Form of Government: Monarchy
Area: 38 394 sq km
Population: 756 129 inhab. (estimate 2021)
Density: 19.69 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 28° - 27° N; long. 88° - 92° E
Capital: Thimphu (capital) 114 551 inhab. (2017);
Currency: ngultrum (100 chetrum) and Indian rupee, pegged at par
Human development index: 0.654 (rank: 129)
Sovereign: Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck, since 14 December 2006
Prime Minister: Lotay Tshering (Bhutan United Party), since 7 November 2018
National Assembly: seats based on the elections held on 15 September and 18 October 2018: DNT (Bhutan United Party), 30; DPT (Peace and Prosperity Party), 17
Internet: www.nsb.gov.bt (National Statistics Bureau)
Member of SAARC, UN, WTO observer

Bhutan

Druk Yul
Useful information

International license plate code BHT
International dialling code 00975
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required only if traveling from a country with risk of transmission, including travelers having transited more than 12 hours through the airport of a country with risk of transmission); malaria prophylaxis (recommended for some areas)
Electricity (Voltage) 230
Driving side left
Internet code .bt

GMT  +6
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Thimphu 14.4
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Thimphu 7.5/23.5
Annual average precipitation (mm) Thimphu 1020
Days of rainfall (annual average) Thimphu 108

Geography.
Bhutan is bordered by China (Tibet) to the north and by India to the east, the south and the west. It lies on the southern slopes of the Himalayas.

Government


The democratic process, begun in 1998, led to the legislative elections (2007-08) and to the proclamation of the first constitution (19 July 2008). The two-chamber parliament is made up of the National Council (25 members) and the National Assembly (47 members).

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Army100%2015
Military expenditure1$% of GDP2005
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Crimes561.2per 100 000 pop.2017
Homicides2.9per 100 000 pop.2017
TOP

Administrative division

Administrative division
District (Dzongkhag)AREAINHABITANTSYEAR
Bumthang2 717 sq km17 917 inhab.2018
Chhukha1 880 sq km69 157 inhab.2018
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Thimphu114 551inhab.2017
Phuentsholing27 658inhab.2017
TOP

Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2020)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate17.0122019
Death rate6.2512019
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Bothe50$%2005
Nepalese35$%2005


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Buddhist74.7%2010
Hindu22.6%2010


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Dzongkha (official)
Nepali dialects
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years24.4%2020
15-29 years27.7%2020


TOP

Economy


Economy is based on subsistence agriculture (rice, maize, cardamom, citrus fruits and apples), on limited exploitation of valuable timber (teak) and on exportation of hydropower to India. The subsoil is exploited for the extraction of calcium carbonate, quartzite and sandstone. Industry includes cement factories, hydroelectric plants, timber and food processing plants.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)101.82index2016
Agricultural prod. index (2014-16=100)99.15index2019
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population378 682units2020
Active population, Females40.7%2019
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate3.7%2020
Unemployment rate, Females55.6%2019
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses43 457.8M LCU2019
Revenues42 033.3M LCU2019
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture55.3%2019
industry10.8%2019
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture15.939%2019
industry43.154%2019
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation14.609BN LCU2020
International reserves1 510.314M US$2020
TOP

Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land2.622%2018
forests71.346%2018
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley1.0261000 t2019
cereals, total103.2231000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes43.561000 t2019
roots and tubers, total79.2041000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asparagus0.0791000 t2019
cabbages6.0691000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry0.4071000 t2019
peas, dry1.0471000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts0.231000 t2019
soybeans0.1711000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
ginger6.2091000 t2019
mustard seed0.3941000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane0.3961000 t2019
tobacco0.2091000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Fiber plants
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
jute0.3411000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples4.3211000 t2019
apricots0.0241000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
walnuts0.2561000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits38.8491000 t2019
citrus fruits, nes11.321000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas3.7541000 t2019
mangoes2.0351000 t2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley0.7921000 ha2019
maize13.1461000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes4.1851000 ha2019
sweet potatoes0.0251000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.7031000 ha2019
carrots and turnips0.8111000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry0.3761000 ha2019
peas, dry0.6951000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts0.1531000 ha2019
soybeans0.2511000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
ginger0.9661000 ha2019
mustard seed0.6731000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane0.0131000 ha2019
tobacco0.141000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Fiber plants
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
jute0.0851000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples0.7251000 ha2019
peaches0.1341000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
walnuts0.0391000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits5.051000 ha2019
citrus fruits, nes1.5811000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mangoes0.1361000 ha2019
TOP

Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber5 402 5302019
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle302.5891000 heads2019
cattle and buffaloes303.0661000 heads2019
Livestock - Buffaloes
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
buffaloes0.4771000 heads2019
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs20.071000 heads2019
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep11.4661000 heads2019
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats47.7351000 heads2019
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses17.9521000 heads2019
asses and mules22.9331000 heads2019
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds1 3001000 heads2019
Livestock - Beekeeping
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
honey0.0661000 t2019
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cheese0.0531000 t2018
eggs5.7971000 t2019
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
freshwater fishes215.73t2019
total catch224.27t2019
TOP

Minerals

Mineral resources - Energy minerals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coal184.81000 t2019
coal, total184.81000 t2019
Mineral resources - Metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
ferrosilicon90$1000 t2019
iron ore36.91000 t2019
Mineral resources - Non-metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
gypsum490.61000 t2019
talc1.41000 t2019
Mineral resources - Rocks
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
dolomite3 027.51000 t2019
granite3.41000 t2019
TOP

Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- hydro6 889M kWh2018
renewable electricity generation99.999%2018
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- hydro1 6141000 kW2019
- thermal8$1000 kW2018
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation6 890.7M kWh2018
total installed capacity1 623.51000 kW2018
TOP

Industry

Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley45$1000 t2018
Industry - Paper and wood products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
other paper10$1000 t2019
paper10$1000 t2019
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement9411000 t2018
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufacturing production180.174M US$2019
TOP

Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufactures68.6% of goods exports2011
ores and metals21.4% of goods exports2011
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
India464M US$2009
Bangladesh15.7M US$2009
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
India412M US$2009
Singapore15.4M US$2009
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2020433M US$ -
2019594M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2020768M US$ -
2019981M US$ -
TOP

Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures67$M US$2019
Number of arrivals316 000units2019
TOP

Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown2 200 000km flown2004
Civil aviation, passengers carried276.11000 units2019
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers11.498per 1000 pop.2019
Computers25.1per 1000 pop.2007
TOP

Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling13.102years2018
Graduates1 629units2013
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Students, primary level94 165units2020
Students, secondary level76 221units2018
Social statistics - Social protection
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Social protection spending0.05% of total expenses2016
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds2.2per 1000 pop.2019
Physicians0.43per 1000 pop.2019
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV0.3% of adults2018
Malaria42$cases2019
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking79.1%2019
Access to electricity100%2019
Household consumption expenditure
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clothing, footwear8.3%2008
food, non-alcoholic beverages44.9%2008
TOP