Form of Government: Federation of emirates
Area: 83 600 sq km
Population: 9 304 277 inhab. (estimate 2017)
Density: 111.30 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 27° - 22° N; long. 51° - 57° E
Capital: Abu Dhabi=Abū Ẓaby (capital) 1 419 699 inhab. (2018);
Currency: dirham (100 fils)
Human development index: 0.863 (rank: 34)
Sovereign: Khalifa bin Zaid al Nahayan, Emir of Abu Dhabi, since 3 November 2004
Prime Minister: Mohammed bin Rashid al Maktum, Emir of Dubai, since 5 January 2006
Internet: //fcsa.gov.ae (Statistics Authority)
Member of Arab League, GCC, OIC, OPEC, UN, WTO

United Arab Emirates

Al-Imārāt, Al-Imārāt al-’Arabīyah al-Muttaḥidah
Useful information

International license plate code UAE
International dialling code 00971
Travel vaccinations requirement none
Electricity (Voltage) 220
Driving side rigth
Internet code .ae

GMT  +4
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Abu Dhabi 26.3
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Abu Dhabi 18/35
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Abu Dhabi 11/8
Annual average precipitation (mm) Abu Dhabi 55
Days of rainfall (annual average) Abu Dhabi 9

Geography.
The country is bordered by Oman to the east, Saudi Arabia to the south and west; the Arabian Gulf lies off its north coast and the Gulf of Oman lies off about 80 km of its north-east coast. The land consists of flat, barren rock formations, most of which covered with rolling sand dunes. Many islands and coral reefs lie off its coastline. It has a dry climate.

Government


The seven Emirates were known in the past as the “Pirate Coast” (with reference to the widespread activities of the coastal populations) and also as the Trucial States (in reference to a truce made in 1853 with the United Kingdom, which attempted to repress piracy and to control trade with the Indian sub-continent). In 1892 they became a British protectorate. After various attempts at unification, they became independent on 2 December 1971.
According to the 1971 Constitution, amended several times, the state is a federation of hereditary monarchies. The highest federal authority is the Federal Supreme Council (formed by seven Emirs, each one of which is the absolute ruler of his Emirate) which elects the President from among its members (traditionally the Emir of Abu Dhabi). The President then appoints the Prime Minister (traditionally the Emir of Dubai) and the Council of Ministers, which acts as a consultative body for the Federal National Council of 40 members (of which only 20 are elected by limited suffrage). There are no political parties. The Union Defence Force and the armed Forces of the seven Emirates have been formally merged since 1976. However, Abu Dhabi and Dubai have retained a certain amount of autonomy. Military service is voluntary. The country is very active in foreign policy and is present militarily or through financial support in many crisis areas of the region. In Abu Dhabi, a French military base has been present since 2009. The legal system is based on Islamic Law (sharia).

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Air force7.1%2015
Army69.8%2015
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Crimes2 024.2per 100 000 pop.2007
Homicides0.9per 100 000 pop.2016
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Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Dubai=Dubayy2 645 581inhab.2016
Abu Dhabi=Abū Ẓaby1 419 699inhab.2018
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2018)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE

Population growth is significant. Large numbers of foreign workers mean that males are in the majority in terms of the total population.

Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate9.32017
Death rate1.62017
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Asian75%2009
Arab15%2009


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Muslim76.9%2010
Christian12.6%2010


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Arabic
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years14.4%2018
15-29 years14.9%2018


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Economy


Farming is practised in the oases. The Buraimi Oasis (between the Abu Dhabi Emirate and the Sultanate of Oman) is particularly important; the main crops are dates, tomatoes and other vegetables. The breeding of camels, goats and poultry is widespread.
The country has vast reserves of hydrocarbons. The main deposits are on the coast at Murban and Bū Ḥaşā, and are connected by an oil pipeline to Jebel Dhanna. The submarine oilfields of Umm Shaif and Zakum are connected by an oil pipeline to Das Island; there are other offshore fields at Fateh, Satah, Abu al-Bakhush, Umm al-Dalkh and Abu Musa. Natural gas fields are located at Hail and Shuwaihāt; there is a liquefaction plant on Das Island. The main industries are oil-refining (at Fujayrah, Hamriyah, Jebel Ali, Ruwais and Umm al-Nār), chemicals (in Abu Dhabi, Dubai and Sharjah), metalworking and engineering.
Considerable investments have been made to increase water resources: in terms of the numerous desalination plants, the largest is in the harbour city of Jebel Ali. In order to reduce its dependence on the oil sector, part of the profits from the export of hydrocarbons is being invested in an ambitious plan to develop infrastructures. In Abu Dhabi, there is a solar power station with a concentration of 100 MW and 4 nuclear reactors are under construction; in Dubai, a 1 GW photovoltaic plant is under construction.
The creation of free-trade zones has also made it possible to attract a significant amount of foreign capital. Dubai’s port system is highly advanced and is one of the world’s largest re-export centres. International tourism is also relevant in the Emirate of Sharjah, and in Dubai City, where urban development is moving rapidly. Dubai is consolidating its reputation as a centre of international finance.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)101.04index2016
Balance of trade92 500M US$2018
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population6 820 923units2018
Active population, Females15.1%2018
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate2.6%2018
Unemployment rate, Females43.8%2018
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses361 870.5M LCU2017
Revenues396 613.5M LCU2017
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture3.7%2018
industry23.4%2018
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture0.8%2017
industry43.6%2017
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation85.84BN LCU2018
International reserves99 503.3M US$2018
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land0.92%2015
forests3.86%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley0.1291000 t2017
cereals, total6.6441000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes4.9211000 t2017
roots and tubers, total4.9211000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages10.0431000 t2017
carrots and turnips26.2341000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, green1.6061000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grapes0.031000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
tobacco0.2471000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
figs0.5641000 t2017
fruits, total278.6541000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
almonds0.981000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits8.041000 t2017
citrus fruits, nes3.1771000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas0.21000 t2017
dates475.2861000 t2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley0.0161000 ha2017
maize0.2411000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes0.1431000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.2761000 ha2017
carrots and turnips2.131000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, green0.1161000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grape0.0111000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
tobacco0.0171000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
figs0.031000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
almonds0.7571000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits0.3471000 ha2017
citrus fruits, nes0.1741000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas0.011000 ha2017
dates65.0211000 ha2017
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber18 8062017
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle104.5841000 heads2017
cattle and buffaloes104.5841000 heads2017
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep2 208.4511000 heads2017
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats2 264.6991000 heads2017
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
equines, total0.4381000 heads2017
horses0.4381000 heads2017
Livestock - Camelids
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
camels451.4631000 heads2017
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds23 7351000 heads2017
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
butter1.7491000 t2014
eggs561000 t2017
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs680t2017
freshwater fishes38t2017
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Energy minerals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
natural gas62 000M m³2017
oil, crude160 422.91000 t2018
Mineral resources - Metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chromite251000 t2010
Mineral resources - Non-metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
gypsum7001000 t2016
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal121 485.6M kWh2016
- other renew.358M kWh2016
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal28 7691000 kW2016
- other renew.1421000 kW2016
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation121 843.6M kWh2016
total installed capacity28 9111000 kW2016
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Industry

Industry - Iron and Steel, Metallurgy
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
aluminium2 6001000 t2018
gold, metal36 000kg2014
Industry - Petrochemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
petrol10 006.41000 t2014
Industry - Chemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
ammonia9951000 t2016
nitrogen fertilizers933.21000 t2015
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fish, salted or smoked191000 t2003
groundnut oil0.41000 t2014
Industry - Paper and wood products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
other paper2461000 t2017
paper2461000 t2017
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement20 0001000 t2016
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chemicals production437M US$2004
food, beverages and tobacco production513M US$2002
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fuels32.515% of goods exports2017
manufactures9.921% of goods exports2017
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
India21 843M US$2010
Iran9 320M US$2010
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
India22 651M US$2010
China13 589M US$2010
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2018345 500M US$ -
2017314 000M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2018253 000M US$ -
2017268 000M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures17 645M US$2017
Number of arrivals15 790 000units2017
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown276 800 000km flown2004
Civil aviation, passengers carried95 306.31000 units2017
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers139.982per 1000 pop.2016
Computers331per 1000 pop.2008
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling13.6years2016
Graduates29 217units2016
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level19 073units2016
Teachers, secondary level46 237units2016
Social statistics - Social protection
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Social protection spending5.7% of total expenses2016
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds1.4per 1000 pop.2017
Physicians2.5per 1000 pop.2017
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Tuberculosis0.81per 100 000 pop.2017
Tuberculosis (prevalence)2.7per 100 000 pop.2014
Research
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Research and development spending0.99% of GDP2016
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking98.51%2016
Access to electricity100%2017
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