Form of Government: Republic
Area: 48 311 sq km
Population: 10 169 172 inhab. (estimate 2017)
Density: 210.49 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 20° - 18° N; long. 72° - 68° W
Capital: Santo Domingo (capital) 3 172 152 inhab. (2018);
Currency: Dominican peso (100 centavos)
Human development index: 0.736 (rank: 94)
President and head of government: Danilo Medina Sánchez (PLD), elected 20 May 2012, in office since 16 August 2012, last re-elected 15 May 2016
Chamber of Deputies: seats based on the elections of 15 May 2016: PLD (Dominican Liberation Party), 106; PRM (Modern Revolutionary Party), 42; PRSC (Social Christian Reformist Party), 18; PRD (Dominican Revolutionary Party), 16; others, 8
Internet: www.one.gob.do (Oficina Nacional de Estadística)
Member of DR-CAFTA, OAS, UN, WTO

Dominican Republic

República Dominicana
Useful information

International license plate code DOM
International dialling code 001809
Travel vaccinations requirement malaria prophylaxis (low risk confined to some areas for which it is recommended or advised)
Electricity (Voltage) 110
Driving side rigth
Internet code .do

GMT  -4
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Santo Domingo 26.5
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Santo Domingo 24/26.5
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Santo Domingo 6/6
Annual average precipitation (mm) Santo Domingo 1370
Days of rainfall (annual average) Santo Domingo 110

Geography.
It lies in the eastern part of the island of Hispaniola and is bordered by Haiti to the west. The Cordillera Central crosses the centre of this rather mountainous country from east to west. The climate is tropical, with abundant rainfall.

Government


Formerly a Spanish colony, and having gained independence on 27 February 1844, the Dominican Republic was occupied by the USA from 1916 until 1924. After the dictatorship of General Rafael Trujillo (1930-61), in 1962, Juan Bosch, reformer and founder of the PRD, was elected President. He was deposed by a military coup (1963); after military intervention (1965), the USA established the long regime of J.A. Balaguer, leader of the PRSC. According to the 2015 Constitution, executive power rests with the President of the Republic, who is elected by direct vote for a four-year term; legislative power is in the hands of the National Congress (the Chamber of Deputies with 190 members and the Senate with 32 members elected for four-year terms).

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Air force28.7%2015
Army51.3%2015
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Crimes1 499.8per 100 000 pop.2006
Homicides15.2per 100 000 pop.2016
TOP

Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Santo Domingo3 172 152inhab.2018
Santiago de los Caballeros591 985inhab.2010
TOP

Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2018)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE

There is a large Haitian minority.

Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate19.22017
Death rate4.12017
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mestizo58%2014
black15.8%2014


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Catholic57%2015
Protestant25%2015


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Spanish
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years27.6%2018
15-29 years27%2018


TOP

Economy


Strong economic growth is supported by tourism, construction, domestic demand and activities in the special economic zones. Most of the country’s exports go to the United States, the country’s main trading partner. Spending cuts and a fiscal reform have lowered the high deficit. Some commercial crops are cultivated (tobacco, sugar cane, cocoa and fruit), whereas rice, maize and cassava are grown to feed the local population. There is plentiful pasture for livestock farming. The main mineral resource is nickel (in Bonao); gold and silver are also mined. The most common industries are those associated with the processing of agricultural produce; there are cement factories and an oil refinery (Santo Domingo). Tourism, tax-free zones and remittances from migrant workers are fundamental to the economy.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)144.75index2016
Balance of trade-9 195M US$2018
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population4 952 136units2018
Active population, Females40.3%2018
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate13.3%2016
Unemployment rate, Females56.8%2018
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses685 531M LCU2018
Revenues602 408.5M LCU2018
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture9.5%2018
industry19.4%2018
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture6.1%2017
industry29.2%2017
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation146.57BN LCU2018
International reserves7 717.6M US$2018
TOP

Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land23.91%2015
forests41.04%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total633.4451000 t2017
maize44.0071000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava173.7951000 t2017
potatoes84.1621000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages40.9421000 t2017
carrots and turnips45.5231000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry35.7771000 t2017
broad beans, dry12.8161000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts6.3321000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruits429.4861000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts390.9391000 t2017
copra121000 t2006
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa86.5991000 t2017
coffee15.2411000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane5 460.7611000 t2017
tobacco8.7971000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Fiber plants
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sisal0.031000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total3 756.7061000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cashew nuts0.7441000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits169.8791000 t2017
grapefruits7.2851000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados637.6881000 t2017
bananas1 145.1491000 t2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize25.7121000 ha2017
rice174.3891000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava23.6851000 ha2017
potatoes3.151000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.821000 ha2017
carrots and turnips1.921000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry36.711000 ha2017
broad beans, dry9.591000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts4.6841000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruit30.881000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts50.1161000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa150.9431000 ha2017
coffee96.1391000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane114.7421000 ha2017
tobacco6.3861000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Fiber plants
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sisal0.1811000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cashew nuts6.721000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits17.5881000 ha2017
grapefruits0.421000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados14.5711000 ha2017
bananas27.2271000 ha2017
TOP

Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
natural rubber55t2017
timber1 017 1262017
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle3 0001000 heads2017
cattle and buffaloes3 0001000 heads2017
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs6701000 heads2017
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep2501000 heads2017
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats224.5331000 heads2017
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses155.7561000 heads2017
asses and mules300.9091000 heads2017
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds184 0001000 heads2017
Livestock - Beekeeping
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
honey51000 t2013
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
butter21000 t2014
cheese4.51000 t2014
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs4 201t2017
freshwater fishes2 771t2017
TOP

Minerals

Mineral resources - Metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bauxite7.31000 t2016
copper9.61000 t2017
Mineral resources - Non-metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clay - cu m138.91000 m³2017
gypsum - m³68.71000 m³2017
Mineral resources - Rocks
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
limestone - cu m1 911.31000 m³2015
marble0.9621000 m³2016
Mineral resources - Precious metals and stones
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
gold33 910kg2017
silver147 050kg2017
TOP

Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal15 386.86M kWh2016
- hydro1 500M kWh2016
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal2 9741000 kW2016
- hydro6121000 kW2016
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation18 033.86M kWh2016
total installed capacity3 8391000 kW2016
TOP

Industry

Industry - Iron and Steel, Metallurgy
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
ferroalloys24.11000 t2013
nickel9.91000 t2016
Industry - Petrochemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
petrol437.11000 t2014
Industry - Chemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
paints80.21000 t2018
potassic fertilizers15.81000 t2008
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley439.31000 t2014
coconut oil7.31000 t2014
Industry - Tobacco
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cigarettes1 916.6M units2018
cigars and cigarettes1 916.6M units2018
Industry - Paper and wood products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
other paper1301000 t2017
paper1301000 t2017
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement5 429.61000 t2018
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chemicals production128M US$2004
food, beverages and tobacco production2 638M US$2004
TOP

Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufactures69.159% of goods exports2017
food products27.762% of goods exports2017
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
United States2 748M US$2010
Haiti758M US$2010
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
United States5 918M US$2010
China1 617M US$2010
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
201810 965M US$ -
201710 121M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
201820 160M US$ -
201717 700M US$ -
TOP

Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures941M US$2017
Number of arrivals6 188 000units2017
TOP

Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, passengers carried11.91000 units2016
Merchant fleet23units2018
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers73.043per 1000 pop.2017
Computers35.2per 1000 pop.2007
TOP

Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling14.2years2017
Graduates59 531units2017
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level66 255units2017
Teachers, secondary level49 593units2017
Social statistics - Social protection
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Social protection spending19.5% of total expenses2003
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds0.95per 1000 pop.2017
Physicians1.5per 1000 pop.2017
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV0.9% of adults2017
HIV, total1.5%2001
Museums
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Museums27units2017
Museums, visitors772 251units2017
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking90.41%2016
Access to electricity100%2017
Household consumption expenditure
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clothing, footwear5%2007
education2.8%2007
TOP