Form of Government: Presidential republic
Area: 342 000 sq km
Population: 5 518 092 inhab. (estimate 2020)
Density: 16.14 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 4° N - 5° S; long. 11° - 18° E
Capital: Brazzaville (capital) 1 932 610 inhab. (2018);
Currency: CFA franc (100 centimes)
Human development index: 0.574 (rank: 149)
President: Denis Sassou-Nguesso (PCT), since 25 October 1997, elected on 10 March 2002, last re-elected 21 March 2021
: Anatole Collinet Makosso (PCT), since 12 May 2021
National Assembly: seats based on the elections of 16 and 30 July 2017: PCT (Congolese Labour Party), 90; UDH-Yuki (Union of Humanist Democrats), 8; UPADS (Pan-African Union for Social Democracy), 8; RDPS (Rally for Democracy and Social Progress), 3; independents and others, 33; vacant, 9
Internet: //ins-congo.org (Institut National de la Statistique)
Member of AU, CEMAC, OPEC, UN, WTO

Congo, Rep.

Congo, République du Congo
Useful information

International license plate code RCB
International dialling code 00242
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required); malaria prophylaxis (recommended)
Electricity (Voltage) 230
Driving side rigth
Internet code .cg

GMT  +1
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Brazzaville 24.9
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Brazzaville 25.5/22
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Brazzaville 4/4
Annual average precipitation (mm) Brazzaville 1343
Days of rainfall (annual average) Brazzaville 85

Geography.
Congo is bordered by Cameroon and the Central African Republic to the north, by the Democratic Republic of Congo to the east and south, by Angola to the south-west, and by Gabon to the west. The country faces out to the Atlantic Ocean in the south-west. The climate is hot and humid.

Government


Formerly a part of French Equatorial Africa (AEF), Congo became independent on 15 August 1960. Three years later a Marxist inspired government came to power with the PCT (Congolese Labour Party) at the helm. The PCT later came under the control of the armed forces until a multi-party constitution was introduced in 1992. In 1997, after a long civil war and with the support of Angolan troops, General Sassou-Nguesso (a former president between 1979 and 1992) came to power and dissolved parliament. On the basis of the Constitution approved in 2002 and amended in 2015, the President of the Republic, who appoints the Prime Minister, is elected by direct suffrage for a term of five years. The two-chamber parliament is made up of the National Assembly (151 members, elected for five-year terms) and the Senate (72 members, elected for six-year terms).

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Air force12$%2015
Army80$%2015
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides9.3per 100 000 pop.2015
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Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Brazzaville1 932 610inhab.2018
Pointe-Noire1 006 611inhab.2018
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2020)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate32.3972019
Death rate6.6122019
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
other35$%2000
Kongo21.2%2000


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Protestant55$%2012
Catholic32$%2012


Languages
DESCRIPTION
French (official)
Kikongo
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years41.6%2020
15-29 years24.4%2020


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Economy

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)137.8index2016
Agricultural prod. index (2014-16=100)107.32index2019
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population2 246 000units2020
Active population, Females49$%2020
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate10.3%2020
Unemployment rate, Females52.3%2019
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses1 461 000M LCU2018
Revenues1 888 000M LCU2018
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture34.1%2019
industry21.9%2019
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture7.469%2019
industry45.061%2019
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation567.135BN LCU2019
International reserves988.316M US$2019
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Agriculture


The country is heavily dependent on the price of oil, its main source of income. Congo also has very strong ties with China, especially in the raw materials sector.
After cassava, the main products are plantation crops such as peanuts, pineapple, sugar cane and bananas. The forests supply both valuable wood and timber for construction, as well as nuts, palm oil and rubber. Oil fields (the source of the country’s main export) lie offshore, on the ocean bed close to the coast. A plant for the production of LPG is also in operation on the N’Kossa platform. In addition to petroleum, natural gas is partially used to produce electricity.
The production is controlled by Western and Chinese companies. Diamond, gold and iron deposits (near Zanaga) are exploited. Other industries are limited but there are chemicals and petrochemicals (at Pointe-Noire), foodstuffs, textiles and shoemaking as well as tobacco production and cement works (at Dolisie, Hinda, Loutété, Madingou, Mindouli).
2010 saw a hydroelectricity plant coming online at Imboulou, financed by the Chinese. The CFA franc is pegged to the Euro at a fixed exchange rate.

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land1.839%2018
forests64.351%2018
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total32.2581000 t2019
maize14$1000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava1 457.0281000 t2019
potatoes6.0131000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages1.6461000 t2019
carrots and turnips0.5331000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry4.3591000 t2019
beans, green4.2461000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts24.1161000 t2019
sesame seed0.2631000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruits155.7891000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts3$1000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa4$1000 t2019
coffee3.0691000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane707.1361000 t2019
tobacco0.5031000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total254.2261000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits15.881000 t2019
grapefruits5.7861000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados10.3261000 t2019
bananas85.0571000 t2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize14$1000 ha2019
millet16.2371000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava134.4331000 ha2019
potatoes0.6941000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.111000 ha2019
carrots and turnips0.0841000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry5.3431000 ha2019
beans, green1.0171000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts45.1321000 ha2019
sesame seed0.6081000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruit12.5371000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts0.8591000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa14.3621000 ha2019
coffee10.0831000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane19.8431000 ha2019
tobacco1.121000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits2.0391000 ha2019
grapefruits0.3441000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados1.2791000 ha2019
bananas12.8231000 ha2019
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
natural rubber2 710t2019
timber3 948 2792019
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle373.3211000 heads2019
cattle and buffaloes373.3211000 heads2019
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs112.0251000 heads2019
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep116.2531000 heads2019
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats328.6561000 heads2019
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
equines, total0.0811000 heads2019
horses0.0811000 heads2019
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds3 0481000 heads2019
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs1.5061000 t2019
hides and skins1.1421000 t2019
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs764t2019
freshwater fishes39 591t2019
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Energy minerals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
natural gas643M m³2019
oil, crude14 122.91000 t2020
Mineral resources - Precious metals and stones
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
diamonds47.61000 ct2018
gold150kg2017
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal2 132.86M kWh2018
- hydro1 226.61M kWh2018
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal3901000 kW2018
- hydro2401000 kW2019
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation3 360.47M kWh2018
total installed capacity622.81000 kW2018
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Industry

Industry - Petrochemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
petrol155.91000 t2014
Industry - Chemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
paints9.71000 t2018
soap24.41000 t2018
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley3001000 t2018
fish, salted or smoked8.11000 t2004
Industry - Tobacco
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cigarettes, packs82$M units2018
Industry - Paper and wood products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
other paper3$1000 t2019
paper3$1000 t2019
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement1 1601000 t2018
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
food, beverages and tobacco production319.8M US$2009
machinery and transport equipment production33.7M US$2009
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fuels83.939% of goods exports2019
manufactures8.404% of goods exports2019
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20203 340M US$ -
20195 576M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20201 697M US$ -
20192 242M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures457M US$2016
Number of arrivals158 000units2018
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown1 300 000km flown2004
Civil aviation, passengers carried541.81000 units2019
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers0.106per 1000 pop.2014
Computers5.6per 1000 pop.2005
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling10.6years2012
Graduates9 147units2017
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Students, primary level734 493units2012
Students, secondary level339 250units2012
Social statistics - Social protection
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Social protection spending0.8% of total expenses2003
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds0.7per 1000 pop.2018
Physicians0.2per 1000 pop.2018
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV3.1% of adults2019
HIV, total3.5%2001
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking33.5%2019
Access to electricity48.33%2019
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