Form of Government: Republic
Area: 4 033 sq km
Population: 537 661 inhab. (estimate 2017)
Density: 133.32 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 17° - 15° N; long. 26° - 22° W
Capital: Praia (capital) 127 832 inhab. (2010);
Currency: escudo de Cabo Verde (100 centavos)
Human development index: 0.648 (rank: 122)
President: Jorge Carlos Fonseca (MpD), since 9 September 2011, re-elected 2 October 2016
Prime Minister: Ulisses Correia e Silva (MpD), since 22 April 2016
Internet: www.ine.cv (Instituto Nacional de Estatística)
Member of AU, ECOWAS, UN, WTO

Cabo Verde

Cabo Verde, República de Cabo Verde
Useful information

International license plate code CV
International dialling code 00238
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required only if traveling from a country with risk of transmission)
Electricity (Voltage) 220
Driving side rigth
Internet code .cv

GMT  -1
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Praia 24.6
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Praia 22.5/26
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Praia 6/5
Annual average precipitation (mm) Praia 211
Days of rainfall (annual average) Praia 21

Geography.
The Cabo Verde archipelago is made up of 10 main islands and several minor ones in the Atlantic Ocean, off the coast of Senegal. The main islands are Santiago (991 km²), Santo Antão (779 km²), Boa Vista (620 km²), Fogo (476 km²) and São Nicolau (388 km²). All islands are of volcanic origin, the highest peak being in Fogo (2829 m).

Government


It has been independent from Portugal since 5 July 1975 and was politically united with Guinea-Bissau until 14 November 1980. From the outset, political power was assumed by the African Party for the Independence of Cabo Verde (PAICV) and was maintained until 17 February 1990.
Since then, the country has been governed alternately by the PAICV and the Movement for Democracy (MpD), which won the last election (20 March 2016).
Based on the 1992 Constitution, the President of the Republic and the National Assembly (comprising 72 members) are elected by direct suffrage for a five-year term.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Air force8.3%2015
Army83.4%2015
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides8.8per 100 000 pop.2015
Police personnel350.6per 100 000 pop.2015
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Administrative division

Administrative division
CountyAREAINHABITANTSYEAR
Boa Vista631 sq km16 621 inhab.2017
Brava63 sq km5 579 inhab.2017
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Praia127 832inhab.2010
Mindelo70 468inhab.2010
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2017)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE

Emigration levels are relatively high, particularly towards the USA, Portugal, Angola and the Netherlands. The number of Cabo Verdeans living abroad is estimated at over 500 000.

Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate20.92016
Death rate5.52016
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Creole69.6%2000
black26.8%2000


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Catholic77.3%2010
nonreligious/atheist10.8%2010


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Creole dialect
Portuguese (official)
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years29.1%2017
15-29 years29.7%2017


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Economy


Scarce natural resources make development difficult. Poverty is declining, but an increasing population means that emigration is still significant. Agriculture is rather limited and the country is forced to import more than three quarters of its food requirements. Mining and manufacturing are fairly insignificant. The only sectors with potential for growth are fishing (tuna and crustaceans) and tourism. Money sent by emigrants combined with international aid allows the country to finance its sizeable trade deficit. The Cabo Verde escudo is pegged to the Euro at a fixed exchange rate.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)96.69index2016
Balance of trade- 675M US$2017
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population230 113units2017
Active population, Females41.3%2017
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate10.3%2017
Unemployment rate, Females44.9%2017
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses54 917M LCU2017
Revenues49 272M LCU2017
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture67.7%2017
industry6.9%2017
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture10%2016
industry19.4%2016
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation11.8BN LCU2017
International reserves617.4M US$2017
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land13.4%2015
forests22.31%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total5.6421000 t2016
maize5.6421000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava5.3481000 t2016
potatoes21000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages3.0511000 t2016
carrots and turnips3.9531000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, green0.1611000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
castor oil seed0.0771000 t2016
groundnuts0.1931000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts4.4331000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coffee0.0681000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane28.3751000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total17.471000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas10.4431000 t2016
mangoes3.2841000 t2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize31.6981000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.4321000 ha2016
potatoes0.2741000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.1891000 ha2016
carrots and turnips0.1881000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, green0.0341000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
castor oil seed0.0951000 ha2016
groundnuts0.3681000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts1.391000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coffee0.31000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane1.2961000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas1.2061000 ha2016
mangoes0.1431000 ha2016
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber186 0002016
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle22.9021000 heads2016
cattle and buffaloes22.9021000 heads2016
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs87.1211000 heads2016
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep12.0291000 heads2016
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats206.2791000 heads2016
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses15.7841000 heads2016
asses and mules17.6851000 heads2016
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds1 0511000 heads2016
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs2.7531000 t2016
hides and skins0.3451000 t2013
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs35t2016
marine fishes19 865t2016
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Non-metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
salt1.61000 t2011
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal320M kWh2015
- other renew.142M kWh2015
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal1211000 kW2015
- other renew.36.51000 kW2015
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation462M kWh2015
total installed capacity157.51000 kW2015
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Industry

Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley81000 t2014
fish, frozen0.91000 t2003
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement1601000 t2011
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufacturing production136.1M US$2017
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
food products83.570% of goods exports2016
manufactures16.429% of goods exports2016
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Portugal332.5M US$2010
Netherlands98.4M US$2010
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
201764.790M US$ -
201659.712M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2017739.747M US$ -
2016665.918M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures75M US$2016
Number of arrivals598 000units2016
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown5 000 000km flown2003
Civil aviation, passengers carried358.11000 units2017
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers26.525per 1000 pop.2017
Computers140.3per 1000 pop.2007
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling12years2016
Graduates1 383units2016
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level2 995units2016
Teachers, secondary level3 607units2016
Social statistics - Social protection
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Social protection spending8.4% of total expenses2012
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds2.1per 1000 pop.2010
Physicians0.8per 1000 pop.2015
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV0.8% of adults2016
Malaria75cases2016
Research
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Research and development spending0.07% of GDP2011
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking71.05%2016
Access to electricity92.611%2016
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