Form of Government: Constitutional monarchy
Area: 42 934 sq km
Population: 5 781 190 inhab. (estimate 2018)
Density: 134.65 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 58° - 55° N; long. 8° - 15° E
Capital: Copenhagen=København (capital) 613 288 inhab. (2018); Greater Copenhagen 1 308 893 inhab. (2018), urban agglomeration
Currency: Danish krone (100 øre)
Human development index: 0.925 (rank: 5)
Sovereign: Queen Margrethe II, since 15 January 1972
Prime Minister: Lars Løkke Rasmussen (V), since 28 June 2015
Parliament: seats based on the elections of 18 June 2015: S (Social Democrats), 47; DF (Danish People’s Party, far-right), 37; Venstre (Liberal Party), 34; Red-Green Alliance, 14; Liberal Alliance, 13; A (The Alternative, greens), 9; RV (Social Liberal Party), 8; SF (Socialist People’s Party), 7; DKF (Conservative People's Party), 6
Internet: www.dst.dk (Danmarks Statistik)
Member of Council of Europe, EBRD, EU, NATO, Nordic Council, OAS observer, OECD, OSCE, UN, WTO

Denmark

Danmark, Kongeriget Danmark
Useful information

International license plate code DK
International dialling code 0045
Travel vaccinations requirement none
Electricity (Voltage) 230
Driving side rigth
Internet code .dk

GMT  +1
DST  +2
DST duration (start-end) late March-late October

Annual average temperature (°C) Copenaghen 8.4
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Copenaghen 0/18
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Copenaghen 8/1
Annual average precipitation (mm) Copenaghen 605
Days of rainfall (annual average) Copenaghen 130

Politics and current affairs

Rasmussen’s government is adopting a restrictive immigration policy: since 2017, the country no longer automatically accepts a quota of refugees, as established by the UN, while the permanent stay of many Syrian refugees has been up for discussion. On 31 May 2018, a ban was approved on wearing veils that cover the entire face, such as a burqa.

Geography.
Protruding towards Scandinavia, from which it is separated by some sea straits (Skagerrak, Kattegat, Øresund), Denmark comprises the peninsula of Jutland, the island of Sjælland, where the capital is located, and about 400 smaller islands. It borders the North Sea to the north and west, and the Baltic Sea to the east; it is bordered by Germany to the south. Denmark has flat rolling landscape, a jagged coastline to the west, and a low-lying sandy coast to the east. The climate is essentially oceanic, being subjected to mainly westerly winds from the Atlantic.

Government


Denmark is a constitutional monarchy. Since 1950, there has been a series of alternating social-democrat and conservative governments. According to the 1953 Constitution, the sovereign formally exercises legislative and executive powers through the single house of Parliament (Folketing, composed of 175 members elected for 4 years by direct suffrage, plus 2 from the Faroe Islands and 2 from Greenland) and the Council of Ministers (which must be approved by Parliament). New elections are scheduled in June 2019.


Defence.
In addition to the army, navy and air-force, there is a National Guard for which Danes enrol voluntarily. Military service, carried out mostly by volunteers, lasts for a minimum of 4 months.


Justice.
The legal system is based on continental civil law.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Air force18.3%2015
Army46.2%2015
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Crimes8 441.7per 100 000 pop.2017
Homicides0.9per 100 000 pop.2017
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Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Copenhagen=København613 288inhab.2018
Århus273 077inhab.2018
Urban agglomerations
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Greater Copenhagen1 308 893inhab.2018
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2017)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate10.72017
Death rate9.32017
Foreigners
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Foreigners, total505 992units2018
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Danish86.7%2018
other6.9%2018


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Protestant80%2012
other16%2012


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Danish
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years16.4%2017
15-29 years19.4%2017


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Economy


Economic situation.
Economic growth should remain stable at just under 2% in 2018-19 despite a significant drop in public investments. Unemployment is also down (expected to stand at 5.2% in 2019). The open economy risks suffering from a potential trade war.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)101.42index2016
Balance of trade9 619M US$2017
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population2 987 700units2017
Active population, Females47.3%2017
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate5.7%2017
Unemployment rate, Females48.8%2017
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses819 448M LCU2017
Revenues840 645M LCU2017
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture2.2%2017
industry18.6%2017
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture1.3%2017
industry22.9%2017
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation71BN LCU2017
International reserves75 244.4M US$2017
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Agriculture


Primary sector
Agriculture and livestock.
Much of the arable land is used for cereal crops, especially barley and wheat; other important crops include sugar beet and vegetables.
Livestock farming, which is highly specialized, accounts for 70% of the value of the whole primary sector and its products (milk and milk-derivatives, ham, bacon and lard) represent a significant share of Danish exports. Denmark is the world’s leading producer of mink.
Fishing.
Fishing is in constant decline, whereas fish farming (mostly trout) is highly developed. The main fishing-ports are Esbjerg, Skagen, Hirtshals, Thyborøn, Hanstholm, Hvide Sande and Frederikshavn.

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land56.11%2015
forests14.58%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley3 949.61000 t2016
cereals, total9 154.3261000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes1 954.0161000 t2016
roots and tubers, total1 954.0161000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asparagus0.31000 t2016
cabbages37.451000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, green01000 t2016
peas, dry17.61000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
rapeseed506.21000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mustard seed0.0291000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar beet1 696.11000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Flax
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
linseed0.1661000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples36.471000 t2016
blueberries0.041000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
hazelnuts0.0041000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Others
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mushrooms3.931000 t2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley706.91000 ha2016
maize5.71000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes461000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages1.141000 ha2016
carrots and turnips2.141000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, green01000 ha2016
peas, dry4.81000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
rapeseed163.21000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mustard seed0.0311000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar beet34.551000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Flax
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
linseed0.4891000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples1.331000 ha2016
blueberries0.061000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
hazelnuts0.0051000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Others
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mushrooms01000 ha2016
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber3 842 1002016
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle1 568.2881000 heads2016
cattle and buffaloes1 568.2881000 heads2016
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs12 3831000 heads2016
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep147.2091000 heads2016
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
equines, total51.2821000 heads2016
horses51.2821000 heads2016
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds18 3231000 heads2016
Livestock - Beekeeping
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
honey1.51000 t2014
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
butter42.91000 t2014
cheese369.11000 t2014
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs64 517t2016
freshwater fishes216t2016
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Minerals


Secondary sector
Minerals.
Denmark’s main resources are oil and natural gas from the North Sea (Dan and Gorm fields), exported via pipelines.
Energy and industry.
Denmark generates enough electrical energy to be self-sufficient; the main source of power is thermo-electric power plants, although wind energy covers over 40% of the national energy requirement. Wind turbines are also manufactured for export. The fertilizer industry is highly developed, mainly used in agriculture.
Cement is produced at Aalborg, Nørresundby and Mariagerfjord. There are large shipyards at Copenhagen, Helsingør, Nakskov, Odense, Svendborg, Aalborg and Frederikshavn. Refineries are located in Kalundborg and Fredericia. Finally Denmark produces farm and industrial machinery. The foodstuffs segment includes sugar refineries and some famous breweries, including Carlsberg and Tuborg, both concentrated at Copenhagen. The tobacco industry is based on imported raw materials. Denmark’s famous ceramics from the workshops at Rønne are made with kaolin from the island of Bornholm.

Mineral resources - Energy minerals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
natural gas4 836M m³2017
oil, crude6 837.61000 t2017
Mineral resources - Non-metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bentonite38.31000 t2015
salt6001000 t2015
Mineral resources - Rocks
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
diatomite4401000 t2017
kaolin2.51000 t2011
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- other renew.19 695M kWh2015
- thermal8 679.96M kWh2015
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- other renew.7 2641000 kW2015
- thermal6 7341000 kW2015
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation28 392.96M kWh2015
total installed capacity14 0051000 kW2015
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Industry

Industry - Iron and Steel, Metallurgy
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
aluminium261000 t2015
steel, crude5161000 t2004
Industry - Machinery and transport equipment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bikes2 334no.2015
mopeds1 294no.2015
Industry - Precision and optical instruments
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
watches and clocks24 445no.2015
Industry - Electrical and electronics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
air conditioners58 739no.2014
fridges103 875no.2015
Industry - Petrochemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
petrol2 549.11000 t2014
Industry - Chemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
ammonia1.61000 t2011
nitrogen fertilizers241000 t2012
Industry - Textiles
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
carpets9 7271000 m²2015
cotton fabrics2.8M m²2007
Industry - Clothing and footwear
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
footwear47 121pairs2014
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley610.71000 t2014
coconut oil0.051000 t2014
Industry - Tobacco
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cigarettes11 407M units2010
cigars236M units2015
Industry - Paper and wood products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mechanical pulp4.831000 t2016
paper1471000 t2016
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement1 8101000 t2015
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chemicals production9 433.1M US$2014
food, beverages and tobacco production6 240.8M US$2014
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Trade


Tertiary sector
Foreign trade.
Denmark has a positive balance of trade. Its main trading partners are Germany and Sweden.


Main exports (M US$ - 2017) machinery 14 125, pharmaceuticals 12 943, electrical and electronic equipment 8 767, apparel and accessories 4 285, fresh and preserved meat 4 201, optical and electro-medical appliances 4 075, iron and steel 4 000, crude oil and petroleum products 3 606, fresh and preserved fish 3 443, chemicals 3 235, furniture and accessories 2 927, vehicles and parts thereof 2 859, cheese and dairy products 2 682, plastics and articles thereof 2 528, food preparations 2 472, live animals 1 482, enzymes 1 241, furs 1 133, residues and wastes of food industry 1 057


Finance and banking
. The Danmarks Nationalbank acts as the country’s central bank. The Copenhagen stock exchange is part of the NASDAQ OMX Group. On 30 April 2015, the centre-left government at that time announced Denmark’s intention to join the European banking union.

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufactures62.923% of goods exports2016
food products18.820% of goods exports2016
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Germany14 517M US$2017
Sweden10 856M US$2017
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Germany19 726M US$2017
Sweden10 982M US$2017
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2017102 532.136M US$ -
201695 344.713M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
201792 912.741M US$ -
201685 554.736M US$ -
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Tourism


Tourism. Tourism, especially the capital Copenhagen, attracts many visitors from Germany and Scandinavia.

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures9 159M US$2016
Number of arrivals10 781 000units2016
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown81 600 000km flown2004
Civil aviation, passengers carried8 451.41000 units2011
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers431.736per 1000 pop.2017
Computers549.3per 1000 pop.2008
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Social and welfare


Education, culture & research.
Education is compulsory between the age of 7 and 16, with one year of pre-school activities and an optional tenth year at the end. Afterwards students can choose to attend professional training courses or one of the four different types of secondary school, which lead to university entrance qualifications.


Social security and health.
The Danish welfare system is on the cutting edge of social wellbeing and covers illness, accidents at work, unemployment, invalidity and allowances for dependents; retirement pensions are guaranteed for all (generally at 65 years of age), medical care is free and there is a comprehensive social welfare system.

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling19.1years2016
Gradautes, percentage38.2%2016
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level43 538units2014
Teachers, secondary level49 050units2014
Social statistics - Social protection
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Social protection spending43.6% of total expenses2016
Social protection spending32.3% of GDP2015
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds2.2per 1000 pop.2017
Physicians3.7per 1000 pop.2015
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV0.2% of adults2014
HIV, total0.07%2001
Museums
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Museums254units2015
Museums, visitors16 185 412units2015
Research
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Research and development spending2.87% of GDP2016
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking100%2016
Access to electricity100%2016
Household consumption expenditure
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clothing, footwear4%2017
education0.8%2017
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