Form of Government: Constitutional monarchy (see updates on page 21)
Area: 431 sq km
Population: 287 371 inhab. (estimate 2020)
Density: 666.75 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 13° N; long. 60° W
Capital: Bridgetown (capital) 89 201 inhab. (2018); Bridgetown 110 000 inhab. (2014), urban agglomeration
Currency: Barbados dollar (100 cents)
Human development index: 0.814 (rank: 58)
Head of State: The British Sovereign
Prime Minister: Mia Mottley (Barbados Labour Party), since 25 May 2018
Internet: //stats.gov.bb (Barbados Statistical Service)
Member of Caricom, Commonwealth, OAS, UN, WTO

Barbados

Barbados
Useful information

International license plate code BDS
International dialling code 001246
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required only if traveling from a country with risk of transmission, including travelers having transited more than 12 hours through the airport of a country with risk of transmission)
Electricity (Voltage) 115
Driving side left
Internet code .bb

GMT  -4
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Bridgetown 26.4
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Bridgetown 25.5/26.5
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Bridgetown 8/8
Annual average precipitation (mm) Bridgetown 1270
Days of rainfall (annual average) Bridgetown 147

Geography.
It is an island in the Atlantic Ocean, the most eastern of the Lesser Antilles. Barbados enjoys a mild climate.

Government


Formerly a British possession, Barbados has been independent since 30 November 1966. The British Sovereign is represented by a Governor General who appoints the Prime Minister and the 21 members of the Senate. The House of Representatives is made up of 30 members elected for a five-year term.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Army82$%2015
Military expenditure0.7% of GDP2015
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides10.9per 100 000 pop.2015
Police personnel494.3per 100 000 pop.2015
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Administrative division

Administrative division
ParishAREAINHABITANTSYEAR
Christ Church57$ sq km54 336 inhab.2010
Saint Andrew36$ sq km5 139 inhab.2010
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Bridgetown89 201inhab.2018
Speightstown3 634inhab.2013
Urban agglomerations
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Bridgetown110 000inhab.2014
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2020)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate10.6212019
Death rate9.0682019
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
black92.4%2010
mestizo3.1%2010


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Protestant38.2%2010
Anglican23.9%2010


Languages
DESCRIPTION
English (official)
English Creole
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years17.3%2020
15-29 years19$%2020


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Economy


The main resources are tourism, offshore financial services and the sugar industry. The public debt is very high.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)84.84index2016
Agricultural prod. index (2014-16=100)106.2index2019
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population147 311units2020
Active population, Females49.3%2019
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate12.8%2020
Unemployment rate, Females51$%2019
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses2 772M LCU2019-20
Revenues3 156M LCU2019-20
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture2.6%2019
industry19$%2019
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture1.532%2019
industry15.085%2019
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation0.824BN LCU2019
International reserves772.119M US$2019
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land18.605%2018
forests14.651%2018
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total0.0421000 t2019
maize0.0421000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.4861000 t2019
roots and tubers, total2.8551000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.4171000 t2019
carrots and turnips0.3381000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry0.0871000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts0.0081000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts2.3941000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane84.5891000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total5.5351000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados0.7871000 t2019
bananas1.0651000 t2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize0.0151000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.0251000 ha2019
sweet potatoes0.0911000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.021000 ha2019
carrots and turnips0.021000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry0.0151000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts0.0041000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts0.5521000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane2.9521000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados0.1721000 ha2019
bananas0.1831000 ha2019
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber10 7082019
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle11.1711000 heads2019
cattle and buffaloes11.1711000 heads2019
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs23.3151000 heads2019
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep13.8791000 heads2019
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats5.5421000 heads2019
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses2.291000 heads2019
asses and mules4.291000 heads2019
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds4 2721000 heads2019
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs3.751000 t2019
hides and skins0.0521000 t2019
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs0.5t2019
freshwater fishes25$t2019
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Energy minerals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
natural gas19.8M m³2013
oil, crude49.91000 t2020
Mineral resources - Rocks
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
limestone1 9001000 t2011
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal973M kWh2018
non-renewable electricity generation96.308%2018
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal2621000 kW2018
- other renew.24.021000 kW2019
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation1 010.3M kWh2018
total installed capacity286.021000 kW2018
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Industry

Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley8$1000 t2018
linseed oil0.0091000 t2018
Industry - Paper and wood products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
other paper2$1000 t2019
paper2$1000 t2019
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement1601000 t2018
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufacturing production218.7M US$2016
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufactures48.949% of goods exports2019
fuels28.699% of goods exports2019
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
United States78.2M US$2010
United Kingdom52.6M US$2010
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
United States525.7M US$2010
Trinidad and Tobago85.9M US$2010
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2020345M US$ -
2019444M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20201 518M US$ -
20191 581M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures78$M US$2013
Number of arrivals680 000units2018
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Merchant fleet165units2021
Merchant fleet, gross tonnage1 632 040t2021
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers372.104per 1000 pop.2019
Computers157.9per 1000 pop.2005
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling15.3years2011
Graduates2 389units2011
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Students, primary level19 895units2019
Students, secondary level19 121units2019
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds5.97per 1000 pop.2017
Physicians2.48per 1000 pop.2017
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV0.8% of adults2019
Tuberculosis0.4per 100 000 pop.2018
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking100%2019
Access to electricity100%2019
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