Form of Government: Republic
Area: 749.9 sq km
Population: 71 991 inhab. (estimate 2020)
Density: 96 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 15° N; long. 61° W
Capital: Roseau (capital) 14 275 inhab. (2011);
Currency: East Caribbean dollar (100 cents)
Human development index: 0.742 (rank: 94)
President: Charles Savarin (DLP), in office since 2 October 2013, reconfirmed 1 October 2018
Prime Minister: Roosevelt Skerrit (DLP), since 8 January 2004
Internet: //stats.gov.dm (Central Statistics Office)
Member of Caricom, Commonwealth, OAS, UN, WTO

Dominica

Dominica, Commonwealth of Dominica
Useful information

International license plate code WD
International dialling code 001767
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required only if traveling from a country with risk of transmission, including travelers having transited more than 12 hours through the airport of a country with risk of transmission)
Electricity (Voltage) 230
Driving side left
Internet code .dm

GMT  -4
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Roseau 26.3
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Roseau 24.5/27.5
Annual average precipitation (mm) Roseau 1975
Days of rainfall (annual average) Roseau 185

Geography.
The island is in the Lesser Antilles, the largest of the Windward Islands. The climate is hot and humid.

Government


It has been an independent republic within the British Commonwealth since 3 November 1978. The Cabinet is answerable to the House of Assembly (21 members elected for 5 years and 9 members elected by the President and 2 ex officio), which elects the President of the Republic. The Labour Party (DLP), in power since 2000, won an absolute majority (18 seats) at the elections of 6 December 2019.

Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides8.4per 100 000 pop.2011
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Administrative division

Administrative division
ParishAREAINHABITANTSYEAR
Saint Andrew178.2 sq km9 471 inhab.2011
Saint David131.6 sq km6 043 inhab.2011
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Roseau14 275inhab.2011
Portsmouth4 167inhab.2011
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2020)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate15.12017
Death rate7.92017
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
black86.8%2001
mestizo8.9%2001


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Catholic53$%2011
Protestant20$%2011


Languages
DESCRIPTION
English (official)
French Creole
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years21.2%2020
15-29 years21.2%2020


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Economy


The country entered a recession in 2017, owing to the damage caused by a hurricane, and in 2020, due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Bananas, coconuts and citrus fruits are the primary crops cultivated in the country, while the most important industry, destined for export, is soap. Tourism and the sale of citizenship are also relevant. Plans are underway to build a geothermal power plant.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)113.26index2016
Agricultural prod. index (2014-16=100)99.25index2019
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population31 222units2011
Active population, Females41.3%2011
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate11.1%2011
Unemployment rate, Females36.6%2011
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses369.6M LCU2015
Revenues432.6M LCU2015
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture15.3%2011
industry18.3%2011
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture15.977%2019
industry18.781%2019
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation0.108BN LCU2020
International reserves176.646M US$2020
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land30.667%2018
forests63.827%2018
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total0.1911000 t2019
maize0.1911000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava1.2771000 t2019
potatoes0.1441000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.8211000 t2019
carrots and turnips0.81000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts6.7791000 t2019
copra1.61000 t2006
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cinnamon0.0561000 t2019
cocoa1$1000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane4.931000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total49.4051000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits20.4791000 t2019
grapefruits12.8561000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados0.3611000 t2019
bananas19.9641000 t2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize0.1151000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.1841000 ha2019
potatoes0.0081000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.0851000 ha2019
carrots and turnips0.11000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts2.3541000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cinnamon0.1131000 ha2019
cocoa9.5931000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane0.251000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits1.9531000 ha2019
grapefruits1.1181000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados0.1691000 ha2019
bananas2.9181000 ha2019
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber7 3802019
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle14.1431000 heads2019
cattle and buffaloes14.1431000 heads2019
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs5.0731000 heads2019
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep8.0061000 heads2019
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats9.7051000 heads2019
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds1991000 heads2019
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs0.3121000 t2019
hides and skins0.0821000 t2019
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
marine fishes783t2019
total catch783t2019
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Rocks
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pumice1001000 t2015
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
non-renewable electricity generation76.515%2019
- thermal69$M kWh2019
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal35$1000 kW2018
- hydro7$1000 kW2019
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation90.18M kWh2019
total installed capacity40.531000 kW2018
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Industry

Industry - Chemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
soap8.91000 t2003
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconut oil0.6421000 t2018
vegetable oils0.6421000 t2018
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufacturing production13.722M US$2020
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufactures74$% of goods exports2012
food products13.7% of goods exports2012
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
China30.6M US$2007
Austria8.5M US$2007
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
United States69.8M US$2007
Trinidad and Tobago45.1M US$2007
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
202021$M US$ -
201918$M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2020227M US$ -
2019294M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures30$M US$2018
Number of arrivals63 000units2018
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Merchant fleet93$units2021
Merchant fleet, gross tonnage403 909t2021
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers160.754per 1000 pop.2018
Computers182per 1000 pop.2004
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling12.7years2008
Gross enrolment ratio, primary - Female98.703index2019
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Students, primary level7 323units2016
Students, secondary level5 561units2015
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds3.8per 1000 pop.2012
Physicians1.12per 1000 pop.2017
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Tuberculosis16$per 100 000 pop.2019
Tuberculosis (prevalence)1$per 100 000 pop.2014
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking83.4%2019
Access to electricity100%2019
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