Form of Government: Republic
Area: 270 764 sq km
Population: 21 510 181 inhab. (estimate 2020)
Density: 79.44 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 15° - 9° N; long. 5° W - 2° E
Capital: Ouagadougou (capital) 2 453 496 inhab. (2019);
Currency: CFA franc (100 centimes)
Human development index: 0.452 (rank: 182)
Head of State: Roch Marc Kaboré (MPP), elected 29 November 2015, in office since 29 December 2015, reconfirmed 22 November 2020
Prime Minister: Christophe Dabiré (CDP), since 24 January 2019
National Assembly: seats based on the elections of 22 November 2020: MPP (People's Movement for Progress), 56; CDP (Congress for Democracy and Progress), 20; NTD (New Era for Democracy), 13; UPC (Union for Progress and Reform), 12; others, 26
Internet: www.insd.bf (Institut National de la Statistique et de la Démographie)
Member of AU, ECOWAS, OIC, UN, WTO

Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso
Useful information

International license plate code BF
International dialling code 00226
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required); malaria prophylaxis (recommended)
Electricity (Voltage) 220
Driving side rigth
Internet code .bf

GMT  0
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Ouagadougou 28.3
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Ouagadougou 25/27
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Ouagadougou 8.5/8.5
Annual average precipitation (mm) Ouagadougou 855
Days of rainfall (annual average) Ouagadougou 59

Politics and current affairs

President R.M. Kaboré (MPP) maintained his leadership at the general elections held on 22 November 2020 and his party obtained a relative parliamentary majority. Between 4 and 5 June 2021, an attack near the Nigerian border resulted in more than 130 deaths.

Geography.
It is bordered by Mali to the north and west, with Niger and Benin to the east and with Togo, Ghana and Côte d’Ivoire to the south. The country is predominantly made up of a vast plateau fringed by low-lying hills to the east and Mount Téna Kourou (747 m) to the south-west, being crossed by numerous streams which flow into the River White Volta. The climate is tropical and very dry, especially in the north.

Government


A former French colony known as Upper Volta, the country achieved independence on 5 August 1960. After a period of democratic leadership under T. Sankara (1983-1987), who gave the country its name (“the land of honest people”, 4 August 1984), a coup d’état brought Captain B. Compaoré to power on 17 October 1987. He was forced to step down in 2014 following violent protests. After a transition period and a failed coup d’état, new elections were held in 2015. Since 2016, there have been serious attacks by various fundamentalist groups, which overlap with the conflict between the community of breeders and farmers. According to the Constitution of 1991, last amended in 2015, the President of the Republic is elected through a direct election for a term of five years and can only be re-elected once. The National Assembly is made up of 127 members, elected by direct suffrage for five-year terms. The judicial system is based on French law and local custom.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Air force5.4%2015
Army57.1%2015
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Crimes42.9per 100 000 pop.2017
Homicides1.2per 100 000 pop.2017
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Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Ouagadougou2 453 496inhab.2019
Bobo-Dioulasso903 887inhab.2019
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2020)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE

The violence has resulted in more than one million internally displaced people. There is steady emigration towards neighbouring countries and Europe.

Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate37.4532019
Death rate7.9142019
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Mossi52.5%2010
other14.7%2010


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Muslim61.6%2010
Catholic23.2%2010


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Dioula
French (official)
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years43.6%2020
15-29 years28.1%2020


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Economy


Recurring droughts cause serious damage to agricultural output. The principle commercial crop is cotton. Livestock farming is practised mainly by the semi-nomadic Fulbe tribes in the north of the country. The main mineral resource is gold (at Essakane, Bissa, Mana, Inata, Taparko-Bouroum, Youga), which brings in foreign capital for mining and extraction, followed by zinc (near Koudougou). There are cotton mills at Koudougou, shoe factories, cement plants at Ouagadougou and Bobo-Dioulasso, cigarette factories and breweries at Bobo-Dioulasso as well as sugar factories at Banfora.
The country also boasts electrical and telecommunications industries as well as oil plants. The construction of the Ziga dam has eased the chronic shortage of water in the capital. Burkina Faso exports gold, cotton, zinc, livestock, sesame, cashew nuts and timber. The CFA franc is pegged to the Euro at a fixed exchange rate.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)125.12index2016
Agricultural prod. index (2014-16=100)107.19index2019
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population7 708 000units2020
Active population, Females44.5%2020
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate5$%2020
Unemployment rate, Females65.7%2019
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses2 184 621M LCU2019
Revenues1 932 000M LCU2019
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture25.2%2019
industry33.7%2019
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture22.345%2019
industry28.333%2019
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation809.809BN LCU2020
International reserves50.1M US$2016
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land22.295%2018
forests23.086%2018
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total4 939.631000 t2019
maize1 710.8981000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava4.0461000 t2019
potatoes69.3791000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chillies and peppers8.9211000 t2019
tomatoes19.5391000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, green10.5591000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts396.1291000 t2019
sesame seed374.7031000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane490.771000 t2019
tobacco0.3891000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton724.2321000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total115.2131000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
almonds2.0771000 t2019
cashew nuts136.5581000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits1.5381000 t2019
grapefruits0.2671000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mangoes16.3751000 t2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize1 014.9071000 ha2019
millet1 176.5121000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava4.7221000 ha2019
potatoes5.5991000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chillies and peppers1.6861000 ha2019
tomatoes1.7991000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, green0.7211000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts485.7031000 ha2019
sesame seed617.7491000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane4.861000 ha2019
tobacco0.431000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton590.9991000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
almonds3.6911000 ha2019
cashew nuts130.0111000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits0.2431000 ha2019
grapefruits0.0181000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mangoes1.5381000 ha2019
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber15 529 8302019
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle10 003.6821000 heads2019
cattle and buffaloes10 003.6821000 heads2019
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs2 587.8621000 heads2019
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep10 693.2851000 heads2019
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats16 071.7561000 heads2019
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses1 253.5871000 heads2019
asses and mules1 253.5871000 heads2019
Livestock - Camelids
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
camels20.3451000 heads2019
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds38 8651000 heads2019
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
butter1.581000 t2018
eggs57.9861000 t2019
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
freshwater fishes25 205t2019
total catch25 345t2019
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
lead2.51000 t2015
manganese22.51000 t2015
Mineral resources - Non-metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
phosphate rock2.41000 t2011
salt5$1000 t2011
Mineral resources - Rocks
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
marble - t1001000 t2011
pumice10$1000 t2012
Mineral resources - Precious metals and stones
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
gold36 000kg2018
silver1 000kg2018
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal1 000M kWh2018
- hydro128M kWh2018
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal2931000 kW2018
- other renew.62.91000 kW2019
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation1 182.3M kWh2018
total installed capacity387.91000 kW2018
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Industry

Industry - Machinery and transport equipment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bikes20 800no.2002
mopeds19 700no.2002
Industry - Chemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
soap9.91000 t2002
tyres670 000no.2002
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley2101000 t2018
cottonseed oil64.2571000 t2018
Industry - Tobacco
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cigarettes, packs78$M units2002
Industry - Paper and wood products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
other paper0.9441000 t2019
paper0.9441000 t2019
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement3101000 t2018
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chemicals production4.6M US$2004
food, beverages and tobacco production303M US$2004
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agricultural raw materials10.87% of goods exports2019
food products9.894% of goods exports2019
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Switzerland817.3M US$2010
South Africa144.3M US$2010
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast)328M US$2010
France211.5M US$2010
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20204 491M US$ -
20193 239M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20203 886M US$ -
20194 187M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures191M US$2018
Number of arrivals143 000units2019
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown1 000 000km flown2004
Civil aviation, passengers carried203.31000 units2019
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers0.591per 1000 pop.2019
Computers6.3per 1000 pop.2008
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling9.262years2019
Graduates10 392units2018
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Students, primary level3 233 784units2019
Students, secondary level1 342 143units2019
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds0.7per 1000 pop.2017
Physicians0.09per 1000 pop.2019
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV0.7% of adults2019
HIV, total3.7%2001
Museums
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Museums21$units2014
Research
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Research and development spending0.611% of GDP2017
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking10.2%2019
Access to electricity18.379%2019
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