Form of Government: Presidential republic
Area: 342 000 sq km
Population: 5 260 750 inhab. (estimate 2017)
Density: 15.38 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 4° N - 5° S; long. 11° - 18° E
Capital: Brazzaville (capital) 1 503 803 inhab. (2010);
Currency: CFA franc (100 centimes)
Human development index: 0.606 (rank: 137)
President: Denis Sassou-Nguesso (PCT), since 25 October 1997, elected on 10 March 2002, last re-elected 20 March 2016
: Clément Mouamba (independent), since 23 April 2016
National Assembly: seats based on the elections of 16 and 30 July 2017: PCT (Congolese Labour Party), 90; UDH-Yuki (Union of Humanist Democrats), 8; UPADS (Pan-African Union for Social Democracy), 8; RDPS (Rally for Democracy and Social Progress), 3; independents and others, 33; vacant, 9
Internet: www.cnsee.org (Centre National de la Statistique)
Member of AU, CEMAC, OPEC, UN, WTO

Congo, Rep.

Congo, République du Congo
Useful information

International license plate code RCB
International dialling code 00242
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required); malaria prophylaxis (recommended)
Electricity (Voltage) 230
Driving side rigth
Internet code .cg

GMT  +1
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Brazzaville 24.9
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Brazzaville 25.5/22
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Brazzaville 4/4
Annual average precipitation (mm) Brazzaville 1343
Days of rainfall (annual average) Brazzaville 85

Geography.
Congo is bordered by Cameroon and the Central African Republic to the north, by the Democratic Republic of Congo to the east and south, by Angola to the south-west, and by Gabon to the west. The country faces out to the Atlantic Ocean in the south-west. The climate is hot and humid.

Government


Formerly a part of French Equatorial Africa (AEF), Congo became independent on 15 August 1960. Three years later a Marxist inspired government came to power with the PCT (Congolese Labour Party) at the helm. The PCT later came under the control of the armed forces until a multi-party constitution was introduced in 1992. In 1997, after a long civil war and with the support of Angolan troops, General Sassou-Nguesso (a former president between 1979 and 1992) came to power and dissolved parliament. On the basis of the Constitution approved in 2002 and amended in 2015, the President of the Republic, who appoints the Prime Minister, is elected by direct suffrage for a term of five years. The two-chamber parliament is made up of the National Assembly (151 members, elected for five-year terms) and the Senate (72 members, elected for six-year terms).

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Air force12%2015
Army80%2015
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides9.3per 100 000 pop.2015
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Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Brazzaville1 503 803inhab.2010
Pointe-Noire787 799inhab.2010
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2018)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate34.12017
Death rate7.12017
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
other35%2000
Kongo21.2%2000


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Protestant55%2012
Catholic32%2012


Languages
DESCRIPTION
French (official)
Kikongo
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years41.8%2018
15-29 years24.3%2018


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Economy


The country is heavily dependent on the price of oil, its main source of income. Congo also has very strong ties with China, especially in the raw materials sector.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)137.8index2016
Balance of trade6 564.1M US$2018
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population2 164 349units2018
Active population, Females48.5%2018
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate10.4%2018
Unemployment rate, Females51.8%2018
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses2 081 696M LCU2017
Revenues1 506 618M LCU2017
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture35.8%2018
industry22.3%2018
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture7.5%2017
industry47.9%2017
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation494.62BN LCU2018
International reserves423.6M US$2018
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Agriculture


After cassava, the main products are plantation crops such as peanuts, pineapple, sugar cane and bananas. The forests supply both valuable wood and timber for construction, as well as nuts, palm oil and rubber.

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land1.84%2015
forests65.4%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total30.8231000 t2017
maize11.731000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava1 484.3531000 t2017
potatoes5.7111000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages1.5671000 t2017
carrots and turnips0.4961000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry4.1791000 t2017
beans, green4.2061000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts27.3151000 t2017
sesame seed0.2751000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruits148.0571000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts3.4371000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa41000 t2017
coffee3.1971000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane701.6981000 t2017
tobacco0.4841000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total260.7311000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits14.5211000 t2017
grapefruits4.6941000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados9.7471000 t2017
bananas83.9191000 t2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize14.1011000 ha2017
millet17.2261000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava139.751000 ha2017
potatoes0.6661000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.1031000 ha2017
carrots and turnips0.0771000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry5.1441000 ha2017
beans, green1.0211000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts52.4021000 ha2017
sesame seed0.6081000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruit11.8761000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts0.9771000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa121000 ha2017
coffee10.3781000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane20.5451000 ha2017
tobacco1.0711000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits1.9661000 ha2017
grapefruits0.3081000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados1.2151000 ha2017
bananas12.2651000 ha2017
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
natural rubber2 594t2017
timber3 671 8482017
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle362.1061000 heads2017
cattle and buffaloes362.1061000 heads2017
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs106.4031000 heads2017
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep122.6141000 heads2017
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats326.8261000 heads2017
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
equines, total0.0791000 heads2017
horses0.0791000 heads2017
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds2 9811000 heads2017
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs1.61000 t2017
hides and skins1.1661000 t2013
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs801t2017
freshwater fishes39 049t2017
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Minerals


Oil fields (the source of the country’s main export) lie offshore, on the ocean bed close to the coast. A plant for the production of LPG is also in operation on the N’Kossa platform. In addition to petroleum, natural gas is partially used to produce electricity. The production is controlled by Western and Chinese companies. Diamond, gold and iron deposits (near Zanaga) are exploited. Other industries are limited but there are chemicals and petrochemicals (at Pointe-Noire), foodstuffs, textiles and shoemaking as well as tobacco production and cement works (at Dolisie, Hinda, Loutété, Madingou, Mindouli). 2010 saw a hydroelectricity plant coming online at Imboulou, financed by the Chinese. The CFA franc is pegged to the Euro at a fixed exchange rate.

Mineral resources - Energy minerals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
natural gas259M m³2017
oil, crude16 981.51000 t2018
Mineral resources - Precious metals and stones
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
diamonds12.11000 ct2016
gold150kg2016
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- hydro949M kWh2016
- thermal746.36M kWh2016
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal3901000 kW2016
- hydro2011000 kW2016
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation1 695.96M kWh2016
total installed capacity591.51000 kW2016
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Industry

Industry - Petrochemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
petrol155.91000 t2014
Industry - Chemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
paints7.21000 t2010
soap2.11000 t2010
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley3001000 t2014
fish, salted or smoked8.11000 t2004
Industry - Tobacco
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cigarettes750M units2004
cigarettes, packs54M units2010
Industry - Paper and wood products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
other paper31000 t2017
paper31000 t2017
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement9501000 t2016
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
food, beverages and tobacco production319.8M US$2009
machinery and transport equipment production33.7M US$2009
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufactures52.955% of goods exports2017
fuels44.849% of goods exports2017
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
201810 034M US$ -
20176 078M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20183 470M US$ -
20173 745M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures457M US$2016
Number of arrivals206 000units2017
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown1 300 000km flown2004
Civil aviation, passengers carried333.91000 units2017
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers0.102per 1000 pop.2014
Computers5.6per 1000 pop.2005
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling10.6years2012
Gross enrolment ratio, primary - Female108index2012
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level16 527units2012
Teachers, secondary level18 165units2012
Social statistics - Social protection
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Social protection spending0.8% of total expenses2003
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds1.6per 1000 pop.2005
Physicians0.1per 1000 pop.2010
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV3.1% of adults2017
HIV, total3.5%2001
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking24.13%2016
Access to electricity66.214%2017
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