Form of Government: Republic
Area: 114 763 sq km
Population: 11 175 692 inhab. (estimate 2017)
Density: 97.38 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 12° - 7° N; long. 1° - 4° E
Capital: Porto-Novo (capital) 285 328 inhab. (2018); ; Cotonou (seat of government) 685 458 inhab. (2018);
Currency: CFA franc (100 centimes)
Human development index: 0.515 (rank: 163)
President: Patrice Talon (indep.) elected 20 March 2016, in office since 6 April 2016
National Assembly: seats based on the elections of 28 April 2019: Progressive Union, 47; Republican Bloc, 36
Internet: www.insae-bj.org (Institut National de la Statistique)
Member of AU, ECOWAS, OAS observer, OIC, UN, WTO

Benin

Bénin, République du Bénin
Useful information

International license plate code DY
International dialling code 00229
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required); malaria prophylaxis (recommended)
Electricity (Voltage) 220
Driving side rigth
Internet code .bj

GMT  +1
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Cotonou 26.3
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Cotonou 26.5/25
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Cotonou 5/7
Annual average precipitation (mm) Cotonou 1302
Days of rainfall (annual average) Cotonou 85

Politics and current affairs

The legislative elections on 28 April 2019 were boycotted by the oppositions in protest of their candidates being excluded.

Geography.
Benin is bordered by Burkina Faso and Niger to the north, by Nigeria to the east and by Togo to the west. It lies on the Gulf of Guinea to the south. The coastal plain rises inland into savannah highlands (reaching 800 m) before descending towards the River Niger.

Government


Previously a French colony (Dahomey), Benin has been independent since 1 August 1960, and in 1975 it assumed its present name. On the basis of the 1990 Constitution, the President is elected by direct universal suffrage for five years; Parliament has 83 members, elected for four years.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Air force3.6%2015
Army93.5%2015
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides6.2per 100 000 pop.2015
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Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Cotonou685 458inhab.2018
Porto-Novo285 328inhab.2018
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2018)
60+
15-59
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate36.62017
Death rate92017
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Fon38.4%2013
other16.3%2013


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Muslim27.7%2013
Catholic25.5%2013


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Baatonu (Bariba)
Dendi
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years42.3%2018
15-29 years28.3%2018


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Economy


Despite attempts by the government to diversify production, the country’s economy, largely informal, is based on the export of cotton (and, to a lesser extent, cashew nuts, shea butter, palm oil), and the business associated with the port of Cotonou (re-export trade with Nigeria).
Oil-processing plants can be found in Ahozon, Avrankou, Bohicon, Cotonou, Gbada and Pobé, sugar refineries in Savé and a tractor production factory in Ouidah, as well as textile and food plants. Its main economic partners are India, Bangladesh and Thailand. Tourism is growing.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)152.58index2016
Balance of trade-1 559.5M US$2018
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population4 707 957units2018
Active population, Females49.3%2018
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate2.1%2018
Unemployment rate, Females51.7%2018
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses1 346 200M LCU2018
Revenues1 076 200M LCU2018
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture41.4%2018
industry19.4%2018
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture27%2017
industry25.7%2017
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation568.95BN LCU2018
International reserves57.5M US$2016
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land28.38%2015
forests38.23%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total1 894.1631000 t2017
maize1 4541000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava4 341.8481000 t2017
potatoes0.7081000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chillies and peppers83.7771000 t2017
onions, dry69.7451000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry104.2271000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
castor oil seed0.6421000 t2017
groundnuts140.1351000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruits690.9081000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts18.3071000 t2017
copra2.51000 t2006
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa0.121000 t2016
coffee0.051000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane12.531000 t2017
tobacco0.0031000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton339.8111000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total481.8631000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cashew nuts151.8361000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits14.7741000 t2017
oranges14.7741000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas16.6561000 t2017
dates1.4061000 t2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize1 0501000 ha2017
millet28.6451000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava279.1451000 ha2017
potatoes0.0871000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chillies and peppers29.6271000 ha2017
onions, dry4.1491000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry120.8611000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
castor oil seed0.9011000 ha2017
groundnuts159.3661000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruit39.1491000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts14.3711000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coffee0.2591000 ha2017
pepper0.5781000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane0.6721000 ha2017
tobacco0.0051000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton387.3841000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cashew nuts455.7041000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits6.3751000 ha2017
oranges6.3751000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas3.3231000 ha2017
dates0.5791000 ha2017
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber6 952 1832017
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle2 380.3231000 heads2017
cattle and buffaloes2 380.3231000 heads2017
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs478.5361000 heads2017
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep1 496.3111000 heads2017
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats1 871.9771000 heads2017
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses0.6311000 heads2017
asses and mules0.6311000 heads2017
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds20 4701000 heads2017
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs15.51000 t2017
hides and skins6.6781000 t2013
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs5 822t2017
freshwater fishes30 282.66t2017
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Non-metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clay771000 t2011
Mineral resources - Rocks
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
limestone1 0001000 t2011
marble - t0.31000 t2011
Mineral resources - Precious metals and stones
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
gold20kg2012
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal314.9M kWh2016
non-renewable electricity generation94%2016
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal3121000 kW2016
- other renew.81000 kW2016
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation335M kWh2016
total installed capacity3211000 kW2016
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Industry

Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley931000 t2014
coconut oil1.61000 t2014
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement1 8001000 t2015
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufacturing production1 273.5M US$2018
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agricultural raw materials50.200% of goods exports2017
food products30.739% of goods exports2017
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
China113M US$2007
India80.6M US$2006
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
China1 971M US$2007
France357M US$2007
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20182 249M US$ -
20171 980M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20183 808M US$ -
20173 557M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures87M US$2016
Number of arrivals281 000units2017
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown1 500 000km flown2001
Civil aviation, passengers carried0.91000 units2016
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers2.58per 1000 pop.2017
Computers7.1per 1000 pop.2008
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling12.6years2016
Graduates14 877units2015
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level51 677units2017
Teachers, secondary level90 341units2016
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds0.45per 1000 pop.2015
Physicians0.15per 1000 pop.2016
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV1% of adults2017
Malaria1 719 171cases2017
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking6.44%2016
Access to electricity43.077%2017
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