Form of Government: Republic
Area: 749.9 sq km
Population: 73 543 inhab. (estimate 2016)
Density: 98.07 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 15° N; long. 61° W
Capital: Roseau (capital) 14 275 inhab. (2011);
Currency: East Caribbean dollar (100 cents)
Human development index: 0.726 (rank: 96)
President: Charles Savarin (DLP), in office since 2 October 2013
Prime Minister: Roosevelt Skerrit (DLP), since 8 January 2004
Internet: www.dominica.gov.dm (Government of fhe Commonwealth of Dominica)
Member of Caricom, Commonwealth, EU associated, OAS, UN, WTO

Dominica

Dominica, Commonwealth of Dominica
Useful information

International license plate code WD
International dialling code 001767
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required only if traveling from a country with risk of transmission, including travelers having transited more than 12 hours through the airport of a country with risk of transmission)
Electricity (Voltage) 230
Driving side left
Internet code .dm

GMT  -4
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Roseau 26.3
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Roseau 24.5/27.5
Annual average precipitation (mm) Roseau 1975
Days of rainfall (annual average) Roseau 185

Geography.
The island is in the Lesser Antilles, the largest of the Windward Islands. The climate is hot and humid.

Government


It has been an independent republic within the British Commonwealth since 3 November 1978. The Cabinet is answerable to the House of Assembly (21 members elected for 5 years and 9 members elected by the President and 2 ex officio), which elects the President of the Republic. The Labour Party (DLP) won an absolute majority (15 seats) at the elections of 8 December 2014.

Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides8.4per 100 000 pop.2011
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Administrative division

Administrative division
ParishAREAINHABITANTSYEAR
Saint Andrew178.2 sq km9 471 inhab.2011
Saint David131.6 sq km6 043 inhab.2011
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Roseau14 275inhab.2011
Portsmouth4 167inhab.2011
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2017)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate15.42015
Death rate7.92015
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
black86.8%2001
mestizo8.9%2001


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Catholic53%2011
Protestant20%2011


Languages
DESCRIPTION
English (official)
French Creole
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years21.7%2017
15-29 years23%2017


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Economy


The damage caused by a hurricane in 2017 has badly affected the economy, which is based on traditional crops (bananas, coconuts and citrus fruits); the most important industry, destined for export, is soap. Tourism is also relevant. Talks have begun with the EU to exploit the country’s geothermal energy.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)113.26index2016
Balance of trade- 194M US$2017
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population38 000units2005
Active population, Females39.5%2005
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate14%2009
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses369.6M LCU2015
Revenues432.6M LCU2015
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture18.8%2014
industry and services81.2%2014
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture18%2016
industry13.6%2016
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation0.097BN LCU2017
International reserves212.3M US$2017
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land30.67%2015
forests57.77%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total0.1881000 t2016
maize0.1881000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava1.2131000 t2016
potatoes0.1351000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.8041000 t2016
carrots and turnips0.7691000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts7.7851000 t2016
copra1.61000 t2006
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cinnamon0.0521000 t2016
cocoa0.3051000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane4.8551000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total55.8341000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits23.4581000 t2016
grapefruits15.4781000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados0.4011000 t2016
bananas26.2011000 t2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize0.1111000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.1541000 ha2016
potatoes0.0091000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.0821000 ha2016
carrots and turnips0.0831000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts2.6111000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cinnamon0.0831000 ha2016
cocoa2.8741000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane0.2441000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits2.5491000 ha2016
grapefruits1.6281000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados0.1631000 ha2016
bananas3.4171000 ha2016
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber7 4902016
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle13.9911000 heads2016
cattle and buffaloes13.9911000 heads2016
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs5.0681000 heads2016
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep7.9621000 heads2016
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats9.7051000 heads2016
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds1991000 heads2016
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs0.3211000 t2016
hides and skins0.0841000 t2013
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs1t2016
freshwater fishes5t2016
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Rocks
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pumice1001000 t2015
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
non-renewable electricity generation74.468%2015
- thermal70M kWh2015
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal201000 kW2015
- other renew.7.21000 kW2015
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation94M kWh2015
total installed capacity33.21000 kW2015
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Industry

Industry - Chemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
soap8.91000 t2003
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconut oil0.51000 t2014
vegetable oils0.51000 t2014
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufacturing production8.7M US$2017
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufactures74% of goods exports2012
food products13.7% of goods exports2012
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
China30.6M US$2007
Austria8.5M US$2007
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
United States69.8M US$2007
Trinidad and Tobago45.1M US$2007
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
201721M US$ -
201622.597M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2017215M US$ -
2016213.943M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures22M US$2016
Number of arrivals78 000units2016
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Merchant fleet100units2018
Merchant fleet, gross tonnage575 063t2018
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers210.584per 1000 pop.2016
Computers182per 1000 pop.2004
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling12.7years2008
Gross enrolment ratio, primary - Female111index2016
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level560units2016
Teachers, secondary level556units2016
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds3.8per 1000 pop.2012
Physicians0.5per 1000 pop.1997
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Tuberculosis7.8per 100 000 pop.2016
Tuberculosis (prevalence)1per 100 000 pop.2014
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking90.6%2016
Access to electricity100%2016
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