Form of Government: Constitutional monarchy
Area: 22 965 sq km
Population: 408 487 inhab. (estimate 2019)
Density: 17.79 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 18° - 16° N; long. 89° - 87° W
Capital: Belmopan (capital) 23 038 inhab. (2018);
Currency: Belize dollar (100 cents)
Human development index: 0.72 (rank: 103)
Head of State: The British Sovereign
Prime Minister: Dean Barrow (UDP), since 8 February 2008
House of Representatives: seats based on the elections of 4 September 2015: United Democratic Party (UDP, conservative), 19; People's United Party (PUP, social-democratic), 12
Internet: www.sib.org.bz (Statistical Institute)
Member of Caricom, Commonwealth, OAS, UN, WTO

Belize

Belize
Useful information

International license plate code BH
International dialling code 00501
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required only if traveling from a country with risk of transmission); malaria prophylaxis (recommended for some areas)
Electricity (Voltage) 110/220
Driving side rigth
Internet code .bz

GMT  -6
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Belize 26.2
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Belize 23.5/27.5
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Belize 6.5/5.5
Annual average precipitation (mm) Belize 2000
Days of rainfall (annual average) Belize 137

Geography.
Belize is bordered to the north by Mexico, to the south and west by Guatemala, and lies on the Caribbean Sea to the east. Situated on a stretch of coast that is part of the Yucatan Peninsula, Belize also has a series of mostly coral islands in its coastal waters. The inland area is flat to the north and mountainous to the south (Doyle’s Delight, 1124 m). In 2019, a referendum approved the decision for an international arbitration to resolve a territory dispute with Guatemala.

Government


Previously known as British Honduras (until 1973), Belize became independent on 21 September 1981 and stayed within the Commonwealth. Guatemala only recognized its independence in 1991, without, however, dropping its claims over an area of 12 000 km2. The border between the two countries is marked by a 2 km “border strip”. The Head of State is the British Sovereign, represented by a Governor General who appoints the Prime Minister and the 13-member Senate; the House of Representatives is made up of 31 members elected by direct suffrage for 5 years.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Army100%2017
Military expenditure1.3% of GDP2018
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Crimes3 752.6per 100 000 pop.2006
Homicides37.6per 100 000 pop.2016
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Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Belize City63 423inhab.2018
Belmopan23 038inhab.2018
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2018)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE

Despite being one of the most developed countries in the area, poverty is widespread and economic inequality remains high.

Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate20.82018
Death rate4.72018
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mestizo48.2%2017
Creole25.7%2017


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Catholic40.1%2010
other25.9%2010


Languages
DESCRIPTION
English (official)
English Creole
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years33.6%2018
15-29 years27.6%2018


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Economy


Economic growth is susceptible to the fickle trend of tourism, oil exports and imports and the effects of natural disasters. Tourism is the most important economic sector. Among the plantation crops, which provide the largest share of exports, sugar cane predominates, although banana and citrus fruit growing is also significant. The fishing segment (crustaceans and molluscs) is sizeable, too. Cedar, mahogany, pine and rosewood are among the most important timber products. Oil extraction is relevant. The secondary sector includes the textile industry, factories for the conservation of citrus fruits (Dangriga) and sugar production (Orange Walk Town), tannic acid (Corozal), beer and cigarettes.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)96.51index2016
Balance of trade- 520M US$2019
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population178 514units2019
Active population, Females38.8%2019
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate6.4%2019
Unemployment rate, Females58.5%2019
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses1 300.9M LCU2019
Revenues1 171.4M LCU2019
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture16.8%2019
industry15.7%2019
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture11%2018
industry13.7%2018
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation0.398BN LCU2019
International reserves277.6M US$2019
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land4.82%2015
forests59.9%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total99.3411000 t2018
maize77.7661000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.6941000 t2018
potatoes1.541000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages1.2131000 t2018
carrots and turnips0.4831000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry8.5551000 t2018
beans, green0.2041000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts0.11000 t2018
soybeans11.7761000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts2.1041000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa0.111000 t2018
coffee0.091000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane1 707.5371000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total220.5281000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cashew nuts01000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits106.7971000 t2018
grapefruits7.4561000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas78.6921000 t2018
mangoes0.0321000 t2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize18.4881000 ha2018
rice2.7181000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.0591000 ha2018
potatoes0.1281000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.0471000 ha2018
carrots and turnips0.0461000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry10.41000 ha2018
beans, green0.0891000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts0.0751000 ha2018
soybeans6.4011000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts1.0711000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa0.5121000 ha2018
coffee0.0711000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane40.1571000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cashew nuts01000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits15.5371000 ha2018
grapefruits2.0831000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas2.4711000 ha2018
mangoes0.0031000 ha2018
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber167 0002018
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle117.3751000 heads2018
cattle and buffaloes117.3751000 heads2018
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs23.3741000 heads2018
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep15.7511000 heads2018
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats0.1911000 heads2018
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses and mules4.6471000 heads2018
equines, total10.681000 heads2018
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds1 6971000 heads2018
Livestock - Beekeeping
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
honey0.0541000 t2018
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs3.0631000 t2018
hides and skins0.2171000 t2018
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs2 881t2018
freshwater fishes60t2018
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Energy minerals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil, crude99.81000 t2019
Mineral resources - Rocks
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
dolomite51000 t2011
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- hydro248M kWh2018
- other renew.125M kWh2017
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal1001000 kW2017
- hydro541000 kW2018
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation409M kWh2017
total installed capacity2081000 kW2017
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Industry

Industry - Chemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fertilizers26 8741000 t2005
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley121000 t2014
soybean oil0.031000 t2014
Industry - Tobacco
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cigarettes78.2M units2005
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufacturing production104.7M US$2019
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
food products86.534% of goods exports2018
fuels6.527% of goods exports2018
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
United States132.7M US$2008
United Kingdom57.9M US$2008
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
United States286M US$2008
Netherlands Antilles99.9M US$2008
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2019460M US$ -
2018452M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2019980M US$ -
2018958M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures50M US$2018
Number of arrivals489 000units2018
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, passengers carried1 297.51000 units2018
Merchant fleet786units2019
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers64.369per 1000 pop.2018
Computers144.5per 1000 pop.2007
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling13.1years2017
Graduates1 699units2015
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level2 566units2018
Teachers, secondary level2 413units2018
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds1.3per 1000 pop.2014
Physicians1.04per 1000 pop.2018
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV1.9% of adults2018
HIV, total1%2001
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking85.43%2016
Access to electricity99.540%2018
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