Form of Government: Presidential republic
Area: 342 000 sq km
Population: 5 125 821 inhab. (estimate 2016)
Density: 14.99 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 4° N - 5° S; long. 11° - 18° E
Capital: Brazzaville (capital) 1 503 803 inhab. (2010);
Currency: CFA franc (100 centimes)
Human development index: 0.592 (rank: 135)
President: Denis Sassou-Nguesso (PCT), since 25 October 1997, elected on 10 March 2002, last re-elected 20 March 2016
: Clément Mouamba (independent), since 23 April 2016
National Assembly: seats based on the elections of 16 and 30 July 2017: PCT (Congolese Labour Party), 90; UDH-Yuki (Union of Humanist Democrats), 8; UPADS (Pan-African Union for Social Democracy), 8; RDPS (Rally for Democracy and Social Progress), 3; independents and others, 33; vacant, 9
Internet: www.cnsee.org (Centre National de la Statistique)
Member of AU, CEMAC, UN, WTO

Congo, Rep.

Congo, République du Congo
Useful information

International license plate code RCB
International dialling code 00242
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required); malaria prophylaxis (recommended)
Electricity (Voltage) 230
Driving side rigth
Internet code .cg

GMT  +1
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Brazzaville 24.9
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Brazzaville 25.5/22
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Brazzaville 4/4
Annual average precipitation (mm) Brazzaville 1343
Days of rainfall (annual average) Brazzaville 85

Geography.
Congo is bordered by Cameroon and the Central African Republic to the north, by the Democratic Republic of Congo to the east and south, by Angola to the south-west, and by Gabon to the west. The country faces out to the Atlantic Ocean in the south-west. The climate is hot and humid.

Government


Formerly a part of French Equatorial Africa (AEF), Congo became independent on 15 August 1960. Three years later a Marxist inspired government came to power with the PCT (Congolese Labour Party) at the helm. The PCT later came under the control of the armed forces until a multi-party constitution was introduced in 1992. In 1997, after a long civil war and with the support of Angolan troops, General Sassou-Nguesso (a former president between 1979 and 1992) came to power and dissolved parliament. On the basis of the Constitution approved in 2002 and amended in 2015, the President of the Republic, who appoints the Prime Minister, is elected by direct suffrage for a term of five years. The two-chamber parliament is made up of the National Assembly (151 members, elected for five-year terms) and the Senate (72 members, elected for six-year terms).

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Air force12%2015
Army80%2015
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides10.1per 100 000 pop.2015
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Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Brazzaville1 503 803inhab.2010
Pointe-Noire787 799inhab.2010
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2017)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate34.62016
Death rate7.32016
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
other35%2000
Kongo21.2%2000


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Protestant55%2012
Catholic32%2012


Languages
DESCRIPTION
French (official)
Kikongo
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years41.7%2017
15-29 years24.5%2017


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Economy


The country is heavily dependent on the price of oil, its main source of income. Congo also has very strong ties with China, especially in the raw materials sector.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)137.8index2016
Balance of trade2 234M US$2017
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population2 115 908units2017
Active population, Females48.6%2017
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate11%2017
Unemployment rate, Females51.8%2017
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses1 588 446M LCU2016
Revenues1 506 618M LCU2016
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture37.2%2017
industry25.9%2017
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture9.3%2016
industry51.9%2016
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation507.6BN LCU2017
International reserves380M US$2017
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Agriculture


After cassava, the main products are plantation crops such as peanuts, pineapple, sugar cane and bananas. The forests supply both valuable wood and timber for construction, as well as nuts, palm oil and rubber.

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land1.84%2015
forests65.4%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total29.2191000 t2016
maize11.0831000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava1 365.6981000 t2016
potatoes5.5511000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages1.5561000 t2016
carrots and turnips0.4871000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry4.1521000 t2016
beans, green4.161000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts26.281000 t2016
sesame seed0.2761000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruits147.5841000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts3.4351000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa1.0451000 t2016
coffee3.1841000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane687.3651000 t2016
tobacco0.4721000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total260.7311000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits14.3251000 t2016
grapefruits4.6761000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados9.2141000 t2016
bananas81.0561000 t2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize13.2371000 ha2016
millet16.371000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava129.7881000 ha2016
potatoes0.651000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.1021000 ha2016
carrots and turnips0.0761000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry5.0381000 ha2016
beans, green1.011000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts52.6121000 ha2016
sesame seed0.6041000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruit11.8231000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts0.9781000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa3.9021000 ha2016
coffee10.2611000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane20.1321000 ha2016
tobacco1.0481000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits1.9681000 ha2016
grapefruits0.311000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados1.1521000 ha2016
bananas11.6341000 ha2016
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
natural rubber2 365t2016
timber3 610 1112016
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle360.3981000 heads2016
cattle and buffaloes360.3981000 heads2016
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs103.41000 heads2016
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep124.0321000 heads2016
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats324.8691000 heads2016
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
equines, total0.0781000 heads2016
horses0.0781000 heads2016
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds2 9381000 heads2016
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs1.461000 t2016
hides and skins1.1661000 t2013
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs943t2016
freshwater fishes40 165t2016
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Minerals


Oil fields (the source of the country’s main export) lie offshore, on the ocean bed close to the coast. A plant for the production of LPG is also in operation on the N’Kossa platform. In addition to petroleum, natural gas is partially used to produce electricity. The production is controlled by Western and Chinese companies. Diamond, gold and iron deposits (near Zanaga) are exploited. Other industries are limited but there are chemicals and petrochemicals (at Pointe-Noire), foodstuffs, textiles and shoemaking as well as tobacco production and cement works (at Loutété).
2010 saw a hydroelectricity plant coming online at Imboulou, financed by the Chinese. The CFA franc is pegged to the Euro at a fixed exchange rate.

Mineral resources - Energy minerals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
natural gas259M m³2017
oil, crude12 179.81000 t2017
Mineral resources - Precious metals and stones
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
diamonds401000 ct2016
gold150kg2015
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- hydro916M kWh2015
- thermal760.46M kWh2015
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal3361000 kW2015
- hydro2091000 kW2015
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation1 676.46M kWh2015
total installed capacity5451000 kW2015
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Industry

Industry - Petrochemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
petrol155.91000 t2014
Industry - Chemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
paints7.21000 t2010
soap2.11000 t2010
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley3001000 t2014
fish, salted or smoked8.11000 t2004
Industry - Tobacco
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cigarettes750M units2004
cigarettes, packs54M units2010
Industry - Paper and wood products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
other paper31000 t2016
paper31000 t2016
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement7001000 t2015
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
food, beverages and tobacco production319.8M US$2009
machinery and transport equipment production33.7M US$2009
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fuels61.868% of goods exports2014
manufactures36.763% of goods exports2014
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20175 055.160M US$ -
20163 788.710M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20172 821.254M US$ -
20165 486.772M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures435M US$2014
Number of arrivals224 000units2016
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown1 300 000km flown2004
Civil aviation, passengers carried333.91000 units2017
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers0.102per 1000 pop.2014
Computers5.6per 1000 pop.2005
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling10.6years2012
Gross enrolment ratio, primary - Female108index2012
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level16 527units2012
Teachers, secondary level18 165units2012
Social statistics - Social protection
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Social protection spending0.8% of total expenses2003
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds1.6per 1000 pop.2005
Physicians0.1per 1000 pop.2010
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV3.1% of adults2016
HIV, total3.5%2001
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking24.13%2016
Access to electricity56.566%2016
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