Form of Government: Constitutional monarchy
Area: 431 sq km
Population: 285 719 inhab. (estimate 2017)
Density: 662.92 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 13° N; long. 60° W
Capital: Bridgetown (capital) 5 996 inhab. (2000); Bridgetown 110 000 inhab. (2014), urban agglomeration
Currency: Barbados dollar (100 cents)
Human development index: 0.8 (rank: 58)
Head of State: The British Sovereign
Prime Minister: Mia Mottley (Barbados Labour Party), since 25 May 2018
Internet: www.barstats.gov.bb (Barbados Statistical Service)
Member of Caricom, Commonwealth, OAS, UN, WTO

Barbados

Barbados
Useful information

International license plate code BDS
International dialling code 001246
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required only if traveling from a country with risk of transmission, including travelers having transited more than 12 hours through the airport of a country with risk of transmission)
Electricity (Voltage) 115
Driving side left
Internet code .bb

GMT  -4
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Bridgetown 26.4
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Bridgetown 25.5/26.5
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Bridgetown 8/8
Annual average precipitation (mm) Bridgetown 1270
Days of rainfall (annual average) Bridgetown 147

Geography.
It is an island in the Atlantic Ocean, the most eastern of the Lesser Antilles. Barbados enjoys a mild climate.

Government


Formerly a British possession, Barbados has been independent since 30 November 1966. The British Sovereign is represented by a Governor General who appoints the Prime Minister and the 21 members of the Senate. The House of Representatives is made up of 30 members elected for a five-year term.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Army82%2015
Military expenditure0.7% of GDP2015
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides10.9per 100 000 pop.2015
Police personnel494.3per 100 000 pop.2015
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Administrative division

Administrative division
ParishAREAINHABITANTSYEAR
Christ Church57 sq km54 336 inhab.2010
Saint Andrew36 sq km5 139 inhab.2010
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Bridgetown5 996inhab.2000
Speightstown3 634inhab.2013
Urban agglomerations
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Bridgetown110 000inhab.2014
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2018)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate11.82017
Death rate10.82017
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
black92.4%2010
mestizo3.1%2010


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Protestant38.2%2010
Anglican23.9%2010


Languages
DESCRIPTION
English (official)
English Creole
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years17.8%2018
15-29 years19.7%2018


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Economy


The main resources are tourism, offshore financial services and the sugar industry. The public debt is very high.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)84.84index2016
Balance of trade-1 140M US$2018
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population152 053units2018
Active population, Females50.1%2018
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate9.6%2018
Unemployment rate, Females52.2%2018
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses2 964.7M LCU2015-16
Revenues2 458.4M LCU2015-16
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture2.8%2018
industry19.2%2018
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture1.5%2017
industry15.4%2017
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation0.65BN LCU2011
International reserves431.8M US$2016
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land27.91%2015
forests14.65%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total0.0991000 t2017
maize0.0991000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.3041000 t2017
roots and tubers, total3.9621000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.2671000 t2017
carrots and turnips0.1251000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry0.1091000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts0.0151000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts2.2241000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane102.1811000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total4.581000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados0.7631000 t2017
bananas0.9861000 t2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize0.0351000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.0151000 ha2017
sweet potatoes0.1311000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.0141000 ha2017
carrots and turnips0.0071000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry0.0191000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts0.0081000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts0.5251000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane2.21000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados0.1641000 ha2017
bananas0.1751000 ha2017
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber10 7772017
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle10.7431000 heads2017
cattle and buffaloes10.7431000 heads2017
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs23.8461000 heads2017
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep13.4781000 heads2017
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats5.4951000 heads2017
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses2.2791000 heads2017
asses and mules4.2791000 heads2017
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds3 6901000 heads2017
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs31000 t2017
hides and skins0.0411000 t2013
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs0.5t2017
freshwater fishes25t2017
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Energy minerals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
natural gas19.8M m³2013
oil, crude49.91000 t2018
Mineral resources - Rocks
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
limestone1 9001000 t2011
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal980M kWh2016
non-renewable electricity generation97.029%2016
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal2491000 kW2016
- other renew.201000 kW2016
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation1 010M kWh2016
total installed capacity2691000 kW2016
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Industry

Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley81000 t2014
margarine5.61000 t2014
Industry - Paper and wood products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
other paper21000 t2017
paper21000 t2017
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement1601000 t2016
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufacturing production218.7M US$2016
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufactures59.666% of goods exports2018
food products32.928% of goods exports2018
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
United States78.2M US$2010
United Kingdom52.6M US$2010
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
United States525.7M US$2010
Trinidad and Tobago85.9M US$2010
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2018445M US$ -
2017485M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20181 585M US$ -
20171 600M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures78M US$2013
Number of arrivals664 000units2017
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Merchant fleet121units2018
Merchant fleet, gross tonnage988 293t2018
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers312.684per 1000 pop.2017
Computers157.9per 1000 pop.2005
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling15.3years2011
Graduates2 389units2011
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level1 446units2017
Teachers, secondary level1 097units2017
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds5.8per 1000 pop.2014
Physicians1.8per 1000 pop.2013
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV1.6% of adults2017
Tuberculosis1.2per 100 000 pop.2016
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking99.44%2016
Access to electricity100%2017
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