Form of Government: Absolute monarchy (sultanate)
Area: 5 765 sq km
Population: 422 678 inhab. (census 2016)
Density: 73.32 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 5° - 4° N; long. 114° - 115° E
Capital: Bandar Seri Begawan (capital) 28 000 inhab. (2011); Bandar Seri Begawan 292 705 inhab. (2016), urban agglomeration
Currency: Brunei dollar (100 sen)
Human development index: 0.865 (rank: 30)
Sovereign: Sultan Sir Muda Hassanal Bolkiah, in office since 5 October 1967, crowned 1 August 1968
Internet: www.depd.gov.bn (Dep. of Economic Planning and Development)
Member of APEC, ASEAN, Commonwealth, OIC, UN, WTO

Brunei

Brunei, Negara Brunei Darussalam
Useful information

International license plate code BRU
International dialling code 00673
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required only if traveling from a country with risk of transmission, including travelers having transited more than 12 hours through the airport of a country with risk of transmission)
Electricity (Voltage) 240
Driving side left
Internet code .bn

GMT  +8
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Bandar Seri Begawan 27.3
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Bandar Seri Begawan 26.5/27.5
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Bandar Seri Begawan 7/7
Annual average precipitation (mm) Bandar Seri Begawan 2830
Days of rainfall (annual average) Bandar Seri Begawan 203

Geography.
Brunei comprises two small territories on the northern coast of the island of Borneo, facing the South China Sea, which are surrounded by the state of Sarawak (eastern Malaysia), which separates the two parts.
Like other countries in the area, Brunei lays claim to the Spratly Islands in the South China Sea.

Government


Independent since 1 January 1984 as part of the British Commonwealth, for over 500 years, the country has been ruled by the Bolkiah dynasty. The Sultan is the highest political and religious authority. He is assisted by a Council of Ministers and a Legislative Council (33 members, plus 3 ex officio members) appointed by him. Although political parties are permitted, they play only a marginal role.
The judicial system is based on Islamic (sharia) Law.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Air force15.7%2015
Army70%2015
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Crimes1 328per 100 000 pop.2016
Homicides0.5per 100 000 pop.2013
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Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Bandar Seri Begawan28 000inhab.2011
Kuala Belait27 700inhab.2009
Urban agglomerations
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Bandar Seri Begawan292 705inhab.2016
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2017)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate15.22016
Death rate3.92016
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Malay65.7%2016
other24%2016


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Muslim78.8%2011
Christian8.7%2011


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Chinese
English
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years23.1%2017
15-29 years26.4%2017


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Economy


Economy, based on the export of hydrocarbons, is affected by variations in global demand and oil prices.
The oil deposits at Seria, Ampa and Jerudong are connected by a pipeline to the refinery at Lutong (in Malaysia).
Natural gas, extracted at Seria, is liquefied in the large plant of Lumut. The profits from the exportation are fuelling a considerable amount of foreign investments. The petro-chemical, food, textile, construction, timber and rubber industries all operate. Bruneian citizens are not subject to income taxes; education and healthcare are free.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)169.05index2016
Balance of trade2 945M US$2017
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population221 404units2017
Active population, Females42.7%2017
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate7.1%2017
Unemployment rate, Females49.3%2017
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses6 013M LCU2016
Revenues2 177M LCU2016
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture0.5%2017
industry17.7%2017
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture1.2%2016
industry56.5%2016
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation1.26BN LCU2017
International reserves3 488.1M US$2017
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land2.09%2015
forests72.1%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total1.6741000 t2016
rice1.6741000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava3.2211000 t2016
roots and tubers, total4.0191000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chillies and peppers0.3911000 t2016
cucumbers2.1331000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts0.4071000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pepper0.0321000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total6.7691000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits0.4961000 t2016
lemons0.0781000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas0.8411000 t2016
pineapples1.1851000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Others
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mushrooms0.0141000 t2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
rice1.9821000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.1831000 ha2016
sweet potatoes0.041000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chillies and peppers0.0861000 ha2016
cucumbers0.211000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts0.2311000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pepper0.0851000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits0.081000 ha2016
lemons0.0191000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas0.2731000 ha2016
pineapples0.1341000 ha2016
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
natural rubber258t2016
timber91 6502016
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle0.7221000 heads2016
cattle and buffaloes2.6381000 heads2016
Livestock - Buffaloes
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
buffaloes1.9161000 heads2016
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs1.251000 heads2016
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep4.3821000 heads2016
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats7.4651000 heads2016
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds20 3151000 heads2016
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs8.2831000 t2016
hides and skins0.1561000 t2013
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs2 455.88t2016
freshwater fishes12.72t2016
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Energy minerals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
natural gas12 007M m³2017
oil, crude5 019.61000 t2017
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal3 946.12M kWh2015
non-renewable electricity generation99.949%2015
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal8401000 kW2015
- other renew.11000 kW2015
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation3 948.12M kWh2015
total installed capacity8411000 kW2015
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Industry

Industry - Petrochemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
petrol200.41000 t2014
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement3801000 t2015
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufacturing production1 535.2M US$2017
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fuels87.883% of goods exports2016
manufactures11.420% of goods exports2016
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Japan2 337M US$2006
Indonesia1 865M US$2007
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
United Kingdom1 735M US$2007
Singapore696M US$2007
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20175 665M US$ -
20165 223.814M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20172 720M US$ -
20162 670.582M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures499M US$2016
Number of arrivals219 000units2016
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown30 400 000km flown2004
Civil aviation, passengers carried1 172.21000 units2017
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers96.126per 1000 pop.2017
Computers89.2per 1000 pop.2005
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling14.5years2016
Graduates3 087units2016
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level3 969units2016
Teachers, secondary level5 323units2016
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds3.3per 1000 pop.2015
Physicians1.8per 1000 pop.2015
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Tuberculosis66per 100 000 pop.2016
Tuberculosis (prevalence)79per 100 000 pop.2014
Research
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Research and development spending0.04% of GDP2004
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking100%2016
Access to electricity100%2016
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