Form of Government: Republic
Area: 270 764 sq km
Population: 19 632 147 inhab. (estimate 2017)
Density: 72.51 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 15° - 9° N; long. 5° W - 2° E
Capital: Ouagadougou (capital) 1 915 102 inhab. (2012);
Currency: CFA franc (100 centimes)
Human development index: 0.402 (rank: 185)
Head of State: Roch Marc Kaboré (MPP), elected 29 November 2015, in office since 29 December 2015
Prime Minister: Paul Kaba Thieba (indep.), since 6 January 2016
National Assembly: seats based on the elections of 29 November 2015: MPP (People's Movement for Progress), 55; CDP (Congress for Democracy and Progress), 18; UPC (Union for Progress and Change), 33; others, 21
Internet: www.insd.bf (Institut National de la Statistique et de la Démographie)
Member of AU, ECOWAS, OIC, UN, WTO

Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso
Useful information

International license plate code BF
International dialling code 00226
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required); malaria prophylaxis (recommended)
Electricity (Voltage) 220
Driving side rigth
Internet code .bf

GMT  0
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Ouagadougou 28.3
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Ouagadougou 25/27
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Ouagadougou 8.5/8.5
Annual average precipitation (mm) Ouagadougou 855
Days of rainfall (annual average) Ouagadougou 59

Geography.
It is bordered by Mali to the north and west, with Niger and Benin to the east and with Togo, Ghana and Côte d’Ivoire to the south.
The country is predominantly made up of a vast plateau fringed by low-lying hills to the east and Mount Téna Kourou (747 m) to the south-west, being crossed by numerous streams which flow into the River White Volta.
The climate is tropical and very dry, especially in the north.

Government


A former French colony known as Upper Volta, the country achieved independence on 5 August 1960.
After a period of democratic leadership under T. Sankara (1983-1987), who gave the country its name (“the land of honest people”, 4 August 1984), a coup d’état brought Captain B. Compaoré to power on 17 October 1987. He was forced to step down in 2014 following violent protests. After a transition period and a failed coup d’état, new elections were held in 2015. Since 2016, there have been sporadic attacks by groups linked to Sunni fundamentalism.
According to the Constitution of 1991, last amended in 2015, the President of the Republic is elected through a direct election for a term of five years and can only be re-elected once.
The National Assembly is made up of 127 members, elected by direct suffrage for five-year terms.
The judicial system is based on French law and local custom.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Air force5.4%2015
Army57.1%2015
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Crimes46.3per 100 000 pop.2016
Homicides1.1per 100 000 pop.2016
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Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Ouagadougou1 915 102inhab.2012
Bobo-Dioulasso813 610inhab.2012
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2017)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE

There is steady emigration towards neighbouring countries and Europe.

Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate38.92016
Death rate8.62016
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Mossi52.5%2010
other14.7%2010


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Muslim61.6%2010
Catholic23.2%2010


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Dioula
French (official)
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years44.9%2017
15-29 years27.7%2017


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Economy


Recurring droughts cause serious damage to agricultural output. The principle commercial crop is cotton. Livestock farming is practised mainly by the semi-nomadic Fulbe tribes in the north of the country.
The main mineral resource is gold (at Essakane, Bissa, Mana, Inata, Taparko-Bouroum, Youga) which brings in foreign capital for mining and extraction. There are cotton mills at Koudougou, shoe factories, cement plants at Ouagadougou, cigarette factories and breweries at Bobo-Dioulasso as well as sugar factories at Banfora.
The country also boasts electrical and telecommunications industries as well as oil plants. The construction of the Ziga dam has eased the chronic shortage of water in the capital. Burkina Faso exports gold, cotton, livestock, sesame, cashew nuts and timber. The CFA franc is pegged to the Euro at a fixed exchange rate.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)125.12index2016
Balance of trade-1 009M US$2017
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population6 995 097units2017
Active population, Females44.6%2017
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate6.3%2017
Unemployment rate, Females64.4%2017
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses2 146 470M LCU2017
Revenues1 583 575M LCU2017
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture28.3%2017
industry32%2017
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture30.3%2016
industry25.7%2016
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation521.5BN LCU2017
International reserves50.1M US$2016
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land22.3%2015
forests19.55%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total4 736.5941000 t2016
maize1 583.4211000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava4.7571000 t2016
potatoes1.4641000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chillies and peppers8.2031000 t2016
tomatoes12.4841000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, green9.6321000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts335.7151000 t2016
sesame seed2301000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane484.8721000 t2016
tobacco0.8181000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton900.4481000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total102.481000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
almonds1.5141000 t2016
cashew nuts78.5331000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits1.4611000 t2016
grapefruits0.2511000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mangoes13.5251000 t2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize937.4951000 ha2016
millet1 244.6881000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava3.6461000 ha2016
potatoes0.7341000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chillies and peppers1.6781000 ha2016
tomatoes1.2231000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, green0.691000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts4201000 ha2016
sesame seed3901000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane4.8231000 ha2016
tobacco1.021000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton7201000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
almonds2.6921000 ha2016
cashew nuts80.0331000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits0.231000 ha2016
grapefruits0.0171000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mangoes1.4681000 ha2016
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber15 041 2332016
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle9 396.4661000 heads2016
cattle and buffaloes9 396.4661000 heads2016
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs2 350.431000 heads2016
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep9 810.5711000 heads2016
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats14 687.0261000 heads2016
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses1 182.1841000 heads2016
asses and mules1 182.1841000 heads2016
Livestock - Camelids
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
camels18.9631000 heads2016
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds45 6201000 heads2016
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
butter1.0631000 t2014
cheese31000 t1999
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
freshwater fishes22 400t2016
total catch22 540t2016
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
lead2.51000 t2015
manganese22.51000 t2015
Mineral resources - Non-metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
phosphate rock2.41000 t2011
salt51000 t2011
Mineral resources - Rocks
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
marble - t1001000 t2011
pumice101000 t2012
Mineral resources - Precious metals and stones
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
gold35 223kg2015
silver12 200kg2015
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal851M kWh2015
- hydro93M kWh2015
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal2661000 kW2015
- hydro321000 kW2015
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation944M kWh2015
total installed capacity3061000 kW2015
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Industry

Industry - Machinery and transport equipment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bikes20 800no.2002
mopeds19 700no.2002
Industry - Chemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
soap9.91000 t2002
tyres670 000no.2002
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley1201000 t2014
cottonseed oil76.91000 t2014
Industry - Tobacco
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cigarettes, packs78M units2002
Industry - Paper and wood products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
other paper0.9441000 t2016
paper0.9441000 t2016
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement263.21000 t2015
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chemicals production4.6M US$2004
food, beverages and tobacco production303M US$2004
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agricultural raw materials44.043% of goods exports2016
food products33.372% of goods exports2016
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Switzerland817.3M US$2010
South Africa144.3M US$2010
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast)328M US$2010
France211.5M US$2010
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20172 408.484M US$ -
20162 306.238M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20173 417.750M US$ -
20163 170.783M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures103M US$2015
Number of arrivals152 000units2016
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown1 000 000km flown2004
Civil aviation, passengers carried1451000 units2017
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers0.732per 1000 pop.2017
Computers6.3per 1000 pop.2008
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling8.5years2016
Graduates16 061units2016
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level69 148units2016
Teachers, secondary level45 254units2016
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds0.4per 1000 pop.2010
Physicians0.05per 1000 pop.2012
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV0.8% of adults2016
HIV, total3.7%2001
Museums
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Museums21units2014
Research
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Research and development spending0.22% of GDP2014
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking8.93%2016
Access to electricity19.164%2016
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