Form of Government: Republic
Area: 749.9 sq km
Population: 73 925 inhab. (estimate 2017)
Density: 98.58 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 15° N; long. 61° W
Capital: Roseau (capital) 14 275 inhab. (2011);
Currency: East Caribbean dollar (100 cents)
Human development index: 0.715 (rank: 103)
President: Charles Savarin (DLP), in office since 2 October 2013, reconfirmed 1 October 2018
Prime Minister: Roosevelt Skerrit (DLP), since 8 January 2004
Internet: www.dominica.gov.dm (Government of fhe Commonwealth of Dominica)
Member of Caricom, Commonwealth, OAS, UN, WTO

Dominica

Dominica, Commonwealth of Dominica
Useful information

International license plate code WD
International dialling code 001767
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required only if traveling from a country with risk of transmission, including travelers having transited more than 12 hours through the airport of a country with risk of transmission)
Electricity (Voltage) 230
Driving side left
Internet code .dm

GMT  -4
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Roseau 26.3
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Roseau 24.5/27.5
Annual average precipitation (mm) Roseau 1975
Days of rainfall (annual average) Roseau 185

Geography.
The island is in the Lesser Antilles, the largest of the Windward Islands. The climate is hot and humid.

Government


It has been an independent republic within the British Commonwealth since 3 November 1978. The Cabinet is answerable to the House of Assembly (21 members elected for 5 years and 9 members elected by the President and 2 ex officio), which elects the President of the Republic. The Labour Party (DLP) won an absolute majority (15 seats) at the elections of 8 December 2014.

Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides8.4per 100 000 pop.2011
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Administrative division

Administrative division
ParishAREAINHABITANTSYEAR
Saint Andrew178.2 sq km9 471 inhab.2011
Saint David131.6 sq km6 043 inhab.2011
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Roseau14 275inhab.2011
Portsmouth4 167inhab.2011
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2018)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate15.12017
Death rate7.92017
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
black86.8%2001
mestizo8.9%2001


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Catholic53%2011
Protestant20%2011


Languages
DESCRIPTION
English (official)
French Creole
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years21.6%2018
15-29 years22.4%2018


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Economy


Following the recession in 2017-18, owing to the damage caused by a hurricane, the growth rate was once again positive in 2019. Bananas, coconuts and citrus fruits are the primary crops cultivated in the country, while the most important industry, destined for export, is soap. Tourism and the sale of citizenship are also relevant. Plans are underway to build a geothermal power plant.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)113.26index2016
Balance of trade- 251.5M US$2018
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population38 000units2005
Active population, Females39.5%2005
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate14%2009
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses369.6M LCU2015
Revenues432.6M LCU2015
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture18.8%2014
industry and services81.2%2014
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture16.4%2017
industry12.1%2017
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation0.114BN LCU2018
International reserves191.3M US$2018
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land30.67%2015
forests57.77%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total0.1891000 t2017
maize0.1891000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava1.2291000 t2017
potatoes0.1361000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.8131000 t2017
carrots and turnips0.7831000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts7.6261000 t2017
copra1.61000 t2006
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cinnamon0.0521000 t2017
cocoa0.3121000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane4.8721000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total55.8341000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits23.4111000 t2017
grapefruits15.4461000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados0.3961000 t2017
bananas26.0991000 t2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize0.1091000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.1571000 ha2017
potatoes0.0091000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.0831000 ha2017
carrots and turnips0.0851000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts2.571000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cinnamon0.0841000 ha2017
cocoa2.9361000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane0.2451000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits2.4931000 ha2017
grapefruits1.5961000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados0.1541000 ha2017
bananas3.4631000 ha2017
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber7 4532017
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle14.0761000 heads2017
cattle and buffaloes14.0761000 heads2017
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs5.0751000 heads2017
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep7.9851000 heads2017
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats9.7031000 heads2017
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds1981000 heads2017
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs0.3241000 t2017
hides and skins0.0841000 t2013
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs1t2017
freshwater fishes5t2017
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Rocks
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pumice1001000 t2015
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal75M kWh2016
non-renewable electricity generation67.324%2016
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal201000 kW2016
- hydro71000 kW2016
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation111.4M kWh2016
total installed capacity27.81000 kW2016
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Industry

Industry - Chemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
soap8.91000 t2003
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconut oil0.51000 t2014
vegetable oils0.51000 t2014
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufacturing production6.8M US$2018
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufactures74% of goods exports2012
food products13.7% of goods exports2012
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
China30.6M US$2007
Austria8.5M US$2007
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
United States69.8M US$2007
Trinidad and Tobago45.1M US$2007
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
201819M US$ -
201721M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2018270M US$ -
2017198M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures26M US$2017
Number of arrivals72 000units2017
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Merchant fleet100units2018
Merchant fleet, gross tonnage575 063t2018
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers210.584per 1000 pop.2016
Computers182per 1000 pop.2004
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling12.7years2008
Gross enrolment ratio, primary - Female111index2016
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level560units2016
Teachers, secondary level556units2016
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds3.8per 1000 pop.2012
Physicians0.5per 1000 pop.1997
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Tuberculosis1.6per 100 000 pop.2017
Tuberculosis (prevalence)1per 100 000 pop.2014
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking90.6%2016
Access to electricity100%2017
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