Form of Government: Republic
Area: 114 763 sq km
Population: 10 872 298 inhab. (estimate 2016)
Density: 94.74 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 12° - 7° N; long. 1° - 4° E
Capital: Porto-Novo (capital) 264 320 inhab. (2013); ; Cotonou (seat of government) 679 012 inhab. (2013);
Currency: CFA franc (100 centimes)
Human development index: 0.485 (rank: 167)
President: Patrice Talon (indep.) elected 20 March 2016, in office since 6 April 2016
National Assembly: seats based on the elections of 26-VI-2015: FCBE (Cauri Forces for an Emerging Benin), 33; UN (Union Makes the Nation), 13; PRD (Democratic Renewal Party), 10; others, 27
Internet: www.insae-bj.org (Institut National de la Statistique)
Member of AU, ECOWAS, OAS observer, OIC, UN, WTO

Benin

Bénin, République du Bénin
Useful information

International license plate code DY
International dialling code 00229
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required); malaria prophylaxis (recommended)
Electricity (Voltage) 220
Driving side rigth
Internet code .bj

GMT  +1
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Cotonou 26.3
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Cotonou 26.5/25
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Cotonou 5/7
Annual average precipitation (mm) Cotonou 1302
Days of rainfall (annual average) Cotonou 85

Politics and current affairs

On 4 April 2017, Parliament rejected the plan for a constitutional reform put forth by President Talon, which called for the introduction of a single presidential term of 6 years.

Geography.
Benin is bordered by Burkina Faso and Niger to the north, by Nigeria to the east and by Togo to the west. It lies on the Gulf of Guinea to the south. The coastal plain rises inland into savannah highlands (reaching 800 m) before descending towards the River Niger.

Government


Previously a French colony (Dahomey), Benin has been independent since 1 August 1960, and in 1975 it assumed its present name. On the basis of the 1990 Constitution, the President is elected by direct universal suffrage for five years; Parliament has 83 members, elected for four years.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Air force3.6%2015
Army93.5%2015
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides6per 100 000 pop.2015
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Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Cotonou679 012inhab.2013
Djougou267 812inhab.2013
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2017)
60+
15-59
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate372016
Death rate9.22016
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Fon38.4%2013
other16.3%2013


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Muslim27.7%2013
Catholic25.5%2013


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Baatonu (Bariba)
Dendi
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years42.6%2017
15-29 years28.1%2017


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Economy


Despite attempts by the government to diversify production, the country’s economy, largely informal, is based on the export of cotton (and, to a lesser extent, cashew nuts, shea butter, palm oil), and the business associated with the port of Cotonou (re-export trade with Nigeria).
Oil-processing plants can be found in Ahozon, Avrankou, Bohicon, Cotonou, Gbada and Pobé, sugar refineries in Savé and a tractor production factory in Ouidah, as well as textile and food plants. Its main economic partners are Nigeria, China and India. Tourism is growing.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)152.58index2016
Balance of trade- 836M US$2017
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population4 542 247units2017
Active population, Females49.2%2017
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate2.5%2017
Unemployment rate, Females53.3%2017
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses1 086 282M LCU2016
Revenues771 829M LCU2016
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture43.2%2017
industry18.5%2017
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture23%2016
industry24.1%2016
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation575.2BN LCU2017
International reserves57.5M US$2016
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land28.38%2015
forests38.23%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total1 814.2891000 t2016
maize1 376.6831000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava4 317.6421000 t2016
potatoes1.3671000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chillies and peppers88.2681000 t2016
onions, dry81.1771000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry101.8211000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
castor oil seed0.6411000 t2016
groundnuts137.2141000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruits654.5421000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts18.3421000 t2016
copra2.51000 t2006
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa0.121000 t2016
coffee0.0551000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane12.0171000 t2016
tobacco0.0031000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton346.9351000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total481.8631000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cashew nuts125.7281000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits14.5551000 t2016
oranges14.5551000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas16.4671000 t2016
dates1.3881000 t2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize1 000.3611000 ha2016
millet29.391000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava275.5581000 ha2016
potatoes0.3251000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chillies and peppers27.7291000 ha2016
onions, dry4.4531000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry121.4851000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
castor oil seed0.9121000 ha2016
groundnuts159.4141000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruit37.5831000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts14.1261000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coffee0.2851000 ha2016
pepper0.5881000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane0.5981000 ha2016
tobacco0.0051000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton418.9431000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cashew nuts386.8571000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits5.7721000 ha2016
oranges5.7721000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas3.2911000 ha2016
dates0.5621000 ha2016
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber6 921 1482016
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle2 3391000 heads2016
cattle and buffaloes2 3391000 heads2016
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs4661000 heads2016
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep1 8361000 heads2016
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats1 8361000 heads2016
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses0.6331000 heads2016
asses and mules0.6331000 heads2016
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds20 0021000 heads2016
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs15.4941000 t2016
hides and skins6.6781000 t2013
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs267t2016
freshwater fishes29 003t2016
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Non-metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clay771000 t2011
Mineral resources - Rocks
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
limestone1 0001000 t2011
marble - t0.31000 t2011
Mineral resources - Precious metals and stones
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
gold20kg2012
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal303.62M kWh2015
non-renewable electricity generation97.432%2015
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal2071000 kW2015
- other renew.51000 kW2015
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation311.62M kWh2015
total installed capacity2131000 kW2015
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Industry

Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley931000 t2014
coconut oil1.61000 t2014
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement1 8001000 t2015
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufacturing production1 123.5M US$2017
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agricultural raw materials50.016% of goods exports2016
food products33.428% of goods exports2016
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
China113M US$2007
India80.6M US$2006
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
China1 971M US$2007
France357M US$2007
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20172 106.819M US$ -
20161 764.861M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20172 942.812M US$ -
20162 839.594M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures141M US$2015
Number of arrivals267 000units2016
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown1 500 000km flown2001
Civil aviation, passengers carried0.91000 units2016
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers2.58per 1000 pop.2017
Computers7.1per 1000 pop.2008
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling12.8years2015
Graduates14 877units2015
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level49 688units2015
Teachers, secondary level93 366units2015
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds0.5per 1000 pop.2012
Physicians0.15per 1000 pop.2016
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV1% of adults2016
Malaria1 374 729cases2016
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking6.44%2016
Access to electricity41.402%2016
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