Form of Government: Republic
Area: 270 764 sq km
Population: 20 244 080 inhab. (estimate 2018)
Density: 74.77 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 15° - 9° N; long. 5° W - 2° E
Capital: Ouagadougou (capital) 2 531 381 inhab. (2018);
Currency: CFA franc (100 centimes)
Human development index: 0.423 (rank: 183)
Head of State: Roch Marc Kaboré (MPP), elected 29 November 2015, in office since 29 December 2015
Prime Minister: Christophe Dabiré (CDP), since 24 January 2019
National Assembly: seats based on the elections of 29 November 2015: MPP (People's Movement for Progress), 55; CDP (Congress for Democracy and Progress), 18; UPC (Union for Progress and Change), 33; others, 21
Internet: www.insd.bf (Institut National de la Statistique et de la Démographie)
Member of AU, ECOWAS, OIC, UN, WTO

Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso
Useful information

International license plate code BF
International dialling code 00226
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required); malaria prophylaxis (recommended)
Electricity (Voltage) 220
Driving side rigth
Internet code .bf

GMT  0
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Ouagadougou 28.3
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Ouagadougou 25/27
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Ouagadougou 8.5/8.5
Annual average precipitation (mm) Ouagadougou 855
Days of rainfall (annual average) Ouagadougou 59

Politics and current affairs

The attacks by fundamentalist groups begun in 2016 intensified in 2018-19, overlapping with the conflict between the community of breeders and farmers, which has been exacerbated by the drought.

Geography.
It is bordered by Mali to the north and west, with Niger and Benin to the east and with Togo, Ghana and Côte d’Ivoire to the south.
The country is predominantly made up of a vast plateau fringed by low-lying hills to the east and Mount Téna Kourou (747 m) to the south-west, being crossed by numerous streams which flow into the River White Volta.
The climate is tropical and very dry, especially in the north.

Government


A former French colony known as Upper Volta, the country achieved independence on 5 August 1960.
After a period of democratic leadership under T. Sankara (1983-1987), who gave the country its name (“the land of honest people”, 4 August 1984), a coup d’état brought Captain B. Compaoré to power on 17 October 1987. He was forced to step down in 2014 following violent protests. After a transition period and a failed coup d’état, new elections were held in 2015. According to the Constitution of 1991, last amended in 2015, the President of the Republic is elected through a direct election for a term of five years and can only be re-elected once.
The National Assembly is made up of 127 members, elected by direct suffrage for five-year terms. The judicial system is based on French law and local custom.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Air force5.4%2015
Army57.1%2015
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Crimes42.9per 100 000 pop.2017
Homicides1.2per 100 000 pop.2017
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Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Ouagadougou2 531 381inhab.2018
Bobo-Dioulasso813 610inhab.2012
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2018)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE

There is steady emigration towards neighbouring countries and Europe.

Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate38.42017
Death rate8.32017
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Mossi52.5%2010
other14.7%2010


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Muslim61.6%2010
Catholic23.2%2010


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Dioula
French (official)
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years44.3%2018
15-29 years28%2018


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Economy


Recurring droughts cause serious damage to agricultural output. The principle commercial crop is cotton. Livestock farming is practised mainly by the semi-nomadic Fulbe tribes in the north of the country.
The main mineral resource is gold (at Essakane, Bissa, Mana, Inata, Taparko-Bouroum, Youga) which brings in foreign capital for mining and extraction. There are cotton mills at Koudougou, shoe factories, cement plants at Ouagadougou and Bobo-Dioulasso, cigarette factories and breweries at Bobo-Dioulasso as well as sugar factories at Banfora. The country also boasts electrical and telecommunications industries as well as oil plants. The construction of the Ziga dam has eased the chronic shortage of water in the capital. Burkina Faso exports gold, cotton, livestock, sesame, cashew nuts and timber. The CFA franc is pegged to the Euro at a fixed exchange rate.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)125.12index2016
Balance of trade-1 116.1M US$2018
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population7 245 224units2018
Active population, Females44.7%2018
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate6.1%2018
Unemployment rate, Females65%2018
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses2 146 470M LCU2017
Revenues1 583 575M LCU2017
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture28.7%2018
industry33%2018
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture31.3%2017
industry20.2%2017
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation665.86BN LCU2018
International reserves50.1M US$2016
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land22.3%2015
forests19.55%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total4 063.1971000 t2017
maize1 533.4311000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava4.8421000 t2017
potatoes1.4111000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chillies and peppers8.231000 t2017
tomatoes12.6351000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, green9.9131000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts334.3281000 t2017
sesame seed163.7871000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane487.6431000 t2017
tobacco0.7941000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton844.3371000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total102.481000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
almonds1.5331000 t2017
cashew nuts99.0271000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits1.4721000 t2017
grapefruits0.2531000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mangoes13.8061000 t2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize956.3861000 ha2017
millet1 222.5751000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava3.8471000 ha2017
potatoes0.711000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chillies and peppers1.6391000 ha2017
tomatoes1.2541000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, green0.7381000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts554.8321000 ha2017
sesame seed291.1731000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane4.851000 ha2017
tobacco0.9791000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton844.8951000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
almonds2.71000 ha2017
cashew nuts98.5591000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits0.2311000 ha2017
grapefruits0.0171000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mangoes1.4971000 ha2017
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber15 200 8822017
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle9 647.0731000 heads2017
cattle and buffaloes9 647.0731000 heads2017
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs2 489.3171000 heads2017
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep10 137.9731000 heads2017
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats15 179.491000 heads2017
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses1 206.3711000 heads2017
asses and mules1 206.3711000 heads2017
Livestock - Camelids
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
camels19.4751000 heads2017
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds42 5301000 heads2017
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
butter1.0631000 t2014
cheese31000 t1999
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
freshwater fishes22 330t2017
total catch22 330t2017
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
lead2.51000 t2015
manganese22.51000 t2015
Mineral resources - Non-metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
phosphate rock2.41000 t2011
salt51000 t2011
Mineral resources - Rocks
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
marble - t1001000 t2011
pumice101000 t2012
Mineral resources - Precious metals and stones
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
gold39 200kg2016
silver12 000kg2016
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal834M kWh2016
- hydro139M kWh2016
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal3001000 kW2016
- hydro321000 kW2016
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation990M kWh2016
total installed capacity342.41000 kW2016
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Industry

Industry - Machinery and transport equipment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bikes20 800no.2002
mopeds19 700no.2002
Industry - Chemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
soap9.91000 t2002
tyres670 000no.2002
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley1201000 t2014
cottonseed oil76.91000 t2014
Industry - Tobacco
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cigarettes, packs78M units2002
Industry - Paper and wood products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
other paper0.9441000 t2017
paper0.9441000 t2017
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement2651000 t2016
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chemicals production4.6M US$2004
food, beverages and tobacco production303M US$2004
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
food products36.688% of goods exports2017
agricultural raw materials36.310% of goods exports2017
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Switzerland817.3M US$2010
South Africa144.3M US$2010
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast)328M US$2010
France211.5M US$2010
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20183 231M US$ -
20172 875M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20184 347M US$ -
20173 895M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures176M US$2016
Number of arrivals143 000units2017
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown1 000 000km flown2004
Civil aviation, passengers carried1451000 units2017
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers0.732per 1000 pop.2017
Computers6.3per 1000 pop.2008
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling8.9years2017
Graduates17 521units2017
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level74 747units2017
Teachers, secondary level49 818units2017
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds0.7per 1000 pop.2017
Physicians0.07per 1000 pop.2017
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV0.8% of adults2017
HIV, total3.7%2001
Museums
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Museums21units2014
Research
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Research and development spending0.22% of GDP2014
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking8.93%2016
Access to electricity25.473%2017
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