Form of Government: Republic
Area: 21 041 sq km
Population: 6 581 860 inhab. (estimate 2017)
Density: 312.81 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 14° - 13° N; long. 90° - 88° W
Capital: San Salvador (capital) 316 090 inhab. (2007); San Salvador 1 693 186 inhab. (2017), urban agglomeration
Currency: US dollar (since January 1, 2001); colón (out of circulation)
Human development index: 0.674 (rank: 121)
President: Nayib Bukele Ortez (GANA), elected 3 February 2019, in office since 1 June 2019
National Assembly: seats based on the elections of 4 March 2018: ARENA (Nationalist Republican Alliance, right-wing), 35; FMLN (Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front, socialist), 18; GANA (Grand Alliance for National Unity, centre-right), 10; others, 21
Internet: www.digestyc.gob.sv (Dirección General de Estadística)
Member of DR-CAFTA, OAS, UN, WTO

El Salvador

El Salvador, República de El Salvador
Useful information

International license plate code ES
International dialling code 00503
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required only if traveling from a country with risk of transmission); malaria prophylaxis (very low risk confined to some rural areas for which it is recommended or advised)
Electricity (Voltage) 115
Driving side rigth
Internet code .sv

GMT  -6
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) San Salvador 22.2
Average temperature in January/July (°C) San Salvador 22/23
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) San Salvador 6/9
Annual average precipitation (mm) San Salvador 1693
Days of rainfall (annual average) San Salvador 123

Politics and current affairs

The former mayor of the capital, Nayib Bukele, who ran in the presidential elections as an alternative to the two main parties, was elected in the first round of voting (3 February 2019) with 53.1% of the vote.

Geography.
El Salvador is bordered by Honduras to the north-east and east (the River Goascarán marks the border) and by Guatemala to the north-west; the Pacific Ocean lies off its southern coasts. The climate is temperate in the mountains and hot and humid on the coast.

Government


Formerly a Spanish colony, it became independent in 1841. A bloody civil war which broke out in 1979 was brought to an end by the peace agreements of 16 January 1992 between the government and the rebels of the Farabundo Marti National Liberation Front (FMLN). Since 2009, following a succession of right-wing cabinets, the presidency has been occupied by members of the FMLN. According to the Constitution of 15 December 1983, amended several times, the President of the Republic is elected by direct suffrage for a five-year term. Legislative power lies in the hands of the National Assembly (84 members), elected by direct suffrage for three years.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Air force8.2%2015
Army83.6%2015
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Crimes749.4per 100 000 pop.2005
Homicides82.8per 100 000 pop.2016
TOP

Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
San Salvador316 090inhab.2007
Soyapango241 403inhab.2007
Urban agglomerations
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
San Salvador1 693 186inhab.2017
TOP

Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2018)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate18.42017
Death rate6.82017
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mestizo86.5%2007
white12.8%2007


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Catholic47.5%2017
Protestant35.1%2017


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Spanish (official)
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years25.3%2018
15-29 years28.8%2018


TOP

Economy

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)111.49index2016
Balance of trade-5 925.2M US$2018
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population2 851 567units2018
Active population, Females41.3%2018
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate4.4%2018
Unemployment rate, Females35%2018
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses4 994M LCU2018
Revenues4 977M LCU2018
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture18.5%2018
industry21.7%2018
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture6.4%2017
industry27.3%2017
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation0.002BN LCU2018
International reserves3 568.8M US$2018
TOP

Agriculture


Primary sector.
More than 90% of farmsteads are micro-farms which occupy about one-fifth of the total land area. The main export crops are coffee (departments of Usulután, San Miguel, San Salvador and San Vicente) and sugar-cane (departments of San Salvador, Sonsonate and San Vicente). The main products grown to feed the local population are maize, sorghum and dried beans. Cattle are reared on large farms on the coastal plain. The forests are a source of prized timber.

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land46.58%2015
forests12.79%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total1 0261000 t2017
maize9041000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava26.8481000 t2017
potatoes16.3331000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.4461000 t2017
chillies and peppers9.6121000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry111.9481000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Olive
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
olives11.0781000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
castor oil seed01000 t2017
sesame seed0.8581000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts61.371000 t2017
copra2.41000 t2005
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa0.3571000 t2017
coffee39.461000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane7 155.6991000 t2017
tobacco1.771000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton0.2651000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Fiber plants
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
jute1.4251000 t2014
sisal2.0831000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples56.231000 t2017
fruits, total294.5571000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cashew nuts1.0151000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits93.9141000 t2017
lemons19.1191000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados11.6311000 t2017
bananas41.51000 t2012
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize299.6321000 ha2017
rice3.7851000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava2.0931000 ha2017
potatoes0.5811000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.0991000 ha2017
chillies and peppers0.4171000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry123.1151000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Olive
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
olive5.1851000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
castor oil seed01000 ha2017
sesame seed1.1471000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts31000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa0.81000 ha2017
coffee128.0351000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane81.2471000 ha2017
tobacco0.8441000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton0.141000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Fiber plants
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
jute1.9261000 ha2014
sisal5.1121000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples8.471000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cashew nuts1.5851000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits4.0621000 ha2017
lemons1.4791000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados0.6821000 ha2017
bananas2.851000 ha2012
TOP

Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber4 834 5682017
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle962.8891000 heads2017
cattle and buffaloes962.8891000 heads2017
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs281.9651000 heads2017
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep5.2881000 heads2017
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats14.4551000 heads2017
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses3.2451000 heads2017
asses and mules27.3341000 heads2017
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds17 0721000 heads2017
Livestock - Beekeeping
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
honey1.8061000 t2014
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
butter0.2051000 t2014
cheese2.9521000 t2014
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs2 136t2017
freshwater fishes7 571t2017
TOP

Minerals


Secondary and tertiary sector.
El Salvador is poor in mineral resources (gold and silver in Montecristo), and in 2017, a law was introduced prohibiting mining activity. Economic growth is sustained by exports (food products and clothing).
The main industries include sugar refineries, cigar factories, paper mills, cement factories (Metapán), fertilizer plants and an oil refinery (at Acajutla). There are call center services on behalf of US companies. With regard to the balance of payments, remittances from migrant workers are essential to the economy. In 2001, the US dollar was adopted as a legal currency in addition to the Colón.

Mineral resources - Non-metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
gypsum61000 t2010
salt301000 t2009
Mineral resources - Rocks
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
limestone1 2001000 t2011
pozzolan - cu m2001000 m³2009
TOP

Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal2 354.7M kWh2016
- other renew.2 218M kWh2016
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal1 0091000 kW2016
- other renew.502.41000 kW2016
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation5 829.7M kWh2016
total installed capacity1 983.41000 kW2016
TOP

Industry

Industry - Iron and Steel, Metallurgy
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
aluminium2.51000 t2006
lead101000 t2009
Industry - Machinery and transport equipment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bikes18 000no.2004
Industry - Petrochemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bitumen311000 t2000
petrol119.71000 t2012
Industry - Chemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
nitrogen fertilizers3.71000 t2004
phosphate fertilizers101000 t2008
Industry - Textiles
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cotton fabrics - m2.8M m2004
cotton yarn11.31000 t2004
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley150.41000 t2014
coconut oil1.31000 t2014
Industry - Paper and wood products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
newsprint141000 t2017
other paper101.2081000 t2017
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement1 0001000 t2016
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chemicals production331M US$2004
food, beverages and tobacco production1 289M US$2004
TOP

Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufactures76.813% of goods exports2018
food products17.560% of goods exports2018
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
United States2 176M US$2010
Guatemala628.9M US$2010
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
United States3 130M US$2010
Guatemala802.5M US$2010
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20185 905M US$ -
20175 760M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
201811 830M US$ -
201710 572M US$ -
TOP

Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures466M US$2017
Number of arrivals1 556 000units2017
TOP

Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown28 900 000km flown2009
Civil aviation, passengers carried2 670.61000 units2017
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers69.416per 1000 pop.2017
Computers57.8per 1000 pop.2005
TOP

Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling11.7years2017
Graduates23 165units2017
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level23 987units2017
Teachers, secondary level19 254units2017
Social statistics - Social protection
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Social protection spending18.3% of total expenses2016
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds1.3per 1000 pop.2014
Physicians1.6per 1000 pop.2013
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV0.6% of adults2017
HIV, total0.4%2001
Museums
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Archaeological sites4units2008
Archaeological sites, visitors146 059units2008
Research
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Research and development spending0.1% of GDP2016
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking86%2016
Access to electricity99.490%2017
TOP