Form of Government: Presidential republic
Area: 1 010 408 sq km
Population: 97 147 368 inhab. (estimate 2018)
Density: 96.15 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 32° - 22° N; long. 24° - 37° E
Capital: Cairo=Al-Qāhirah (capital) 9 293 612 inhab. (2018); Greater Cairo 20 076 000 inhab. (2018), urban agglomeration
Currency: Egyptian pound (100 piastres)
Human development index: 0.696 (rank: 115)
President: Abdel Fattah el-Sisi (independent), elected 28 May 2014, in office since 8 June 2014, reconfirmed 26-28 March 2018
Prime Minister: Muṣṭafā Madbūlī (independent), since 7 June 2018
House of Representatives: seats based on the elections of 17 October-2 December 2015: Free Egyptians Party (liberal), 65; Nation's Future Party (populist), 53; New Wafd (nationalist-liberal), 36; Homeland Defenders Party, 18; Republican People's Party, 13; Conference Party, 12; Al-Nour Party (Salafi Islamism), 11; independents, 351; others, 37
Internet: www.capmas.gov.eg (Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics)
Member of Arab League, AU, COMESA, EBRD, OAS observer, OIC, UN, WTO

Egypt

Mișr, Jumhūrīyat Mișr al-‘Arabīyah
Useful information

International license plate code ET
International dialling code 0020
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required only if traveling from a country with risk of transmission)
Electricity (Voltage) 220
Driving side rigth
Internet code .eg

GMT  +2
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Cairo 21.3; Assuan 25.6; Hurghada 21.9; Luxor 24.5
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Cairo 14/28; Assuan 14.5/33.5; Hurghada 15.5/29.5; Luxor 14/32.5
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Cairo 11/7; Assuan 12/9.5; Hurghada 11.5/8; Luxor 12/9.5
Annual average precipitation (mm) Cairo 26; Assuan 0; Hurghada 5; Luxor 1
Days of rainfall (annual average) Cairo 6; Assuan 0; Hurghada 0; Luxor 0

Politics and current affairs

A referendum held on 20/22 April 2019 approved changes to the constitution that will allow President el-Sisi to run again in 2024. Furthermore, the Senate will also be restored, the power of the executive branch has grown and the president’s mandate was extended to six years, during which he can appoint high judicial positions.

Geography.
Egypt is bordered by Israel and Gaza Strip to the north-east, by Sudan to the south, by Libya to the west; the Mediterranean Sea lies off its northern coast and the Red Sea off its east coast. The cultivated and inhabited area of the country lies along the valley of the River Nile. The section of the Nile to the north of the second cataract flows through Egypt. The valley itself and the area of the Nile Delta occupy a small part of the country, the rest of which is desert. The eastern part of Egypt comprises the Sinai Peninsula, situated between the Gulf of Suez and the Gulf of Aqaba. It has a desert climate with very high temperatures. The Ḥalā’ib Triangle, along the south-eastern border, is disputed with Sudan.

Government


Formerly a British protectorate, Egypt became a formally independent monarchy on 18 February 1922. On 18 June 1953, it was declared a republic and, in 1954, Colonel Gamal Abd el-Nasser seized power. In 1956, Nasser announced the nationalization of the Suez Canal Company. This led to armed intervention by France, the United Kingdom and Israel (the Suez Crisis). Israeli troops occupied the Gaza Strip (formerly part of Palestine and governed by Egypt from 1948-1949) and the Sinai Peninsula. Decisive action taken by the United Nations, with the consensus of the USA and USSR, forced Israel to withdraw. In 1967, a new war broke out with Israel (the “Six-Day War”), ending in Egypt’s defeat and the Israeli occupation of the Sinai and Gaza. In an effort to free Sinai, in 1973, Egypt re-opened hostilities with the “War of Yom Kippur”. In 1978, the Egyptian President, Anwar el-Sadat, and the Israeli Premier Menachem Begin signed the peace accord at Camp David which restored Sinai to Egypt but not Gaza (Gaza subsequently came under Palestinian administration). After the assassination of President Sadat (1981) by an Islamic extremist group, his Vice-President Hosni Mubarak, took his place. He held absolute power for 30 years until 11 February 2011, when he handed in his resignation when widespread demonstrations demanded that he should step down.
The first free presidential elections (16-17 June 2012) were won by Mohamed Morsi, the candidate backed by the Muslim Brotherhood Islamic party, who had also won by a landslide in the 2011-12 legislative elections. In 2013, after growing street protests, the army led by the minister of defence Abdel Fattah el-Sisi removed President Morsi from office (on 3 July) and appointed in his stead Adly Mansour, head of the Supreme Constitutional Court, effectively taking control of the country. Supporters of the ousted President Morsi staged large demonstrations led by the Muslim Brotherhood (organization which was officially disbanded by a court in September 2013); the harsh repression by the police resulted in hundreds of victims.
In the presidential elections on 26/27 May 2014, Abdel Fattah el-Sisi won a landslide majority, inaugurating a regime that has repressed dissent and limited civil liberties.
The country aspires to have a leading role in the fight against Islamic armed groups in its interior (Sinai) and in nearby countries, mainly in Libya, where Egypt has actively intervened since 2015.
According to the Constitution approved in 2014 and amended in 2019, the President, who holds executive powers, is elected by direct suffrage for a six-year term and can be re-elected only once. The Parliament is made up of a House of Representatives (450 members, elected for five years, with 112 seats reserved for women) and a Senate, re-established in 2019, which will consist of 120 elected members and 60 appointed by the President.


Defence and justice.
In addition to the armed forces, there are two paramilitary corps: the Central Security Forces and the National Guard. The legal system combines features of British Common Law, the Napoleonic Codes and Islamic Law.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Air force25.1%2015
Army70.7%2015
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Crimes4.2per 100 000 pop.2008
Homicides2.5per 100 000 pop.2012
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Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Cairo=Al-Qāhirah9 293 612inhab.2018
Alexandria=Al-Iskandarīyah5 107 530inhab.2018
Urban agglomerations
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Greater Cairo20 076 000inhab.2018
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2018)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate24.52018
Death rate5.82018
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Egyptian99.6%2006
other0.4%2006


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Muslim94.9%2010
Coptic Orthodox4.6%2010


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Arabic (official)
English
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years33.4%2018
15-29 years28%2018


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Economy


Economic situation.
In 2018-19, the growth rate increased following a drive in private consumption and an increase in investments and gas exports. Since 2014, the government has been engaged in an extensive reform program to stimulate the economy: in October 2016, a value-added tax was introduced, and in November, the Egyptian pound was allowed to fluctuate freely; measures were also taken to encourage foreign investments and reduce spending. The public debt remains very high despite the fact that the deficit in the public accounts is shrinking. Inflation, caused by the devaluation of the pound, is dropping, as is the deficit of the current accounts. Inflation and subsidy cuts have, however, created widespread discontent among the people, who are already reeling from high unemployment and unequal wealth distribution.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)124.43index2016
Balance of trade-44 376M US$2018
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population31 853 534units2018
Active population, Females23.7%2018
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate11.4%2018
Unemployment rate, Females47.9%2018
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses1 205 728M LCU2018
Revenues834 622M LCU2018
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture24.9%2018
industry26.6%2018
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture11.7%2017
industry34.3%2017
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation477.22BN LCU2018
International reserves41 839.2M US$2018
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Agriculture


Primary sector.
In Egypt agriculture is dependent on irrigation. Cultivated land is limited to the area of the Nile Delta and the Nile Valley. Since the land will yield as many as three crops a year, the crops are known by special names, depending on the season: shetwi are winter crops (wheat, forage, beans, barley, onions, linen), sefi are summer crops (cotton, rice, maize, sugar-cane, peanuts, sesame), nili are autumn crops (rice and maize). Cotton of the long-fibre variety is mainly grown in the Nile Delta.
In terms of value, the most important crops include: vegetables (especially tomatoes), rice, grapes, wheat, citrus fruit, sugar cane and dates. Fishing is practiced inland (tilapia, catfish, carp), in the Mediterranean (sardines, shrimp, mullet) and in the Red Sea (round scad, sardines, anchovy), and through farming industries (tilapia, mullet).

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land3.84%2015
forests0.07%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley115.4781000 t2017
cereals, total23 216.8241000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes4 325.4781000 t2017
roots and tubers, total4 839.6131000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
artichokes185.6951000 t2017
cabbages564.791000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry98.1321000 t2017
beans, green283.521000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grapes1 703.3941000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Olive
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
olives927.5951000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts1991000 t2017
sesame seed441000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar beet12 106.6611000 t2017
sugar cane15 260.5971000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton3001000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Flax
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
flax fibre and tow8.1231000 t2017
linseed51000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Fiber plants
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
jute2.5081000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples798.5741000 t2017
apricots96.2261000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
walnuts24.3551000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits4 396.2421000 t2017
citrus fruits, nes6.2191000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas1 228.4581000 t2017
dates1 590.4141000 t2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley31.6121000 ha2017
maize920.6011000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes163.9391000 ha2017
sweet potatoes13.0871000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
artichokes10.1591000 ha2017
cabbages18.3271000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry39.6651000 ha2017
beans, green27.2551000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grape77.8951000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Olive
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
olive81.0391000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts621000 ha2017
sesame seed341000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar beet236.7321000 ha2017
sugar cane135.4041000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton911000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Flax
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
flax fibre and tow9.2011000 ha2017
linseed31000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Fiber plants
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
jute1.0191000 ha2014
Agriculture - areas harvested - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples30.3631000 ha2017
apricots6.2711000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
walnuts4.6851000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits181.0691000 ha2017
citrus fruits, nes0.4451000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas28.6671000 ha2017
dates49.5221000 ha2017
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber18 067 5502017
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle5 064.5091000 heads2017
cattle and buffaloes8 440.2361000 heads2017
Livestock - Buffaloes
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
buffaloes3 375.7271000 heads2017
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs9.4931000 heads2017
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep5 697.7161000 heads2017
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats4 351.5451000 heads2017
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses1 493.3691000 heads2017
asses and mules1 496.0271000 heads2017
Livestock - Camelids
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
camels149.2241000 heads2017
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds174 0771000 heads2017
Livestock - Beekeeping
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
honey5.4431000 t2014
Livestock - Silk farming
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
silk, raw0.0071000 t2014
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
butter121.91000 t2014
cheese628.751000 t2014
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs31 771t2017
freshwater fishes1 362 738t2017
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Minerals


Secondary sector
Minerals.
Egypt’s main mineral resources are hydrocarbons: its petroleum deposits lie in the area of the Red Sea, Sinai (Abū Zanīmah, Abū Rudays, Alma and Wādī Fayrān), the Gulf of Suez (Balā’im Barrī, Morgan, Garra, July, Amal, Ra’s Badrān, Ramaḍān) and El Alamein (Abū al Gharādīq, Umm Barakah, Māliḥah); there are natural gas fields at Abū Māḍī, Abū Qīr, Abū al Gharādīq and Obayed, off Port Said (Zohr).
The main oil pipelines run from Suez to Cairo, and from Suez to Alexandria via Cairo (320 km). There are also deposits of phosphates, manganese, iron ore and coal. There are working saltpans along the Mediterranean coast.
Energy and industry.
The largest thermoelectric power plants are at Cairo, Alexandria, Banī Suwayf, Damietta, Port Said and Suez. Most of the hydroelectric power produced is generated by the facilities at Aswan. The main iron and steel centres are Ḥulwān and Ad Dukhaylah; aluminium is produced at Naj’Ḥammādī. Oil refineries are located at Alexandria, Asyūṭ, Cairo (Mostorod), Suez and Ṭanṭā; two natural gas liquefaction plants operate in Damietta and Idku, on the Mediterranean coast.
The main products of the chemical industry are fertilizers and superphosphates (at Aswan, Kafr-az-Zayyāt, Suez, Alexandria and Ḥulwān). Vehicle assembly at Ḥulwān. There are numerous cotton factories (in Alexandria, Cairo, Al-Maḥallah al-Kubrā, Kafr ad-Dawwār, Damietta, Port Said and Az-Zaqāzīq), silk factories (at Damietta and Cairo), wool and jute factories (Shubrā al-Khaymah, Bilbays), and rayon-processing factories (at Misr and Kafr ad-Dawwār).
Other important activities include tobacco-processing, sugar production (at Kawm Umbū, Armant, Naj’Ḥammādī, Abū Qurqāṣ, Ash Shaykh Faḍl and Al-Ḥawāmidīyah), paper (at Alexandria) and cement (Al-‘Arish, Alexandria, Aswān, Asyūṭ, Cairo, Banī Suwayf, Ḥulwān, Qinā, Samālūt and Suez).

Mineral resources - Energy minerals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coal441000 t2015
coal, total441000 t2015
Mineral resources - Metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
ilmenite201000 t2015
iron ore1 5001000 t2016
Mineral resources - Non-metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barite81000 t2016
bentonite40.21000 t2016
Mineral resources - Rocks
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
dolomite201000 t2015
kaolin2321000 t2016
Mineral resources - Precious metals and stones
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
gold17 139kg2016
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal167 922.54M kWh2016
- hydro13 325M kWh2016
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal41 3201000 kW2016
- hydro2 8501000 kW2016
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation183 475.54M kWh2016
total installed capacity45 1151000 kW2016
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Industry

Industry - Iron and Steel, Metallurgy
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
aluminium3001000 t2017
coke, metall.2171000 t2016
Industry - Machinery and transport equipment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cars19 500no.2018
commercial vehicles52 100no.2018
Industry - Electrical and electronics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
air conditioners981 000no.2016
computers12 343no.2015
Industry - Petrochemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bitumen6051000 t2016
petrol4 673.71000 t2014
Industry - Chemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
ammonia2 8001000 t2018
artificial tow3.41000 t2001
Industry - Textiles
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
carpets7 095.31000 m²2015
cotton fabrics10.3M m²2016
Industry - Clothing and footwear
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
footwear1 087 000pairs2015
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley1001000 t2014
cottonseed oil21.21000 t2014
Industry - Tobacco
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cigarettes99 600M units2017
cigars and cigarettes99 600M units2017
Industry - Paper and wood products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chemical pulp411000 t2017
chemi-mechanical pulp411000 t2017
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement55 0001000 t2018
sheet glass - t220.21000 t2017
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chemicals production4 535.6M US$2016
food, beverages and tobacco production7 377.6M US$2016
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Trade


Main exports
(M US$ - 2017) crude oil and petroleum products 4 623, fruit and vegetables 2 336, gold 2 107, electrical and electronic equipment 1 728, plastics 1 507, apparel and accessories 1 377


Finance and banking.
The Central Bank of Egypt carries out the functions of the country’s central bank. The stock exchanges are located in Cairo and Alexandria.

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufactures51.703% of goods exports2018
fuels25.853% of goods exports2018
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Italy2 053M US$2018
Turkey2 016M US$2018
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
China11 517M US$2018
Saudi Arabia5 671M US$2018
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
201827 624M US$ -
201725 604M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
201872 000M US$ -
201761 627M US$ -
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Tourism


Tourism. Tourism is one of the main sources of foreign currency, but it is sensitive to the country’s political situation. The most popular destinations, apart from the capital, are the archaeological sites along the Nile (Abu Simbel, Luxor, Thebes, Memphis and Giza) and the Red Sea coastal resorts (Sharm el-Sheikh, Hurghada and Marsa Alam).

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures2 419M US$2017
Number of arrivals8 157 000units2017
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Communications


Transport.
The road and railway networks have been developed almost exclusively in the Nile Valley and the Nile Delta. The River Nile and its many canals are used intensively by shipping.
Suez Canal.
Opened on 17 November 1869 and nationalized on 26 July 1956, the canal is managed by the Suez Canal Authority. On 6 August 2014, the doubling with a new 72 km waterway was inaugurated. Total length: 193 km; width at 11 m deep: 205-225 m; depth: 24 m; maximum draught allowed: 20 m; time to travel: approximately 11 hours; full capacity: about 97 ships/day.


Media and telecommunication.
Egypt is one of the principal centres of radio, television and film production in Africa.

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown68 700 000km flown2004
Civil aviation, passengers carried12 017.21000 units2017
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers53.543per 1000 pop.2017
Computers39.2per 1000 pop.2008
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Social and welfare


Education and culture.

Education is compulsory and free between the ages of 6 and 14; primary schooling lasts for six years, while secondary schooling is divided into two cycles of 3 years. The Al-Azhar University in Cairo is the Arab world’s leading university.

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling13.1years2016
Graduates428 629units2016
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level511 478units2017
Teachers, secondary level587 512units2017
Social statistics - Social protection
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Social protection spending29% of total expenses2015
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds1.3per 1000 pop.2017
Physicians1.1per 1000 pop.2017
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV-0.1% of adults2017
HIV, total0.01%2001
Museums
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Archaeological sites145units2016
Archaeological sites, visitors8 109 000units2016
Research
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Research and development spending0.6% of GDP2017
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking97.62%2016
Access to electricity100%2017
Household consumption expenditure
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clothing, footwear5.6%2015
education4.8%2015
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