Form of Government: Constitutional monarchy
Area: 22 965 sq km
Population: 398 050 inhab. (estimate 2018)
Density: 17.33 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 18° - 16° N; long. 89° - 87° W
Capital: Belmopan (capital) 23 038 inhab. (2018);
Currency: Belize dollar (100 cents)
Human development index: 0.708 (rank: 106)
Head of State: The British Sovereign
Prime Minister: Dean Barrow (UDP), since 8 February 2008
House of Representatives: seats based on the elections of 4 September 2015: United Democratic Party (UDP, conservative), 19; People's United Party (PUP, social-democratic), 12
Internet: www.sib.org.bz (Statistical Institute)
Member of Caricom, Commonwealth, OAS, UN, WTO

Belize

Belize
Useful information

International license plate code BH
International dialling code 00501
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required only if traveling from a country with risk of transmission); malaria prophylaxis (recommended for some areas)
Electricity (Voltage) 110/220
Driving side rigth
Internet code .bz

GMT  -6
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Belize 26.2
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Belize 23.5/27.5
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Belize 6.5/5.5
Annual average precipitation (mm) Belize 2000
Days of rainfall (annual average) Belize 137

Geography.
Belize is bordered to the north by Mexico, to the south and west by Guatemala, and lies on the Caribbean Sea to the east. Situated on a stretch of coast that is part of the Yucatan Peninsula, Belize also has a series of mostly coral islands in its coastal waters. The inland area is flat to the north and mountainous to the south (Doyle’s Delight, 1124 m). In 2018, a referendum approved the decision for an international arbitration to resolve a territory dispute with Guatemala.

Government


Previously known as British Honduras (until 1973), Belize became independent on 21 September 1981 and stayed within the Commonwealth. Guatemala only recognized its independence in 1991, without, however, dropping its claims over an area of 12 000 km2. The border between the two countries is marked by a 2 km “border strip”. The Head of State is the British Sovereign, represented by a Governor General who appoints the Prime Minister and the 13-member Senate; the House of Representatives is made up of 31 members elected by direct suffrage for 5 years.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Army100%2017
Military expenditure1.3% of GDP2017
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Crimes3 752.6per 100 000 pop.2006
Homicides37.6per 100 000 pop.2016
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Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Belize City63 423inhab.2018
Belmopan23 038inhab.2018
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2018)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE

Despite being one of the most developed countries in the area, poverty is widespread and economic inequality remains high.

Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate18.72017
Death rate4.82017
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mestizo48.2%2017
Creole25.7%2017


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Catholic40.1%2010
other25.9%2010


Languages
DESCRIPTION
English (official)
English Creole
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years33.6%2018
15-29 years27.6%2018


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Economy


Economic growth is susceptible to the fickle trend of tourism, oil exports and imports and the effects of natural disasters. Tourism is the most important economic sector. Among the plantation crops, which provide the largest share of exports, sugar cane predominates, although banana and citrus fruit growing is also significant. The fishing segment (crustaceans and molluscs) is sizeable, too. Cedar, mahogany, pine and rosewood are among the most important timber products. Oil extraction is relevant. The secondary sector includes the textile industry, factories for the conservation of citrus fruits (Dangriga) and sugar production (Orange Walk Town), tannic acid (Corozal), beer and cigarettes.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)96.51index2016
Balance of trade- 545M US$2018
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population177 289units2018
Active population, Females40.2%2018
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate9.4%2018
Unemployment rate, Females65.8%2018
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses1 208.8M LCU2018
Revenues1 170.5M LCU2018
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture17.6%2018
industry14.6%2018
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture13.9%2017
industry16.9%2017
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation0.397BN LCU2018
International reserves294.47M US$2018
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land4.82%2015
forests59.9%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total118.3761000 t2017
maize89.5361000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.5731000 t2017
potatoes1.3081000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages1.4421000 t2017
carrots and turnips0.4711000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry6.8911000 t2017
beans, green0.21000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts0.1251000 t2017
soybeans13.0371000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts1.1681000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa0.2441000 t2017
coffee0.081000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane1 670.4321000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total333.241000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cashew nuts01000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits137.4231000 t2017
grapefruits6.7531000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas85.1651000 t2017
mangoes0.0521000 t2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize19.6411000 ha2017
rice3.9721000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.0461000 ha2017
potatoes0.0981000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.0551000 ha2017
carrots and turnips0.041000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry8.5021000 ha2017
beans, green0.11000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts0.1261000 ha2017
soybeans3.6841000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts0.941000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa0.411000 ha2017
coffee0.0691000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane37.2471000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cashew nuts01000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits15.3131000 ha2017
grapefruits2.1781000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas2.4721000 ha2017
mangoes0.0051000 ha2017
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber167 0002017
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle113.1221000 heads2017
cattle and buffaloes113.1221000 heads2017
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs22.7261000 heads2017
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep15.1191000 heads2017
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats0.1891000 heads2017
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses and mules4.6351000 heads2017
equines, total10.6131000 heads2017
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds1 6771000 heads2017
Livestock - Beekeeping
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
honey0.0291000 t2014
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs2.9411000 t2017
hides and skins0.1871000 t2013
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs4 652t2017
freshwater fishes60t2017
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Energy minerals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil, crude99.81000 t2018
Mineral resources - Rocks
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
dolomite51000 t2011
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- hydro261M kWh2016
renewable electricity generation95%2016
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal1001000 kW2016
- hydro541000 kW2016
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation280M kWh2016
total installed capacity1981000 kW2016
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Industry

Industry - Chemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fertilizers26 8741000 t2005
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley121000 t2014
soybean oil0.031000 t2014
Industry - Tobacco
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cigarettes78.2M units2005
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufacturing production123.3M US$2017
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
food products86.668% of goods exports2018
fuels6.462% of goods exports2018
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
United States132.7M US$2008
United Kingdom57.9M US$2008
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
United States286M US$2008
Netherlands Antilles99.9M US$2008
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2018415M US$ -
2017457M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2018960M US$ -
2017916M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures53M US$2017
Number of arrivals427 000units2017
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, passengers carried1 285.61000 units2017
Merchant fleet764units2018
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers59.953per 1000 pop.2016
Computers144.5per 1000 pop.2007
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling13.1years2017
Graduates1 699units2015
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level2 630units2017
Teachers, secondary level2 401units2017
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds1.3per 1000 pop.2014
Physicians1.1per 1000 pop.2013
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV1.9% of adults2017
HIV, total1%2001
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking85.43%2016
Access to electricity98.265%2017
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