Form of Government: Monarchy
Area: 38 394 sq km
Population: 734 374 inhab. (estimate 2018)
Density: 19.13 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 28° - 27° N; long. 88° - 92° E
Capital: Thimphu (capital) 114 551 inhab. (2017);
Currency: ngultrum (100 chetrum) and Indian rupee, pegged at par
Human development index: 0.612 (rank: 134)
Sovereign: Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck, since 14 December 2006
Interim Prime Minister: Lotay Tshering (Bhutan United Party), since 7 November 2018
National Assembly: seats based on the elections held on 15 September and 18 October 2018: DNT (Bhutan United Party), 30; DPT (Peace and Prosperity Party), 17
Internet: www.nsb.gov.bt (National Statistics Bureau)
Member of SAARC, UN, WTO observer

Bhutan

Druk Yul
Useful information

International license plate code BHT
International dialling code 00975
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required only if traveling from a country with risk of transmission, including travelers having transited more than 12 hours through the airport of a country with risk of transmission); malaria prophylaxis (recommended for some areas)
Electricity (Voltage) 230
Driving side left
Internet code .bt

GMT  +6
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Thimphu 14.4
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Thimphu 7.5/23.5
Annual average precipitation (mm) Thimphu 1020
Days of rainfall (annual average) Thimphu 108

Geography.
Bhutan is bordered by China (Tibet) to the north and by India to the east, the south and the west. It lies on the southern slopes of the Himalayas.

Government


The democratic process, begun in 1998, led to the legislative elections (2007-08) and to the proclamation of the first constitution (19 July 2008). The two-chamber parliament is made up of the National Council (25 members) and the National Assembly (47 members).

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Army100%2015
Military expenditure1% of GDP2005
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Crimes561.2per 100 000 pop.2017
Homicides2.9per 100 000 pop.2017
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Administrative division

Administrative division
District (Dzongkhag)AREAINHABITANTSYEAR
Bumthang2 717 sq km17 917 inhab.2018
Chhukha1 880 sq km69 157 inhab.2018
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Thimphu114 551inhab.2017
Phuentsholing27 658inhab.2017
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2018)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate15.52017
Death rate6.72017
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Bothe50%2005
Nepalese35%2005


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Buddhist74.7%2010
Hindu22.6%2010


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Dzongkha (official)
Nepali dialects
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years25.4%2018
15-29 years28.5%2018


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Economy


Economy is based on subsistence agriculture (rice, maize, cardamom, citrus fruits and apples), on limited exploitation of valuable timber (teak) and on exportation of hydropower to India. The subsoil is exploited for the extraction of calcium carbonate, quartzite and sandstone. Industry includes cement factories, hydroelectric plants, timber and food processing plants.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)101.82index2016
Balance of trade- 400M US$2018
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population403 811units2018
Active population, Females40.1%2018
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate2.2%2018
Unemployment rate, Females55.2%2018
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses48 018M LCU2017
Revenues47 890.1M LCU2017
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture56.8%2018
industry9.8%2018
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture17.5%2017
industry43.2%2017
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation11.82BN LCU2018
International reserves990.6M US$2018
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land2.95%2015
forests72.27%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley2.0051000 t2017
cereals, total188.781000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes57.2231000 t2017
roots and tubers, total92.2981000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asparagus0.251000 t2017
cabbages10.5621000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry4.3161000 t2017
peas, dry1.021000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts0.11000 t2017
soybeans0.2041000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
ginger6.4451000 t2017
mustard seed0.8031000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane14.8561000 t2017
tobacco0.1731000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Fiber plants
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
jute0.341000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples8.0391000 t2017
apricots0.0241000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
walnuts0.2391000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits44.8651000 t2017
citrus fruits, nes16.8481000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas3.1131000 t2017
mangoes1.6141000 t2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley1.3851000 ha2017
maize26.7381000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes5.1921000 ha2017
sweet potatoes0.0821000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages1.4381000 ha2017
carrots and turnips0.9451000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry3.5241000 ha2017
peas, dry0.5911000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts0.21000 ha2017
soybeans0.3511000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
ginger1.4341000 ha2017
mustard seed1.0111000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane0.4751000 ha2017
tobacco0.1171000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Fiber plants
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
jute0.0851000 ha2014
Agriculture - areas harvested - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples1.2251000 ha2017
peaches0.8451000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits5.7021000 ha2017
citrus fruits, nes2.441000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mangoes0.2491000 ha2017
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber5 320 2542017
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle303.251000 heads2017
cattle and buffaloes303.81000 heads2017
Livestock - Buffaloes
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
buffaloes0.551000 heads2017
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs18.8151000 heads2017
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep10.4441000 heads2017
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats42.6891000 heads2017
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses17.9571000 heads2017
asses and mules22.7081000 heads2017
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds1 0681000 heads2017
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cheese0.0611000 t2014
eggs5.41000 t2017
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
freshwater fishes218t2017
total catch238t2017
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Energy minerals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coal161.51000 t2017
coal, total161.51000 t2017
Mineral resources - Metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
ferrosilicon651000 t2018
iron ore331000 t2017
Mineral resources - Non-metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
gypsum328.11000 t2017
talc1.31000 t2017
Mineral resources - Rocks
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
dolomite2 536.71000 t2017
granite26.41000 t2017
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- hydro7 879M kWh2016
renewable electricity generation99.987%2016
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- hydro1 6141000 kW2016
- thermal171000 kW2016
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation7 882.7M kWh2016
total installed capacity1 631.51000 kW2016
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Industry

Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley5.61000 t2014
Industry - Paper and wood products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
other paper101000 t2017
paper101000 t2017
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement9401000 t2016
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufacturing production183.3M US$2017
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufactures68.6% of goods exports2011
ores and metals21.4% of goods exports2011
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
India464M US$2009
Bangladesh15.7M US$2009
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
India412M US$2009
Singapore15.4M US$2009
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2018620M US$ -
2017573M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20181 020M US$ -
20171 029M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures61M US$2017
Number of arrivals255 000units2017
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown2 200 000km flown2004
Civil aviation, passengers carried293.31000 units2017
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers20.687per 1000 pop.2017
Computers25.1per 1000 pop.2007
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling12.1years2013
Graduates1 629units2013
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level2 541units2016
Teachers, secondary level6 515units2016
Social statistics - Social protection
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Social protection spending0.05% of total expenses2016
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds1.8per 1000 pop.2017
Physicians0.43per 1000 pop.2017
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV0.1% of adults2013
Malaria62cases2017
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking52.5%2016
Access to electricity97.7%2017
Household consumption expenditure
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clothing, footwear8.3%2008
food, non-alcoholic beverages44.9%2008
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