Form of Government: Republic
Area: 322 450 sq km
Population: 25 823 071 inhab. (estimate 2019)
Density: 80.08 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 11° - 4° N; long. 8° - 3° W
Capital: Yamoussoukro (capital) 231 072 inhab. (2018); ; Abidjan (seat of government) 4 920 776 inhab. (2018);
Currency: CFA franc (100 centimes)
Human development index: 0.492 (rank: 170)
President: Alassane Ouattara (RDR), elected 28 November 2010, reconfirmed 25 October 2015
Prime Minister: Amadou Gon Coulibaly (PDCI), since 10 January 2017
National Assembly: seats based on the elections of 18 December 2016: RHDP (Rally of Houphouëtists for Democracy and Peace), 167; UDPCI (Union for Democracy and Peace), 6; FPI (Ivorian Popular Front), 3; UPCI (Union for Ivory Coast), 3; independents, 76
Internet: www.ins.ci (Institut National de la Statistique)
Member of AU, ECOWAS, OIC, UN, WTO

Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast)

Côte d'Ivoire, République de Côte d'Ivoire
Useful information

International license plate code CI
International dialling code 00225
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required); malaria prophylaxis (recommended)
Electricity (Voltage) 230
Driving side rigth
Internet code .ci

GMT  0
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Abidjan 26.2
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Abidjan 27/25.5
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Abidjan 4/6
Annual average precipitation (mm) Abidjan 2146
Days of rainfall (annual average) Abidjan 116

Politics and current affairs

On 15 January 2019, the International Criminal Court acquitted President Laurent Gbagbo; despite there still being a possibility for an appeal, his potential return to the country would have important repercussions on the elections in 2020.

Geography.
The Republic of Côte d’Ivoire (the Ivory Coast) is bordered by Mali and Burkina Faso to the north, by Ghana to the east, and by Liberia and Guinea to the west.
To the south, it faces out onto the Atlantic Ocean.
The coastal strip is low and even, while further inland a savannah plateau rises westward to a height of 1752 m (the Nimba range). The inland regions are crossed from north to south by numerous rivers, the main ones being the River Komoé, the River Bandama and the River Sassandra.
The climate is hot and humid with plentiful rainfall on the coast, but less inland.

Government


Formerly a French colony, Côte d’Ivoire has been independent since 7 August 1960. For 30 years, the Democratic Party (PDCI) was the sole political party, and it was only in 1990 that a multi-party system was introduced.
In 2002, militants in the north-west of the country rebelled, taking control of the centre and north of the country, and a civil war followed, which also involved rebel fighters from both Liberia and Sierra Leone. The Agreement of Marcoussis (Paris) on 24 January 2003 brought about the formation of a government of national reconciliation which was, however, unable to assert its authority.
A UN peace mission has been present in the country since 2003 alongside a French military contingent. In 2007, as part of the peace process being overseen by the African Union and the United Nations, President Laurent Gbagbo appointed Guillame Soro, leader of the New Force (FN) rebels, as Prime Minister. Following his appointment, the buffer zone between the government controlled south and the rebel controlled north was suspended.
In 2010, following the presidential elections won by Alassane Ouattara, the country plunged into a serious internal crisis, which degenerated into five months of civil war. In April 2011 the militia in favour of Ouattara conquered the capital and took Gbagbo prisoner, who was extradited to The Hague to face trial before the International Criminal Court.
According to the 2016 Constitution, the President of the Republic is elected through a direct election for a five-year term and holds executive powers; Parliament comprises the National Assembly (255 members elected by direct vote) and the Senate (99 members, a third of which are elected by local institutions and two-thirds appointed by the President); the limit on the term of the houses is temporarily fixed to 2020, after which it will last 5 years.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Air force4%2015
Army92%2015
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Crimes887per 100 000 pop.2002
Homicides11.6per 100 000 pop.2015
TOP

Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Abidjan4 920 776inhab.2018
Bouaké536 719inhab.2014
TOP

Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2018)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate36.62017
Death rate11.92017
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Akan32.1%2012
other21.7%2012


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Muslim42.4%2014
nonreligious/atheist18.9%2014


Languages
DESCRIPTION
French
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years39.6%2018
15-29 years28.4%2018


TOP

Economy

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)127.47index2016
Balance of trade295.1M US$2018
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population8 237 161units2018
Active population, Females41.4%2018
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate2.5%2018
Unemployment rate, Females52%2018
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses5 753 832M LCU2018
Revenues4 891 600M LCU2018
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture48%2018
industry6.2%2018
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture23.7%2017
industry27.1%2017
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation2 670.9BN LCU2018
International reserves348.6M US$2016
TOP

Agriculture


Primary sector.
The economy is heavily dependent on exports of cocoa, as the country is the largest producer in the world. Cashew nuts, oil palm, bananas, coffee, cotton and pineapple are other important crops. Yams, cassavas, rice and maize are produced for local consumption. The forests supply wood for cabinet making, particularly mahogany and there are rubber plantations around Dabou. Fishing is an important activity but is carried out mainly by foreign fishing fleets; Abidjan is the main African fishing port for tuna.

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land23.27%2015
forests32.71%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total3 2901000 t2017
maize1 0251000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava5 3671000 t2017
roots and tubers, total12 688.7451000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chillies and peppers27.0411000 t2017
cucumbers21.3181000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry40.3221000 t2017
beans, green4.8621000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts2021000 t2017
sesame seed2.6721000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruits2 2271000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts140.8381000 t2017
copra451000 t2006
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa2 0341000 t2017
coffee103.5141000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane1 794.6971000 t2017
tobacco8.5161000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton3281000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total2 289.3791000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
almonds1.8891000 t2017
cashew nuts7111000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits108.7041000 t2017
citrus fruits, nes43.3511000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados37.3071000 t2017
bananas4001000 t2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize523.5381000 ha2017
millet75.6461000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava874.3121000 ha2017
sweet potatoes29.2831000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chillies and peppers4.0131000 ha2017
cucumbers4.7971000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry47.4431000 ha2017
beans, green1.6411000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts144.8951000 ha2017
sesame seed14.2721000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruit354.2361000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts103.2391000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa4 147.4591000 ha2017
coffee925.4421000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane22.6051000 ha2017
tobacco17.0221000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton311.0741000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
almonds3.0861000 ha2017
cashew nuts1 675.8991000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits10.9851000 ha2017
citrus fruits, nes3.4211000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados5.2621000 ha2017
bananas8.6781000 ha2017
TOP

Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
natural rubber580 000t2017
timber11 711 8292017
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle1 687.8581000 heads2017
cattle and buffaloes1 687.8581000 heads2017
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs338.2481000 heads2017
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep1 836.3571000 heads2017
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats1 460.7891000 heads2017
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds70 0421000 heads2017
Livestock - Beekeeping
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
honey0.7581000 t2014
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs56.81000 t2017
hides and skins7.8751000 t2013
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs1 315t2017
freshwater fishes12 200t2017
TOP

Minerals


Secondary and tertiary sector.
The natural resources of the country include diamond mines (at Tortiya and Séguéla), oil and natural gas (from the Bélier and Espoir fields), manganese (at Lauzoua and Mokta), iron ore (at Bangolo), nickel (at Sipilou), bauxite and gold (at Aniuri-Asupiri, Issia and Ity).
The industrial sector includes cement factories (at Abidjan and San Pedro), textile plants (at Bouaké, Adibjan and Dimbokro), wood processing plants (at Bassam and Abidjan), sugar plants (at Ferkéssédougou and Zuénoula), tobacco and chemical plants (insecticides and colorants), and an oil refinery at Vridi (near Abidjan).

Mineral resources - Energy minerals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
natural gas2 352M m³2017
oil, crude2 593.51000 t2018
Mineral resources - Metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manganese2111000 t2016
Mineral resources - Rocks
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
granite1 5001000 t2016
Mineral resources - Precious metals and stones
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
diamonds20.21000 ct2016
gold20 827kg2016
TOP

Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal8 037.94M kWh2016
- hydro1 514M kWh2016
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal1 3051000 kW2016
- hydro6041000 kW2016
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation9 729.94M kWh2016
total installed capacity1 9141000 kW2016
TOP

Industry

Industry - Petrochemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bitumen2361000 t2016
petrol1 378.81000 t2014
Industry - Chemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sulfuric acid31000 t2008
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley3301000 t2014
coconut oil29.41000 t2014
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement3 6001000 t2016
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
food, beverages and tobacco production582M US$2003
machinery and transport equipment production184M US$2003
TOP

Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
food products59.801% of goods exports2017
manufactures16.301% of goods exports2017
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Netherlands1 355M US$2018
United States1 081M US$2018
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
China1 638M US$2018
Nigeria1 343M US$2018
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
201811 263M US$ -
201711 853M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
201810 968M US$ -
20179 605M US$ -
TOP

Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures491M US$2016
Number of arrivals1 800 000units2017
TOP

Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown1 500 000km flown2001
Civil aviation, passengers carried788.11000 units2017
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers5.878per 1000 pop.2017
Computers16.8per 1000 pop.2005
TOP

Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling9.6years2016
Gross enrolment ratio, primary - Female94index2017
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level88 910units2017
Teachers, secondary level72 134units2017
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds0.4per 1000 pop.2006
Physicians0.1per 1000 pop.2010
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV2.8% of adults2017
HIV, total4.7%2001
Research
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Research and development spending0.1% of GDP2016
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking18.23%2016
Access to electricity65.635%2017
TOP