate1.7%2017
Unemployment rate, Females31.5%2017
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses415 900M LCU2015
Revenues387 400M LCU2015
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture0.4%2017
industry38.9%2017
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture0.8%2016
industry40.2%2016
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation85.4BN LCU2017
International reserves95 377.6M US$2017
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land0.92%2015
forests3.86%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley0.1271000 t2016
cereals, total3.6291000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes3.6631000 t2016
roots and tubers, total3.6631000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages13.2691000 t2016
carrots and turnips39.1381000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, green1.5981000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grapes0.061000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
tobacco0.291000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
figs0.4191000 t2016
fruits, total278.6541000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
almonds0.8731000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits2.5881000 t2016
citrus fruits, nes1.3761000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas0.21000 t2016
dates671.8911000 t2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley0.0161000 ha2016
maize0.1311000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes0.1381000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.4121000 ha2016
carrots and turnips2.7751000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, green0.1171000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grape0.0241000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
tobacco0.0191000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
figs0.0911000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
almonds0.6821000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits0.2431000 ha2016
citrus fruits, nes0.1111000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas0.0111000 ha2016
dates93.5611000 ha2016
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber18 7652016
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle121.21000 heads2016
cattle and buffaloes121.21000 heads2016
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep2 227.41000 heads2016
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats2 254.71000 heads2016
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
equines, total0.4361000 heads2016
horses0.4361000 heads2016
Livestock - Camelids
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
camels436.81000 heads2016
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds23 4501000 heads2016
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
butter1.7491000 t2014
eggs28.51000 t2016
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs762t2016
freshwater fishes46.9t2016
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Energy minerals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
natural gas62 000M m³2017
oil, crude151 4931000 t2017
Mineral resources - Metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chromite251000 t2010
Mineral resources - Non-metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
gypsum7001000 t2015
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal119 445.8M kWh2015
- other renew.297M kWh2015
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal28 7691000 kW2015
- other renew.1351000 kW2015
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation119 742.8M kWh2015
total installed capacity28 9041000 kW2015
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Industry

Industry - Iron and Steel, Metallurgy
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
aluminium2 6001000 t2017
gold, metal36 000kg2014
Industry - Petrochemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
petrol10 006.41000 t2014
Industry - Chemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
ammonia9951000 t2016
nitrogen fertilizers904.81000 t2014
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fish, salted or smoked191000 t2003
groundnut oil0.41000 t2014
Industry - Paper and wood products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
other paper2461000 t2016
paper2461000 t2016
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement16 2601000 t2015
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chemicals production437M US$2004
food, beverages and tobacco production513M US$2002
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fuels20.228% of goods exports2016
manufactures8.241% of goods exports2016
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
India21 843M US$2010
Iran9 320M US$2010
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
India22 651M US$2010
China13 589M US$2010
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2017360 000M US$ -
2016299 000M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2017268 000M US$ -
2016271 000M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures17 127M US$2016
Number of arrivals14 910 000units2016
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown276 800 000km flown2004
Civil aviation, passengers carried95 306.31000 units2017
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers139.982per 1000 pop.2016
Computers331per 1000 pop.2008
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling13.6years2016
Graduates29 217units2016
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level19 073units2016
Teachers, secondary level46 237units2016
Social statistics - Social protection
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Social protection spending5.7% of total expenses2016
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds2.1per 1000 pop.2014
Physicians3per 1000 pop.2014
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Tuberculosis0.79per 100 000 pop.2016
Tuberculosis (prevalence)2.7per 100 000 pop.2014
Research
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Research and development spending0.99% of GDP2016
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking98.51%2016
Access to electricity100%2016
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