Form of Government: Republic
Area: 4 033 sq km
Population: 544 081 inhab. (estimate 2018)
Density: 134.91 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 17° - 15° N; long. 26° - 22° W
Capital: Praia (capital) 167 504 inhab. (2018);
Currency: escudo de Cabo Verde (100 centavos)
Human development index: 0.654 (rank: 125)
President: Jorge Carlos Fonseca (MpD), since 9 September 2011, re-elected 2 October 2016
Prime Minister: Ulisses Correia e Silva (MpD), since 22 April 2016
Internet: www.ine.cv (Instituto Nacional de Estatística)
Member of AU, ECOWAS, UN, WTO

Cabo Verde

Cabo Verde, República de Cabo Verde
Useful information

International license plate code CV
International dialling code 00238
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required only if traveling from a country with risk of transmission)
Electricity (Voltage) 220
Driving side rigth
Internet code .cv

GMT  -1
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Praia 24.6
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Praia 22.5/26
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Praia 6/5
Annual average precipitation (mm) Praia 211
Days of rainfall (annual average) Praia 21

Geography.
The Cabo Verde archipelago is made up of 10 main islands and several minor ones in the Atlantic Ocean, off the coast of Senegal. The main islands are Santiago (991 km²), Santo Antão (779 km²), Boa Vista (620 km²), Fogo (476 km²) and São Nicolau (388 km²). All islands are of volcanic origin, the highest peak being in Fogo (2829 m).

Government


It has been independent from Portugal since 5 July 1975 and was politically united with Guinea-Bissau until 14 November 1980. From the outset, political power was assumed by the African Party for the Independence of Cabo Verde (PAICV) and was maintained until 17 February 1990.
Since then, the country has been governed alternately by the PAICV and the Movement for Democracy (MpD), which won the last election (20 March 2016).
Based on the 1992 Constitution, the President of the Republic and the National Assembly (comprising 72 members) are elected by direct suffrage for a five-year term.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Air force8.3%2015
Army83.4%2015
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides11.5per 100 000 pop.2016
Police personnel350.6per 100 000 pop.2015
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Administrative division

Administrative division
CountyAREAINHABITANTSYEAR
Boa Vista631 sq km17 708 inhab.2018
Brava63 sq km5 521 inhab.2018
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Praia167 504inhab.2018
Mindelo70 468inhab.2010
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2018)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE

Emigration levels are relatively high, particularly towards the USA, Portugal, Angola and the Netherlands. The number of Cabo Verdeans living abroad is estimated at over 500 000.

Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate20.72017
Death rate5.42017
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Creole69.6%2000
black26.8%2000


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Catholic77.3%2010
nonreligious/atheist10.8%2010


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Creole dialect
Portuguese (official)
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years28.7%2018
15-29 years29.2%2018


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Economy


Scarce natural resources make development difficult. Poverty is declining, but an increasing population means that emigration is still significant. Agriculture is rather limited and the country is forced to import more than three quarters of its food requirements. Mining and manufacturing are fairly insignificant. The main sector is tourism; fishing has a potential for growth (tuna and crustaceans). Money sent by emigrants combined with international aid allows the country to finance its sizeable trade deficit. The Cabo Verde escudo is pegged to the Euro at a fixed exchange rate.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)96.69index2016
Balance of trade- 740.7M US$2018
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population268 112units2018
Active population, Females47.6%2018
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate12.3%2018
Unemployment rate, Females49.5%2018
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses56 781M LCU2018
Revenues51 857M LCU2018
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture13.4%2018
industry21.9%2018
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture7%2017
industry21.1%2017
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation11.97BN LCU2018
International reserves606.4M US$2018
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land13.4%2015
forests22.31%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total5.3141000 t2017
maize5.3141000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava5.4351000 t2017
potatoes2.8641000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages1.181000 t2017
carrots and turnips2.921000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, green0.1621000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
castor oil seed0.0771000 t2017
groundnuts0.2271000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts4.9731000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coffee0.0471000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane28.3751000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total17.471000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas10.4161000 t2017
mangoes2.9911000 t2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize31.6991000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.4391000 ha2017
potatoes0.3071000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.0741000 ha2017
carrots and turnips0.1391000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, green0.0361000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
castor oil seed0.0951000 ha2017
groundnuts0.3781000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts1.5631000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coffee0.2431000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane1.281000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas0.3071000 ha2017
mangoes0.2771000 ha2017
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber186 0002017
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle29.5991000 heads2017
cattle and buffaloes29.5991000 heads2017
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs66.9051000 heads2017
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep12.6251000 heads2017
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats107.631000 heads2017
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses15.8111000 heads2017
asses and mules17.7091000 heads2017
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds1 0761000 heads2017
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs2.691000 t2017
hides and skins0.3451000 t2013
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs42t2017
marine fishes18 631t2017
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Non-metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
salt1.61000 t2011
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal320M kWh2016
non-renewable electricity generation81.012%2016
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal1291000 kW2016
- other renew.33.51000 kW2016
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation395M kWh2016
total installed capacity162.51000 kW2016
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Industry

Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley81000 t2014
fish, frozen0.91000 t2003
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement1601000 t2011
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufacturing production138.8M US$2018
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
food products83.562% of goods exports2018
manufactures16.436% of goods exports2018
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Portugal332.5M US$2010
Netherlands98.4M US$2010
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
201876M US$ -
201750M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2018816M US$ -
2017789M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures90M US$2017
Number of arrivals668 000units2017
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown5 000 000km flown2003
Civil aviation, passengers carried358.11000 units2017
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers26.525per 1000 pop.2017
Computers140.3per 1000 pop.2007
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling11.9years2017
Graduates1 133units2017
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level3 016units2017
Teachers, secondary level3 613units2017
Social statistics - Social protection
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Social protection spending14.1% of total expenses2016
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds2.1per 1000 pop.2013
Physicians0.8per 1000 pop.2015
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV0.6% of adults2017
Malaria892cases2017
Research
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Research and development spending0.07% of GDP2011
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking71.05%2016
Access to electricity92.913%2017
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