Form of Government: Republic
Area: 27 834 sq km
Population: 11 890 781 inhab. (estimate 2020)
Density: 427.2 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 2° - 4° S; long. 29° - 31° E
Capital: Gitega (capital) 41 944 inhab. (2008);
Currency: Burundi franc (100 centimes)
Human development index: 0.433 (rank: 185)
President and head of government: Évariste Ndayishimiye (CNDD-FDD), elected 20 May 2020, in office since 18 June 2020
Prime Minister: Alain-Guillaume Bunyoni (CNDD-FDD), since 23 June 2020
Internet: www.isteebu.bi (Institut de Statistiques)
Member of AU, COMESA, EAC, UN, WTO

Burundi

Burundi, République du Burundi, Republika y'u Burundi
Useful information

International license plate code BU
International dialling code 00257
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (recommended; it is also required if traveling from a country with risk of transmission); malaria prophylaxis (recommended)
Electricity (Voltage) 220
Driving side rigth
Internet code .bi

GMT  +2
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Bujumbura 22.8
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Bujumbura 23/22
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Bujumbura 9/5
Annual average precipitation (mm) Bujumbura 833
Days of rainfall (annual average) Bujumbura 90

Geography.
It is bordered by Rwanda to the north, Tanzania to the east and south, and by the Dem. Rep. of the Congo to the west. The country is made up of highlands sloping eastwards; south-western borders overlook Lake Tanganyika. The main river is the River Ruvubu (basin of the River Nile). The temperature range is small, and rainfall is moderate.

Government


Part of the German protectorate of Ruanda-Urundi (1884), Burundi was made a Belgian mandate territory in 1919, and the kingdom of Burundi achieved independence on 1 July 1962. Four years later King Ntare V was deposed by General Michel Micombero, a minority Tutsi leader, who proclaimed the country a republic on 29 November 1966 and gave rise to a government under the control of the Union for National Progress (UPRONA).
The following years saw the Tutsi military forces consolidate their power over the majority Hutus, suppressing any attempt at rebellion (the years 1971-1975 saw more than 100 000 victims, the majority of which were Hutu civilians, with thousands more killed in 1988). Only in the early 1990s did President Pierre Buyoya initiate a cautious process of liberalization with the first multi-party elections (1993) won by the Front for Democracy (FRODEBU), the main Hutu party. However, the assassination of the Hutu President Melchior Ndadaye (21 October 1993) a few months later started a new wave of bloodshed which further intensified after the killing of new Hutu President Cyprien Ntaryamira, assassinated on 6 April 1994.
A first step towards reconciliation was taken with the writing of a constitution by the Transitional National Assembly in 1998. Following this, the rebel forces set up a political party (CNDD-FDD), winning all the elections since 2005.
In accordance with the 2005 Constitution, amended in 2018 to strengthen the powers of the President and the government, ethnic quotas have been established that call for 60% Hutu and 40% Tutsi in institutional roles. The President of the Republic is elected by direct suffrage for seven years. The Parliament is made up of two chambers; the National Assembly (100 elected members and others appointed to guarantee ethnic and women representation) and the Senate (36 members elected by indirect vote, 3 chosen based on their ethnicity and up to 4 former presidents) with a five-year term.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Army100%2017
Military expenditure1.765% of GDP2019
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides6$per 100 000 pop.2016
Police personnel149.5per 100 000 pop.2014
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Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Bujumbura743 514inhab.2019
Gitega41 944inhab.2008
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2020)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate38.3772019
Death rate7.7662019
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hutu80$%2015
Tutsi19$%2015


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Catholic61.4%2008
Protestant21.4%2008


Languages
DESCRIPTION
French (official)
Kirundi (official)
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years43.7%2020
15-29 years27.2%2020


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Economy


The country relies on declining international aid and is sensitive to the price of imported goods, which can cause high inflation and lowering the population’s purchasing power. The main products are coffee and tea, which account for most of its exports. Locally-consumed produce includes bananas, cassava, sweet potatoes, dry beans and maize. There is a significant amount of livestock farming and fishing on Lake Tanganyika. Gold, tungsten, tantalite and, recently, rare earths are the main mineral resources. There are small textile plants, shoe and cigarette factories, sugar and cement plants and breweries.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)107.79index2016
Agricultural prod. index (2014-16=100)149.62index2019
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population5 148 000units2020
Active population, Females51.8%2020
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate0.8%2020
Unemployment rate, Females36.7%2019
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses1 516 425M LCU2019
Revenues1 327 087M LCU2019
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture92$%2019
industry1.5%2019
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture38.871%2019
industry17.757%2019
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation503.704BN LCU2020
International reserves90.319M US$2020
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land60.358%2018
forests10.889%2018
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total397.2711000 t2019
maize270.8131000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava2 408.9581000 t2019
potatoes376.4411000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry619.1511000 t2019
peas, dry12.7341000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
castor oil seed0$1000 t2017
groundnuts9.8131000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruits88.5741000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coffee14.0591000 t2019
tea11.3831000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane167.2421000 t2019
tobacco0.3471000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton1.7491000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total2 008.0821000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cashew nuts283.3281000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas1 179.7591000 t2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize270.7551000 ha2019
millet8.771000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava2961000 ha2019
potatoes53.6891000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry982.5331000 ha2019
peas, dry3.2351000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
castor oil seed0$1000 ha2017
groundnuts16.2751000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruit8.941000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coffee15.3891000 ha2019
tea8.3891000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane2.6681000 ha2019
tobacco0.5021000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton2.41000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cashew nuts276.3651000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas152.3731000 ha2019
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber6 624 0002019
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle756.0361000 heads2019
cattle and buffaloes756.0361000 heads2019
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs804.0131000 heads2019
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep728.051000 heads2019
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats3 227.9031000 heads2019
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds2 7281000 heads2019
Livestock - Beekeeping
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
honey0.571000 t2019
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
butter0.2711000 t2018
eggs2.1741000 t2019
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
freshwater fishes21 927t2019
total catch21 927t2019
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Energy minerals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
peat14.11000 t2018
Mineral resources - Metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
columbite-tantalite12$t2015
rare earths0.51000 t2020
Mineral resources - Precious metals and stones
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
gold576kg2018
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- hydro220M kWh2019
- thermal93$M kWh2018
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- hydro57$1000 kW2019
- thermal14$1000 kW2018
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation256.79M kWh2018
total installed capacity80$1000 kW2018
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Industry

Industry - Chemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
paints0.9731000 t2020
soap16.31000 t2020
Industry - Textiles
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fabrics - sq m2.9M m²2006
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley2401000 t2018
cottonseed oil0.1041000 t2018
Industry - Tobacco
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cigarettes980.1M units2020
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement1001000 t2018
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chemicals production7.512M US$2015
food, beverages and tobacco production235.998M US$2015
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
food products44.605% of goods exports2019
manufactures8.115% of goods exports2019
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Switzerland74.2M US$2010
United Kingdom36.8M US$2010
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Belgium100.1M US$2010
China100.1M US$2010
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2020205M US$ -
2019180M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2020914M US$ -
2019888M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures23$M US$2018
Number of arrivals299 000units2017
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown1 000 000km flown1998
Civil aviation, passengers carried12$1000 units2000
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers0.338per 1000 pop.2019
Computers9$per 1000 pop.2008
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling10.775years2018
Graduates17 638units2017
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Students, primary level2 170 884units2018
Students, secondary level674 855units2018
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds0.8per 1000 pop.2014
Physicians0.1per 1000 pop.2017
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV1$% of adults2019
HIV, total13$%2002
Research
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Research and development spending0.213% of GDP2018
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking0.2%2019
Access to electricity11.065%2019
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