Form of Government: Republic
Area: 21 041 sq km
Population: 6 581 860 inhab. (estimate 2017)
Density: 312.81 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 14° - 13° N; long. 90° - 88° W
Capital: San Salvador (capital) 316 090 inhab. (2007); San Salvador 1 693 186 inhab. (2017), urban agglomeration
Currency: US dollar (since January 1, 2001); colón (out of circulation)
Human development index: 0.68 (rank: 117)
President: Salvador Sánchez Cerén (FMLN), elected 9 March 2014, in office since 1 June 2014
National Assembly: seats based on the elections of 4 March 2018: ARENA (Nationalist Republican Alliance, right-wing), 35; FMLN (Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front, socialist), 18; GANA (Grand Alliance for National Unity, centre-right), 10; others, 21
Internet: www.digestyc.gob.sv (Dirección General de Estadística)
Member of DR-CAFTA, OAS, UN, WTO

El Salvador

El Salvador, República de El Salvador
Useful information

International license plate code ES
International dialling code 00503
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required only if traveling from a country with risk of transmission); malaria prophylaxis (very low risk confined to some rural areas for which it is recommended or advised)
Electricity (Voltage) 115
Driving side rigth
Internet code .sv

GMT  -6
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) San Salvador 22.2
Average temperature in January/July (°C) San Salvador 22/23
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) San Salvador 6/9
Annual average precipitation (mm) San Salvador 1693
Days of rainfall (annual average) San Salvador 123

Geography.
El Salvador is bordered by Honduras to the north-east and east (the River Goascarán marks the border) and by Guatemala to the north-west; the Pacific Ocean lies off its southern coasts. The climate is temperate in the mountains and hot and humid on the coast.

Government


Formerly a Spanish colony, it became independent in 1841. A bloody civil war which broke out in 1979 was brought to an end by the peace agreements of 16 January 1992 between the government and the rebels of the Farabundo Marti National Liberation Front (FMLN). Since 2009, following a succession of right-wing cabinets, the presidency has been occupied by members of the FMLN.
According to the Constitution of 15 December 1983, amended several times, the President of the Republic is elected by direct suffrage for a five-year term. Legislative power lies in the hands of the National Assembly (84 members), elected by direct suffrage for three years.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Air force8.2%2015
Army83.6%2015
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Crimes749.4per 100 000 pop.2005
Homicides108.6per 100 000 pop.2015
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Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
San Salvador316 090inhab.2007
Soyapango241 403inhab.2007
Urban agglomerations
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
San Salvador1 693 186inhab.2017
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2017)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate18.52016
Death rate6.72016
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mestizo86.5%2007
white12.8%2007


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Catholic47.5%2017
Protestant35.1%2017


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Spanish (official)
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years25.9%2017
15-29 years29%2017


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Economy

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)111.49index2016
Balance of trade-4 833M US$2017
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population2 844 187units2017
Active population, Females41.8%2017
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate4.5%2017
Unemployment rate, Females35.7%2017
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses4 425.5M LCU2015
Revenues4 138.7M LCU2015
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture18.8%2017
industry21.2%2017
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture11%2016
industry26.5%2016
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation0.002BN LCU2017
International reserves3 567.3M US$2017
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Agriculture


Primary sector.
More than 90% of farmsteads are micro-farms which occupy about one-fifth of the total land area. The main export crops are coffee (departments of Usulután, San Miguel, San Salvador and San Vicente) and sugar-cane (departments of San Salvador, Sonsonate and San Vicente). The main products grown to feed the local population are maize, sorghum and dried beans.
Cattle are reared on large farms on the coastal plain.
The forests are a source of prized timber.

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land46.58%2015
forests12.79%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total1 072.9621000 t2016
maize923.4721000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava34.7651000 t2016
potatoes13.3041000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.3971000 t2016
chillies and peppers9.1751000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry120.6491000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Olive
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
olives10.841000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
castor oil seed01000 t2016
sesame seed0.6141000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts65.3291000 t2016
copra2.41000 t2005
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa0.3411000 t2016
coffee38.6361000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane7 202.1411000 t2016
tobacco1.7391000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton0.0581000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Fiber plants
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
jute1.4251000 t2014
sisal2.1151000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples51.7141000 t2016
fruits, total294.5571000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cashew nuts0.9461000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits92.5391000 t2016
lemons18.1041000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados10.5371000 t2016
bananas41.51000 t2012
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize303.5221000 ha2016
rice3.9851000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava2.261000 ha2016
potatoes0.5211000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.0911000 ha2016
chillies and peppers0.4111000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry124.2491000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Olive
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
olive5.2271000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
castor oil seed01000 ha2016
sesame seed0.8391000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts3.8051000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa0.9411000 ha2016
coffee1401000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane79.1031000 ha2016
tobacco0.8771000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton0.041000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Fiber plants
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
jute1.9261000 ha2014
sisal4.9571000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples7.8051000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cashew nuts1.8021000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits3.971000 ha2016
lemons1.3941000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados0.6441000 ha2016
bananas2.851000 ha2012
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber4 853 7022016
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle941.7031000 heads2016
cattle and buffaloes941.7031000 heads2016
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs228.8411000 heads2016
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep5.2821000 heads2016
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats14.3851000 heads2016
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses3.251000 heads2016
asses and mules27.3451000 heads2016
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds17 0361000 heads2016
Livestock - Beekeeping
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
honey1.8061000 t2014
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
butter0.2051000 t2014
cheese2.9521000 t2014
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs2 102.68t2016
freshwater fishes7 564t2016
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Minerals


Secondary and tertiary sector.
El Salvador is poor in mineral resources (gold and silver in Montecristo), and in 2017, a law was introduced prohibiting mining activity.
Economic growth is sustained by exports (food products and clothing).
The main industries include sugar refineries, cigar factories, paper mills, cement factories, fertilizer plants and an oil refinery (at Acajutla). There are call center services on behalf of US companies. With regard to the balance of payments, remittances from migrant workers are essential to the economy. In 2001, the US dollar was adopted as a legal currency in addition to the Colón.

Mineral resources - Non-metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
gypsum61000 t2010
salt301000 t2009
Mineral resources - Rocks
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
limestone1 2001000 t2011
pozzolan - cu m2001000 m³2009
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal2 459M kWh2015
- other renew.2 110M kWh2015
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal9521000 kW2015
- hydro4721000 kW2015
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation5 918M kWh2015
total installed capacity1 846.41000 kW2015
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Industry

Industry - Iron and Steel, Metallurgy
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
aluminium2.51000 t2006
lead101000 t2009
Industry - Machinery and transport equipment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bikes18 000no.2004
Industry - Petrochemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bitumen311000 t2000
petrol119.71000 t2012
Industry - Chemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
nitrogen fertilizers3.71000 t2004
phosphate fertilizers101000 t2008
Industry - Textiles
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cotton fabrics - m2.8M m2004
cotton yarn11.31000 t2004
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley150.41000 t2014
coconut oil1.31000 t2014
Industry - Paper and wood products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
newsprint141000 t2016
other paper101.2081000 t2016
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement1 0001000 t2015
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chemicals production331M US$2004
food, beverages and tobacco production1 289M US$2004
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufactures77.821% of goods exports2016
food products18.356% of goods exports2016
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
United States2 176M US$2010
Guatemala628.9M US$2010
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
United States3 130M US$2010
Guatemala802.5M US$2010
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20175 760.01M US$ -
20165 419.57M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
201710 592.79M US$ -
20169 829.3M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures451M US$2016
Number of arrivals1 434 000units2016
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown28 900 000km flown2009
Civil aviation, passengers carried2 670.61000 units2017
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers69.416per 1000 pop.2017
Computers57.8per 1000 pop.2005
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling12.9years2015
Graduates22 404units2016
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level25 165units2016
Teachers, secondary level19 509units2016
Social statistics - Social protection
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Social protection spending18.3% of total expenses2016
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds1.1per 1000 pop.2012
Physicians1.6per 1000 pop.2013
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV0.6% of adults2016
HIV, total0.4%2001
Museums
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Archaeological sites4units2008
Archaeological sites, visitors146 059units2008
Research
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Research and development spending0.13% of GDP2015
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking86%2016
Access to electricity98.618%2016
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