Form of Government: Republic
Area: 48 311 sq km
Population: 10 535 535 inhab. (estimate 2021)
Density: 218.08 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 20° - 18° N; long. 72° - 68° W
Capital: Santo Domingo (capital) 3 172 152 inhab. (2018);
Currency: Dominican peso (100 centavos)
Human development index: 0.756 (rank: 88)
President and head of government: Luis Abinader Corona (PRM), elected 5 July 2020, in office since 16 August 2020
Chamber of Deputies: seats based on the elections of 5 July 2020: PRM (Modern Revolutionary Party), 86; PLD (Dominican Liberation Party), 75; others, 29
Internet: www.one.gob.do (Oficina Nacional de Estadística)
Member of DR-CAFTA, OAS, UN, WTO

Dominican Republic

República Dominicana
Useful information

International license plate code DOM
International dialling code 001809
Travel vaccinations requirement malaria prophylaxis (low risk confined to some areas for which it is recommended or advised)
Electricity (Voltage) 110
Driving side rigth
Internet code .do

GMT  -4
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Santo Domingo 26.5
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Santo Domingo 24/26.5
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Santo Domingo 6/6
Annual average precipitation (mm) Santo Domingo 1370
Days of rainfall (annual average) Santo Domingo 110

Geography.
It lies in the eastern part of the island of Hispaniola and is bordered by Haiti to the west. The Cordillera Central crosses the centre of this rather mountainous country from east to west. The climate is tropical, with abundant rainfall.

Government


Formerly a Spanish colony, and having gained independence on 27 February 1844, the Dominican Republic was occupied by the USA from 1916 until 1924. After the dictatorship of General Rafael Trujillo (1930-61), in 1962, Juan Bosch, reformer and founder of the PRD, was elected President. He was deposed by a military coup (1963); after military intervention (1965), the USA established the long regime of J.A. Balaguer, leader of the PRSC. According to the 2015 Constitution, executive power rests with the President of the Republic, who is elected by direct vote for a four-year term; legislative power is in the hands of the National Congress (the Chamber of Deputies with 190 members and the Senate with 32 members elected for four-year terms).

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Air force28.7%2015
Army51.3%2015
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Crimes1 499.8per 100 000 pop.2006
Homicides15.2per 100 000 pop.2016
TOP

Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Santo Domingo3 172 152inhab.2018
Santiago de los Caballeros591 985inhab.2010
TOP

Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2020)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE

There is a large Haitian minority.

Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate18.32020
Death rate6.42020
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mestizo58$%2014
black15.8%2014


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Catholic57$%2015
Protestant25$%2015


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Spanish
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years26.8%2020
15-29 years26.6%2020


TOP

Economy


Strong economic growth resumed in 2021 (halted by the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020), supported by tourism, construction, domestic demand and activities in the special economic zones. Most of the country’s exports go to the United States, the country’s main trading partner. Some commercial crops are cultivated (tobacco, sugar cane, cocoa and fruit), whereas rice, maize and cassava are grown to feed the local population. There is plentiful pasture for livestock farming. The main mineral resource is nickel (in Bonao); gold and silver are also mined. The most common industries are those associated with the processing of agricultural produce; there are cement factories and an oil refinery (Santo Domingo). Tourism, tax-free zones and remittances from migrant workers are fundamental to the economy.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)144.75index2016
Agricultural prod. index (2014-16=100)118.29index2019
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population4 859 386units2020
Active population, Females40.3%2019
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate8.9%2020
Unemployment rate, Females57.1%2019
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses927 549.2M LCU2020
Revenues632 252.3M LCU2020
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture9$%2019
industry19.9%2019
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture5.645%2019
industry31.401%2019
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation222.944BN LCU2020
International reserves10 844.812M US$2020
TOP

Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land25.502%2018
forests44.047%2018
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total1 131.5181000 t2019
maize49.841000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava174.691000 t2019
potatoes93.6541000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages43.521000 t2019
carrots and turnips48.9661000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry41.9581000 t2019
broad beans, dry2.2581000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts7.3941000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruits288.4121000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts421.5591000 t2019
copra12$1000 t2006
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa88.9611000 t2019
coffee15.2411000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane4 895.8911000 t2019
tobacco7.5831000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Fiber plants
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sisal0.0331000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total5 444.0621000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cashew nuts0.6631000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits178.5741000 t2019
grapefruits6.3291000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados661.6261000 t2019
bananas1 209.2681000 t2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize29.2671000 ha2019
rice195.5071000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava23.21000 ha2019
potatoes3.4941000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.871000 ha2019
carrots and turnips2.0421000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry41.7451000 ha2019
broad beans, dry1.6891000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts5.261000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruit20.6841000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts52.0311000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa150.9431000 ha2019
coffee75.2631000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane103.5231000 ha2019
tobacco5.0921000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Fiber plants
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sisal0.231000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cashew nuts9.6071000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits17.5661000 ha2019
grapefruits0.3541000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados14.191000 ha2019
bananas28.8611000 ha2019
TOP

Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
natural rubber62$t2019
timber1 077 6412019
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle3 078.061000 heads2019
cattle and buffaloes3 078.061000 heads2019
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs491.7461000 heads2019
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep258.8251000 heads2019
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats221.0441000 heads2019
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses156.5961000 heads2019
asses and mules302.2821000 heads2019
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds181 7421000 heads2019
Livestock - Beekeeping
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
honey1.1051000 t2019
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
butter3.4951000 t2018
cheese7.8921000 t2018
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs4 369t2019
freshwater fishes3 530t2019
TOP

Minerals

Mineral resources - Metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bauxite0.031000 t2019
copper0.11000 t2019
Mineral resources - Non-metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clay1411000 t2018
clay - cu m254.41000 m³2019
Mineral resources - Rocks
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
limestone - cu m4 216.61000 m³2019
marble0.6131000 m³2019
Mineral resources - Precious metals and stones
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
gold31 630kg2018
silver166 500kg2018
TOP

Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal15 917.96M kWh2018
- hydro1 053M kWh2019
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal2 8371000 kW2018
- hydro7411000 kW2019
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation18 615.96M kWh2018
total installed capacity3 826.941000 kW2018
TOP

Industry

Industry - Iron and Steel, Metallurgy
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
ferroalloys53$1000 t2018
nickel19.21000 t2018
Industry - Petrochemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
petrol437.11000 t2014
Industry - Chemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
paints59.31000 t2020
potassic fertilizers15.81000 t2008
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley515.4241000 t2018
coconut oil7.31000 t2018
Industry - Tobacco
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cigarettes1 351.3M units2020
cigars and cigarettes1 351.3M units2020
Industry - Paper and wood products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
other paper1301000 t2019
paper1301000 t2019
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement5 1691000 t2020
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chemicals production128M US$2004
food, beverages and tobacco production2 638M US$2004
TOP

Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufactures58.398% of goods exports2018
food products23.225% of goods exports2018
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
United States2 748M US$2010
Haiti758M US$2010
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
United States5 918M US$2010
China1 617M US$2010
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
202010 355M US$ -
201911 219M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
202017 087M US$ -
201920 288M US$ -
TOP

Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures1 083M US$2019
Number of arrivals6 446 000units2019
TOP

Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, passengers carried227.51000 units2019
Merchant fleet38$units2021
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers88.646per 1000 pop.2019
Computers35.2per 1000 pop.2007
TOP

Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling14.223years2017
Graduates59 531units2017
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Students, primary level1 226 414units2018
Students, secondary level924 714units2018
Social statistics - Social protection
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Social protection spending19.5% of total expenses2003
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds0.99per 1000 pop.2018
Physicians1.48per 1000 pop.2018
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV0.9% of adults2019
HIV, total1.5%2001
Museums
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Museums27$units2018
Museums, visitors732 473units2018
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking91.3%2019
Access to electricity100%2019
Household consumption expenditure
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clothing, footwear5$%2007
education2.8%2007
TOP