Form of Government: Republic
Area: 756 096 sq km
Population: 19 678 363 inhab. (estimate 2021)
Density: 26.03 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 17° - 56° S; long. 76° - 66° W
Capital: Santiago (administrative capital) 6 310 000 inhab. (2017); Santiago 8 242 459 inhab. (2021), urban agglomeration; Valparaíso (legislative capital) 296 655 inhab. (2017);
Currency: Chilean peso (100 centavos)
Human development index: 0.851 (rank: 43)
President and head of government: Sebastián Piñera (National Renewal), elected 17 December 2017, in office since 11 March 2018
Chamber of Deputies: seats based on the elections of 19 November 2017: Chile Vamos (centre-right coalition), 72; The Force of the Majority (centre-left coalition), 43; Broad Front (left coalition), 20; others, 20
Internet: www.ine.cl (Instituto Nacional de Estadísticas)
Member of APEC, Mercosur associated, OAS, OECD, PROSUR, UN, WTO

Chile

Chile, República de Chile
Useful information

International license plate code RCH
International dialling code 0056
Travel vaccinations requirement none
Electricity (Voltage) 220
Driving side rigth
Internet code .cl

GMT  -4
DST  -3
DST duration (start-end) mid October (Sunday 12)-mid March (Sunday 9)

Annual average temperature (°C) Santiago 14.7; Antofagasta 16.3; Punta Arenas 6.6
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Santiago 20.5/9; Antofagasta 20/13; Punta Arenas 10.5/1.5
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Santiago 4/11; Antofagasta 6/9; Punta Arenas 3/8
Annual average precipitation (mm) Santiago 355; Antofagasta 8; Punta Arenas 450
Days of rainfall (annual average) Santiago 31; Antofagasta 0; Punta Arenas 75

Politics and current affairs

The referendum held on 25 October 2020, set out in the agreement dated 15 November 2019 following the widespread protests against economic inequality, which had begun the previous October, established reforms to the constitution by calling for a constituent assembly. The assembly members were elected on 15-16 May 2021 with a good result for independent candidates at the expense of the parties.

Geography.
Chile is bordered by Peru to the north, Bolivia to the north-east and Argentina to the east (the border follows the line of the Andes Mountain Chain). The South Pacific Ocean lies off its west coast. The country forms a long, thin strip (4300 km), with an average width of 175 km, between the Andes and the Pacific Ocean.
The mountains, the highest peaks of which are Mount Aconcagua (6962 m) and Mount Ojos del Salado (6893 m), occupy about one third of the land. The main rivers are the Loa and the Biobío. The climate varies in different parts of the country. In the north, the climate is hot and dry, in the centre the climate is Mediterranean while, in the south, there is a cold, temperate oceanic climate.
Chile also owns the Desventuradas Islands (part of the Atacama region, 3.33 km², and including San Felix 1.6 km², San Ambrosio 1.5 km² and Gonzales 0.2 km²) and the Juan Fernández Islands (part of the Valparaíso region, 185 km², population 509, and including Robinson Crusoe Island, formerly Más a Tierra, 95 km², Alejandro Selkirk, formerly Más Afuera, 85 km², and Santa Clara, 5 km². Chile has also been granted sovereignty over the islands of Picton, Nueva and Lennox, in the Beagle Channel.

Government


Chile became independent from Spain on 18 September 1818. In the 1925 Constitution, Chile assumed the character of a western-style democracy. During the following decades, Chile enjoyed a certain amount of political and social stability until 11 September 1973, when the left-wing government of Salvador Allende (in power since 1970) was toppled by a coup supported by the United States.
The military junta of General Augusto Pinochet closed down Parliament, dissolved the political parties, abolished the Constitution, abolished civil liberties and proceeded to install a regime based on ruthless repression. The first signs of a return to democracy appeared in 1980, when a popular vote approved a new Constitution (which came into force on 11 March 1981, was amended by referendum on 30 July 1989 and further altered later). On 8 October 1988, the committee governing elections rejected General Pinochet’s bid to stay in power for another eight years and at the subsequent 1989 elections the candidate for the united opposition, Christian Democrat Patricio Aylwin, was elected President of the Republic, putting an end to the long authoritarian regime.
The President of the Republic, who is elected by direct suffrage, is also head of the government; the new Constitution, which came into force on 17 September 2005, reduced the presidential mandate from six years to four, and it cannot be renewed. Legislative power lies in the hands of the National Congress, which comprises the Chamber of Deputies (155 members, elected for four years) and the Senate (43 members, who stay in office for eight years, half being renewed every four years). In 2015 an electoral reform was approved, increasing the representation of lesser parties and which will bring the number of members of the House to 150 and those of the Senate to 50. The Congress has been headquartered in Valparaíso since 1987.


Defence.
Military service is almost completely voluntary. It lasts for one year in the army and for 22 months in the navy and the air force.


Justice.
The legal system is based on Spanish Law.
Divorce became legal in Chile in 2004.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Air force14.3%2018
Army60$%2018
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Crimes398.4per 100 000 pop.2017
Homicides3.6per 100 000 pop.2017
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Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Santiago6 310 000inhab.2017
Puente Alto568 106inhab.2017
Urban agglomerations
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Santiago8 242 459inhab.2021
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2020)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate12.32020
Death rate6$2020
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mestizo72$%2002
white22$%2002


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Catholic66.7%2012
Protestant16.4%2012


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Amerindian languages
Spanish (official)
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years19.7%2020
15-29 years21.8%2020


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Economy


Economic situation.
Recovery in 2021 was boosted by government tax stimulus, rising copper prices and the resumption of activity caused by an effective vaccination campaign. Revenues from exports, particularly copper, are partially stored in a sovereign fund used to finance the deficit in difficult periods. Considerable social inequality, linked with the lower social welfare inherited by the dictatorship, sparks nationwide unrest. The widespread use of credit makes families especially vulnerable to the economic slowdown.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)113.51index2016
Agricultural prod. index (2014-16=100)103.12index2019
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population8 808 160units2020
Active population, Females41.2%2020
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate10.7%2020
Unemployment rate, Females42.3%2020
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses51 058 182M LCU2020
Revenues40 134 874M LCU2020
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture6.981%2020
industry21.882%2020
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture3.87%2019
industry32.025%2019
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation14 804.079BN LCU2020
International reserves39 166.118M US$2020
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Agriculture


Primary sector
Agriculture.
Most of the large commercial estates, which constitute about three-quarters of the cultivated land and produce mainly for export, lie in the centre of Chile. In the north, smallholdings predominate, based on subsistence farming (growing legumes and cereals).
The most important sectors for export are fruit and vegetables (grapes, apples, kiwifruit, pears, plums, peaches and tomatoes), sugar beet and wine, a sector where quality is constantly on the increase. Although cereal crops are very important (wheat, barley, oats, maize and rice), harvests are not enough to meet the country’s requirements.
Forests.
Forests are located in the south of the country and include several southern species of beech, including the Nothofagus obliqua and some conifers, e.g. the prized larch (Fitzroya cupressoides), as well as poplars and eucalyptus.
Livestock.
Livestock farming is practised extensively; llama and alpaca are kept on the plateaux for their highly-prized wool.
Fishing.
Fishing plays a vital role in the Chilean economy and fuels a fish oil and fish-flour industry. Anchovies, sardines, cod, mackerel and seafood are among the species fished the most. Fish farming produces salmon, sole, trout and shellfish.

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land2.257%2018
forests24.162%2018
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley210.891000 t2019
cereals, total3 294.6011000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes1 162.5681000 t2019
roots and tubers, total1 181.0041000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
artichokes10.9261000 t2019
asparagus11.7671000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry17.0841000 t2019
beans, green44.8681000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grapes2 701.5881000 t2019
raisins64$1000 t2006
Agriculture - products - Olive
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
olives126.0711000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
rapeseed185.3181000 t2019
soybeans0$1000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar beet1 313.3681000 t2019
tobacco7.3621000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Flax
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
flax fibre and tow3.2011000 t2019
linseed1.3731000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Fiber plants
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
hemp tow waste4.1651000 t2019
hempseed1.5391000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples1 621.3211000 t2019
apricots5.8681000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
almonds38.951000 t2019
hazelnuts35$1000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits496.8251000 t2019
grapefruits0.9571000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados162.9881000 t2019
papayas2.3811000 t2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley28.6051000 ha2019
maize80.4281000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes41.8111000 ha2019
sweet potatoes1.411000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
artichokes1.4331000 ha2019
cabbages2.2611000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry10.2481000 ha2019
beans, green2.6321000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grape195.3571000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Olive
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
olive21.9511000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
rapeseed48.1661000 ha2019
soybeans0$1000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar beet12.9191000 ha2019
tobacco2.3961000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Flax
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
flax fibre and tow2.8371000 ha2019
linseed4.1571000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Fiber plants
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
hemp tow waste4.3811000 ha2019
hempseed3.3231000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples32.3711000 ha2019
apricots0.6641000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
almonds8.8671000 ha2019
hazelnuts24.4371000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits20.9681000 ha2019
grapefruits0.2721000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados29.2241000 ha2019
papayas0.1511000 ha2019
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber63 717 1332019
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle3 108.0891000 heads2019
cattle and buffaloes3 108.0891000 heads2019
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs2 566.7821000 heads2019
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep2 234.8921000 heads2019
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats349.1241000 heads2019
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses15.3391000 heads2019
asses and mules22.2091000 heads2019
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds147 5541000 heads2019
Livestock - Beekeeping
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
honey11.6441000 t2019
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
butter25.291000 t2018
cheese106.7251000 t2018
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs548 908.684t2019
marine fishes1 782 220.263t2019
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Minerals


Secondary
sector
Minerals.
The main mineral produced is copper (with deposits at El Salvador, El Teniente, Chuquicamata and Andina, which have smelting and refining plants close by). Copper-processing generates various by-products including arsenic, molybdenum, rhenium and selenium. Other important minerals are gold (deposits at Andacollo and Marga Marga), silver (at La Serena, Taltal and Caracoles) and sulfur (on the slopes of Aucanquilcha). Molybdenum is mined at Valparaíso, Vallenar, Santiago and Coquimbo. Iron is mined at El Laco (Antofagasta), Carmen, Las Adrianitas, Cerro Imán, Bandurrias, Boquerón-Chañar, El Algarrobo (Atacama), El Pleito, El Romeral and El Dorado (Coquimbo). There are significant lithium reserves (Salar de Atacama). Deposits of nitrates (Chile saltpetre) are found in northern Chile (at Iquique, Antofagasta, Tocopilla and Taltal). By-products of sodium nitrate include borax (at Ascotán, Chilcaya and Pedernal) and iodine. Oil is extracted in the south of the country (at Cerro Manantiales in Tierra del Fuego). A 72-km pipeline long takes the crude oil to the port at Caleta Clarencia. Refineries are in operation at Concón, near Valparaíso, Hualpén, near Concepción, and at San Gregorio, in Patagonia. There are natural gas reserves at Pampa Larga, Punta Delgada and Chanarcillo, but most of the demand is satisfied by import. Coal is mined in the provinces of Arauco and Magallanes.
Energy.
Much of the electricity is produced from thermal power-plants (fueled by coal, gas and oil) and hydro-electric schemes (power-plants on the rivers Biobío, Melado, Raja, Rapel and near Lake Colbún). Regasification plants are active in Mejillones and Quintero.
Industry.
Industrial activities are mainly linked to the processing of the raw materials obtained from mining, farming and forestry. In addition to copper-working (at Chuquicamata, El Teniente-Caletones, Potrerillos, El Salvador, Paipote, Las Ventanas, Chagres and Antofagasta), iron and steel is important (at Huachipato, Talcahuano and Corral). The chemical industry produces caustic soda, sulfuric acid and nitrogenous fertilizers. At Calama explosives are made for the mining industry. At Santiago there are pharmaceutical plants. One of the main segments of the economy is textiles, using Chilean wool (at Tomé, Concepción, Valparaíso and Santiago) and imported cotton. There are rayon production plants at Llolleo and Quillota. Synthetic fibres are produced at San Joaquín and Santiago. There are tanneries and footwear factories at Valdivia, Santiago, Valparaíso, Concepción and Chillán. In the food-processing segment, the most important sectors are fish, frozen meat and conserves (at Punta Arenas, Ancud, Osorno, Valparaíso, Coquimbo, Antofagasta and Iquique), as well as sugar refining (at Chillán, Curicó, Linares, Los Ángeles) and beer. A plant for the production of automotive components is active in Los Andes. The paper industry is concentrated in Arauco, Chillán, Collipulli, Constitución, Laja, Licantén, Mariquina, Maule, Nacimiento, Valdivia. Cigarettes, tyres and cement are also produced (near Santiago, Valparaíso, Concepción, and at San Antonio, Curicó, Puerto Montt).

Mineral resources - Energy minerals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coal191.61000 t2020
coal, total191.61000 t2020
Mineral resources - Metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
copper5 772.61000 t2020
iron ore9 890.91000 t2020
Mineral resources - Non-metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bentonite0.171000 t2020
boron288.11000 t2020
Mineral resources - Rocks
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
diatomite21.51000 t2020
dolomite15.81000 t2020
Mineral resources - Precious metals and stones
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
gold33 895kg2020
silver1 575 794kg2020
Mineral resources - Other minerals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arsenic10$1000 t2014
iodine21 941t2020
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal41 975.7M kWh2019
- hydro20 665.26M kWh2019
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal16 376.321000 kW2018
- hydro6 8271000 kW2019
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation78 415.55M kWh2019
total installed capacity27 637.021000 kW2018
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Industry

Industry - Iron and Steel, Metallurgy
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coke, metall.5191000 t2019
copper2 4001000 t2020
Industry - Machinery and transport equipment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bikes8 000no.2010
tractors298no.2008
Industry - Precision and optical instruments
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
watches and clocks2 924no.2016
Industry - Electrical and electronics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
air conditioners510no.2016
computers1 130no.2012
Industry - Petrochemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bitumen4501000 t2006
petrol3 947.71000 t2014
Industry - Chemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
caustic soda115.61000 t2016
nitrogen fertilizers40.91000 t2019
Industry - Textiles
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
carpets1 548.51000 m²2016
cotton fabrics - m7.55M m2016
Industry - Clothing and footwear
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
footwear801 423pairs2016
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley8671000 t2018
cottonseed oil0.81000 t2018
Industry - Tobacco
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cigarettes20 027.1M units2016
cigars and cigarettes20 027.1M units2016
Industry - Paper and wood products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chemical pulp4 9881000 t2019
chemi-mechanical pulp5 2931000 t2019
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement4 2001000 t2018
sheet glass368.51000 m²2016
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chemicals production4 097.745M US$2017
food, beverages and tobacco production12 024.108M US$2018
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Trade


Tertiary sector
Foreign trade.
Chile’s main trading partners are China, the USA, Brazil, Japan, South Korea and Argentina. Chile has signed free-trade agreements with the USA, China and many other countries and international organizations, including the EU and Mercosur.


Main exports (M US$ - 2017) refined copper 17 799, copper ores 17 404, fresh and preserved fruit 6 033, fresh and preserved fish 5 585, wood pulp 2 614, timber 2 233, chemicals 2 116, wine 2 018, molybdenum 986, iron ores 983, gold and silver 932, meat 813, vehicles and parts thereof 798, machinery 673, fruit & vegetable juices and preserves 610, fertilizers 565, iron and steel 535, paper 480, plastics 461, petroleum products 445, electric and electronic equipment 412


Financeand banking.
The Banco Central de Chile acts as Chile’s central bank. The main bank is the Banco del Estado, which is state-owned.
There is a stock exchange at Santiago.

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
ores and metals52.129% of goods exports2019
food products26.193% of goods exports2019
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
China25 107M US$2020
United States9 384M US$2020
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
China15 142M US$2020
United States9 925M US$2020
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
202071 728M US$ -
201969 889M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
202059 032M US$ -
201969 802M US$ -
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Tourism


Tourism. The main attractions for tourists are the Andean ski resorts, its beaches, Tierra del Fuego and Easter Island.

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures3 123M US$2019
Number of arrivals4 518 000units2019
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Communications


Transport.
The most important road in Chile is the Pan-American Highway (3369 km) between Arica and Puerto Montt. The Trans-Andean Highway, which connects Chile to Argentina, is very important for trade.
The railway network is based on Santiago; four lines cross the Andes (to Argentina and Bolivia) but are little used.
The port and airport networks are highly developed.

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown136 400 000km flown2009
Civil aviation, passengers carried21 197.81000 units2019
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers180.947per 1000 pop.2019
Computers141.1per 1000 pop.2005
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Social and welfare


Education and research.
With the approval of a law in 2013, pre-school education became mandatory and free of charge for children over 2 years, bringing the overall duration of mandatory education to 13 years.


Social security.
The social security system (which dates from 1981) provides free hospital care for all citizens over the age of 60. The pension system was privatized in 1980 and reformed in 2008 to cover more people.

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling16.586years2018
Gradautes, percentage25.168%2019
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Students, primary level1 540 085units2018
Students, secondary level1 522 145units2018
Social statistics - Social protection
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Social protection spending24.837% of total expenses2019
Social protection spending11.397% of GDP2019
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds2.06per 1000 pop.2018
Physicians2.59per 1000 pop.2018
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV0.5% of adults2019
HIV, total0.1%2001
Museums
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Museums27$units2019
Museums, visitors2 540 078units2019
Research
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Research and development spending0.356% of GDP2017
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking100%2019
Access to electricity100%2019
Household consumption expenditure
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clothing, footwear3.4%2016-17
education6.5%2016-17
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