Form of Government: Absolute monarchy (sultanate)
Area: 5 765 sq km
Population: 453 600 inhab. (estimate 2020)
Density: 78.68 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 5° - 4° N; long. 114° - 115° E
Capital: Bandar Seri Begawan (capital) 40 800 inhab. (2018); Bandar Seri Begawan 316 100 inhab. (2020), urban agglomeration
Currency: Brunei dollar (100 sen)
Human development index: 0.838 (rank: 47)
Sovereign: Sultan Sir Muda Hassanal Bolkiah, in office since 5 October 1967, crowned 1 August 1968
Internet: www.depd.gov.bn (Dep. of Economic Planning and Development)
Member of APEC, ASEAN, Commonwealth, OIC, UN, WTO

Brunei

Brunei, Negara Brunei Darussalam
Useful information

International license plate code BRU
International dialling code 00673
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required only if traveling from a country with risk of transmission, including travelers having transited more than 12 hours through the airport of a country with risk of transmission)
Electricity (Voltage) 240
Driving side left
Internet code .bn

GMT  +8
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Bandar Seri Begawan 27.3
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Bandar Seri Begawan 26.5/27.5
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Bandar Seri Begawan 7/7
Annual average precipitation (mm) Bandar Seri Begawan 2830
Days of rainfall (annual average) Bandar Seri Begawan 203

Geography.
Brunei comprises two small territories on the northern coast of the island of Borneo, facing the South China Sea, which are surrounded by the state of Sarawak (eastern Malaysia), which separates the two parts.
Like other countries in the area, Brunei lays claim to the Spratly Islands in the South China Sea.

Government


Independent since 1 January 1984 as part of the British Commonwealth, for over 500 years, the country has been ruled by the Bolkiah dynasty. The Sultan is the highest political and religious authority. He is assisted by a Council of Ministers and a Legislative Council (33 members, plus 3 ex officio members) appointed by him. Although political parties are permitted, they play only a marginal role.
The judicial system is based on Islamic (sharia) Law.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Air force15.7%2015
Army70$%2015
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Crimes1 347.5per 100 000 pop.2017
Homicides0.5per 100 000 pop.2013
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Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Bandar Seri Begawan40 800inhab.2018
Kuala Belait31 890inhab.2011
Urban agglomerations
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Bandar Seri Begawan316 100inhab.2020
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2020)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate14.4592019
Death rate4.5482019
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Malay65.8%2017
other24$%2017


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Muslim80.9%2016
Buddhist7.1%2016


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Chinese
English
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years22.3%2020
15-29 years25.4%2020


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Economy


Economy, based on the export of hydrocarbons, is affected by variations in global demand and oil prices.
The oil deposits at Seria, Ampa and Jerudong are connected by a pipeline to the refinery at Lutong (in Malaysia).
Natural gas, extracted at Seria, is liquefied in the large plant of Lumut. The profits from the exportation are fuelling a considerable amount of foreign investments. The petro-chemical, food, pharmaceutical, information technology and telecommunications, shipbuilding, timber and rubber industries all operate. Bruneian citizens are not subject to income taxes; education and healthcare are free.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)169.05index2016
Agricultural prod. index (2014-16=100)97.44index2019
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population216 689units2020
Active population, Females42.8%2019
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate8.4%2020
Unemployment rate, Females46.6%2019
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses5 712.8M LCU2019
Revenues4 795.6M LCU2019
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture1.4%2019
industry15.9%2019
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture0.97%2019
industry61.483%2019
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation1.358BN LCU2020
International reserves3 997.357M US$2020
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land2.087%2018
forests72.106%2018
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total1.51000 t2019
rice1.51000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava3.3821000 t2019
roots and tubers, total4.2681000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chillies and peppers0.3061000 t2019
cucumbers1.741000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts0.4291000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pepper0.0291000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total8.3061000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits0.5271000 t2019
lemons0.0681000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas1.9431000 t2019
pineapples1.2071000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Others
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mushrooms0.0141000 t2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
rice0.7731000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.1751000 ha2019
sweet potatoes0.0361000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chillies and peppers0.061000 ha2019
cucumbers0.1671000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts0.2441000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pepper0.0751000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits0.0731000 ha2019
lemons0.0171000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas0.6871000 ha2019
pineapples0.141000 ha2019
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
natural rubber257t2019
timber91 0322019
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle0.6171000 heads2019
cattle and buffaloes2.9091000 heads2019
Livestock - Buffaloes
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
buffaloes2.2921000 heads2019
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs0.821000 heads2019
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep4.6491000 heads2019
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats5.8511000 heads2019
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds17 2221000 heads2019
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs9.0991000 t2019
hides and skins0.2551000 t2019
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs3 199.217t2019
freshwater fishes5.005t2019
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Energy minerals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
natural gas9 603M m³2020
oil, crude4 995.81000 t2020
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal4 034.48M kWh2018
non-renewable electricity generation99.95%2018
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal9921000 kW2018
- other renew.1$1000 kW2019
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation4 036.48M kWh2018
total installed capacity9931000 kW2018
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Industry

Industry - Petrochemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
petrol200.41000 t2014
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement2901000 t2018
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufacturing production1 894.803M US$2020
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fuels91.092% of goods exports2019
manufactures8.309% of goods exports2019
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Japan2 337M US$2006
Indonesia1 865M US$2007
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
United Kingdom1 735M US$2007
Singapore696M US$2007
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20206 479M US$ -
20197 039M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20204 910M US$ -
20195 103M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures613M US$2019
Number of arrivals333 000units2019
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown30 400 000km flown2004
Civil aviation, passengers carried1 421.31000 units2019
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers125.079per 1000 pop.2019
Computers89.2per 1000 pop.2005
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling14.064years2019
Graduates3 496units2018
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Students, primary level39 236units2019
Students, secondary level42 679units2019
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds3.5per 1000 pop.2019
Physicians1.8per 1000 pop.2019
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Tuberculosis64$per 100 000 pop.2019
Tuberculosis (prevalence)79$per 100 000 pop.2014
Research
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Research and development spending0.278% of GDP2018
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking100%2019
Access to electricity100%2019
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