Form of Government: Republic
Area: 622 436 sq km
Population: 4 659 080 inhab. (estimate 2017)
Density: 7.49 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 11° - 2° N; long. 14° - 27° E
Capital: Bangui (capital) 850 946 inhab. (2018);
Currency: CFA franc (100 centimes)
Human development index: 0.367 (rank: 188)
Head of State: Faustin-Archange Touadéra (independent), elected 14 February 2016, in office since 30 March 2016
Head of government: Firmin Ngrébada (independent), since 25 February 2019
National Assembly: seats based on the elections of 14 February and 31 March 2016: UNDP (National Union for Democracy and Progress), 13; URCA (Union for Central African Renewal), 13; RDC (Central African Democratic Rally), 10; MLPC (Movement for the Liberation of the Central African People), 9; KNK ("Kwa Na Kwa": National Convergence), 7; independents, 56; others, 23
Internet: www.stat-centrafrique.com (Division des Statistiques)
Member of AU, CEMAC, OIC observer, UN, WTO

Central African Republic

République Centrafricaine, Ködörösêse tî Bêafrîka
Useful information

International license plate code RCA
International dialling code 00236
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required); malaria prophylaxis (recommended)
Electricity (Voltage) 220
Driving side rigth
Internet code .cf

GMT  +1
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Bangui 25.5
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Bangui 26.5/24.5
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Bangui 5/7
Annual average precipitation (mm) Bangui 1555
Days of rainfall (annual average) Bangui 129

Politics and current affairs

Against a backdrop of continuous ethnic-religious conflict, particularly violent clashes were recorded on 10 April and 1 May 2018.

Geography.
The Central African Republic is bordered by Chad to the north, by Sudan and Southern Sudan to the east, by Congo and the Democratic Republic of Congo to the south and by Cameroon to the west. The country is mostly made up of plateaus rising respectively in the Bongo Massif to the north-east and the Yadé Massif to the north-west. The climate is hot and humid with two dry seasons.

Government


Formerly a French colony under the name Ubangi-Shari, the country achieved independence on 13 August 1960.
A coup d’état in 1966 brought Marshall Jean-Bédel Bokassa to power. In 1966 he declared himself Emperor but was removed from office in 1979 when the republic was restored. Another coup in 1981 brought André Kolingba to power. Pressure from the international community forced the military regime to begin a process of democratization in 1991 and the first elections in 1993 brought a victory for the Movement for the Liberation of the Central African People (MLPC) led by Ange-Félix Patassé. In 2002, yet another attempted coup d’état was repressed with the help of Libyan military forces, who intervened alongside government troops. The rebels nevertheless maintained control of much of the central and northern part of the country and, in 2003, after occupying the capital, their leader François Bozizé assumed power. In December 2012, rebel groups, who accused Bozizé of not respecting previous peace agreements, formed a coalition (Séléka) and launched an attack to take power. Despite the signing of a short-lived agreement (on 11 January 2013), on 23/24 March 2013, the capital was seized; Bozizé was forced to seek exile abroad and Michel Djotodia, Séléka’s leader, took over as president. The country’s new leadership was unable to restore peace and to disarm the militia, however, mostly comprising of Muslim fighters, leading to intensified clashes with the Christian majority. On 10 January 2014, Djotodia resigned, leaving the power to the transitional government which established new elections in 2015-16. On 5 December 2013, the United Nations Security Council approved an intervention of troops from the African Union and France (withdrawn at the end of 2016), which passed to UN control in 2014 (MINUSCA). The south-east of the country is involved in the guerrilla warfare by the Ugandan rebels of the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA). Based on the Constitution approved by a referendum on 13 and 14 December 2015, the country is a semi-presidential republic: the President of the Republic, elected by universal suffrage for a five-year term, sets the general objectives of the government and appoints the Prime Minister, who answers to both the President and the National Assembly (131 members elected for a five-year term). A Senate is formed, elected by the territorial groups for five-year terms.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Air force2.1%2015
Army97.9%2015
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides19.8per 100 000 pop.2016
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Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Administrative division
PrefectureAREAINHABITANTSYEAR
Bamingui-Bangoran58 200 sq km43 229 inhab.2003
Bangui (autonomous commune)67 sq km622 771 inhab.2003
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Bangui850 946inhab.2018
Bimbo124 176inhab.2003
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2018)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate35.32017
Death rate13.12017
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Baja33%2004
Banda27%2004


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Protestant60.5%2010
Catholic28.4%2010


Languages
DESCRIPTION
French (official)
Sango (official)
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years39.9%2018
15-29 years28.3%2018


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Economy


Subsistence agriculture is widespread. The equatorial forests in the south-west of the country provide mahogany and ebony. Livestock farming is encouraged by breeds of cattle that are immune to the tsetse fly. Diamond deposits are present in the west and south-west of the country. There are also deposits of gold, iron (Bambari) and uranium (Bakouma). There are textile plants (Bangui), chemical plants, mechanical industries, food production and breweries. Despite diamond exports, the country has a balance of trade deficit. The main trading partners are China, Indonesia, Norway, France and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The CFA franc is pegged to the Euro at a fixed exchange rate.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)121.89index2016
Balance of trade- 241.3M US$2018
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population1 952 603units2018
Active population, Females45.8%2018
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate6.5%2018
Unemployment rate, Females50.5%2018
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses136 000M LCU2015
Revenues105 000M LCU2015
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture72.8%2018
industry9.2%2018
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture31.1%2017
industry25.8%2017
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation193.58BN LCU2018
International reserves361.8M US$2018
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land3.02%2015
forests35.59%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total142.9231000 t2017
maize901000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava725.11000 t2017
potatoes1.3411000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
squashes22.0981000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts1501000 t2017
sesame seed11.51000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruits5.81000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa0.1491000 t2017
coffee9.3551000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane103.341000 t2017
tobacco0.5061000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton22.3911000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Fiber plants
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
jute0.1141000 t2014
sisal0.2461000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total282.8211000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits37.2691000 t2017
grapefruits5.1581000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados10.5761000 t2017
bananas112.6111000 t2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize104.9821000 ha2017
millet9.1651000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava255.1651000 ha2017
potatoes1.781000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pumpkins and squashes3.7561000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts122.3911000 ha2017
sesame seed501000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruit0.651000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa2.9591000 ha2017
coffee39.4051000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane21.9361000 ha2017
tobacco0.5691000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton49.0461000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Fiber plants
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
jute0.5311000 ha2014
sisal1.0181000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits7.9331000 ha2017
grapefruits0.6971000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados1.4471000 ha2017
bananas21.6141000 ha2017
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
gum arabic1 000t1998
natural rubber1 160t2017
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle4 592.8181000 heads2017
cattle and buffaloes4 592.8181000 heads2017
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs1 118.5071000 heads2017
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep433.4041000 heads2017
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats6 676.7741000 heads2017
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds7 4641000 heads2017
Livestock - Beekeeping
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
honey16.21000 t2013
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs2.751000 t2017
hides and skins15.4941000 t2013
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
freshwater fishes29 140t2017
total catch29 140t2017
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Precious metals and stones
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
diamonds91000 ct2016
diamonds, industrial - ct21000 ct2016
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- hydro170M kWh2016
renewable electricity generation99.416%2016
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- hydro191000 kW2016
- thermal191000 kW2016
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation171.4M kWh2016
total installed capacity38.31000 kW2016
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Industry

Industry - Iron and Steel, Metallurgy
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
aluminium, sheets184.11000 t2004
Industry - Chemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
soap1.81000 t2004
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley201000 t2014
cottonseed oil0.31000 t2014
Industry - Tobacco
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cigarettes, packs16M units2004
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufacturing production340.7M US$2017
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufactures65.123% of goods exports2017
agricultural raw materials12.462% of goods exports2017
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Belgium30.9M US$2007
Cameroon13.9M US$2005
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
France51.4M US$2007
Netherlands38.4M US$2007
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2018178M US$ -
2017140M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2018419M US$ -
2017368M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures69.8M US$2013
Number of arrivals120 500units2015
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown1 500 000km flown2001
Civil aviation, passengers carried46.41000 units2001
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers0.204per 1000 pop.2016
Computers2.9per 1000 pop.2005
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling7years2012
Graduates615units2012
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level9 756units2016
Teachers, secondary level4 357units2017
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds1per 1000 pop.2011
Physicians0.05per 1000 pop.2009
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV4% of adults2017
HIV, total6.6%2001
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking0.97%2016
Access to electricity29.982%2017
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