Form of Government: Republic
Area: 114 763 sq km
Population: 12 123 198 inhab. (estimate 2020)
Density: 105.64 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 12° - 7° N; long. 1° - 4° E
Capital: Porto-Novo (capital) 285 328 inhab. (2018); ; Cotonou (seat of government) 685 458 inhab. (2018);
Currency: CFA franc (100 centimes)
Human development index: 0.545 (rank: 158)
President: Patrice Talon (indep.), since 6 April 2016, reconfirmed 11 April 2021
National Assembly: seats based on the elections of 28 April 2019: Progressive Union, 47; Republican Bloc, 36
Internet: //insae.bj (Institut National de la Statistique)
Member of AU, ECOWAS, OAS observer, OIC, UN, WTO

Benin

Bénin, République du Bénin
Useful information

International license plate code DY
International dialling code 00229
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required); malaria prophylaxis (recommended)
Electricity (Voltage) 220
Driving side rigth
Internet code .bj

GMT  +1
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Cotonou 26.3
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Cotonou 26.5/25
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Cotonou 5/7
Annual average precipitation (mm) Cotonou 1302
Days of rainfall (annual average) Cotonou 85

Geography.
Benin is bordered by Burkina Faso and Niger to the north, by Nigeria to the east and by Togo to the west. It lies on the Gulf of Guinea to the south. The coastal plain rises inland into savannah highlands (reaching 800 m) before descending towards the River Niger.

Government


Previously a French colony (Dahomey), Benin has been independent since 1 August 1960, and in 1975 it assumed its present name. On the basis of the 1990 Constitution, the President is elected by direct universal suffrage for five years; Parliament has 83 members, elected for four years.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Air force3.6%2015
Army93.5%2015
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides6.2per 100 000 pop.2015
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Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Cotonou685 458inhab.2018
Porto-Novo285 328inhab.2018
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2020)
60+
15-59
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate35.8312019
Death rate8.7182019
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Fon38.4%2013
other16.3%2013


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Muslim27.7%2013
Catholic25.5%2013


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Baatonu (Bariba)
Dendi
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years45.5%2020
15-29 years28$%2020


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Economy


Despite attempts by the government to diversify production, the country’s economy, largely informal, is based on the export of cotton (and, to a lesser extent, cashew nuts, pineapple, shea butter, palm oil), and the business associated with the port of Cotonou (re-export trade with Nigeria). Oil-processing plants can be found in Ahozon, Avrankou, Bohicon, Cotonou, Gbada and Pobé, sugar refineries in Savé and a tractor production factory in Ouidah, as well as textile and food plants. Its main economic partners are China and Nigeria.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)152.58index2016
Agricultural prod. index (2014-16=100)119.37index2019
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population4 994 000units2020
Active population, Females49.2%2020
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate2.5%2020
Unemployment rate, Females51.5%2019
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses1 311 428M LCU2018
Revenues1 075 700M LCU2018
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture38.6%2019
industry19$%2019
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture29.439%2019
industry17.868%2019
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation771.441BN LCU2020
International reserves57.5M US$2016
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land30.153%2018
forests28.691%2018
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total2 134.8061000 t2019
maize1 5001000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava3 894.7771000 t2019
potatoes0.131000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chillies and peppers56.1861000 t2019
onions, dry42.0741000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry126.171000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
castor oil seed0.6411000 t2019
groundnuts203.4651000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruits732.8821000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts14.0221000 t2019
copra2.51000 t2006
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa0.121000 t2016
coffee0.0421000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane10$1000 t2019
tobacco0.0331000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton791.8641000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total565.1531000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cashew nuts204.3021000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits15.4511000 t2019
oranges15.4511000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas22.2841000 t2019
dates1.4541000 t2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize1 0001000 ha2019
millet30$1000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava277.2641000 ha2019
potatoes0.0131000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chillies and peppers21.8811000 ha2019
onions, dry2.9421000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry142.9441000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
castor oil seed0.8991000 ha2019
groundnuts209.1821000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruit40.1141000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts15.5631000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coffee0.2211000 ha2019
pepper0.5991000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane0.6791000 ha2019
tobacco0.0491000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton716.8591000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cashew nuts573.2041000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits10.5891000 ha2019
oranges10.5891000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas4.6981000 ha2019
dates0.6921000 ha2019
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber7 018 0702019
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle2 503.8361000 heads2019
cattle and buffaloes2 503.8361000 heads2019
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs520.8051000 heads2019
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep960.2421000 heads2019
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats1 955.8111000 heads2019
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses0.6341000 heads2019
asses and mules0.6341000 heads2019
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds21 9841000 heads2019
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs15.41000 t2019
hides and skins8.7121000 t2019
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs3 241t2019
freshwater fishes28 992.447t2019
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Non-metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clay77$1000 t2011
Mineral resources - Rocks
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
limestone1 0001000 t2011
marble - t0.31000 t2011
Mineral resources - Precious metals and stones
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
gold20$kg2012
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal185.18M kWh2018
non-renewable electricity generation97.269%2018
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal3121000 kW2018
- hydro33$1000 kW2019
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total installed capacity347.91000 kW2018
total net generation190.38M kWh2018
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Industry

Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley106.51000 t2018
coconut oil1.471000 t2018
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement1 3701000 t2018
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufacturing production1 516.308M US$2020
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agricultural raw materials57.374% of goods exports2019
food products26.347% of goods exports2019
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
China113M US$2007
India80.6M US$2006
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
China1 971M US$2007
France357M US$2007
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20202 606M US$ -
20193 053M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20203 560M US$ -
20193 932M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures76$M US$2018
Number of arrivals295 000units2018
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown1 500 000km flown2001
Civil aviation, passengers carried0.91000 units2016
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers2.121per 1000 pop.2019
Computers7.1per 1000 pop.2008
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling12.615years2016
Graduates14 877units2015
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Students, primary level2 223 966units2018
Students, secondary level992 999units2016
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds0.45per 1000 pop.2019
Physicians0.14per 1000 pop.2018
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV1$% of adults2019
Malaria3 084 525cases2019
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking4$%2019
Access to electricity40.319%2019
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