Form of Government: Constitutional monarchy
Area: 431 sq km
Population: 284 996 inhab. (estimate 2016)
Density: 661.24 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 13° N; long. 60° W
Capital: Bridgetown (capital) 5 996 inhab. (2000); Bridgetown 94 200 inhab. (2010), urban agglomeration
Currency: Barbados dollar (100 cents)
Human development index: 0.795 (rank: 54)
Head of State: The British Sovereign
Prime Minister: Mia Mottley (Barbados Labour Party), since 25 May 2018
Internet: www.barstats.gov.bb (Barbados Statistical Service)
Member of Caricom, Commonwealth, OAS, UN, WTO

Barbados

Barbados
Useful information

International license plate code BDS
International dialling code 001246
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required only if traveling from a country with risk of transmission, including travelers having transited more than 12 hours through the airport of a country with risk of transmission)
Electricity (Voltage) 115
Driving side left
Internet code .bb

GMT  -4
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Bridgetown 26.4
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Bridgetown 25.5/26.5
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Bridgetown 8/8
Annual average precipitation (mm) Bridgetown 1270
Days of rainfall (annual average) Bridgetown 147

Geography.
It is an island in the Atlantic Ocean, the most eastern of the Lesser Antilles. Barbados enjoys a mild climate.

Government


Formerly a British possession, Barbados has been independent since 30 November 1966. The British Sovereign is represented by a Governor General who appoints the Prime Minister and the 21 members of the Senate. The House of Representatives is made up of 30 members elected for a five-year term.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Army82%2015
Military expenditure0.7% of GDP2015
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides10.9per 100 000 pop.2015
Police personnel494.3per 100 000 pop.2015
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Administrative division

Administrative division
ParishAREAINHABITANTSYEAR
Christ Church57 sq km54 336 inhab.2010
Saint Andrew36 sq km5 139 inhab.2010
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Bridgetown5 996inhab.2000
Speightstown2 400inhab.2010
Urban agglomerations
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Bridgetown94 200inhab.2010
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2017)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate11.92016
Death rate10.72016
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
black92.4%2010
mestizo3.1%2010


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Protestant38.2%2010
Anglican23.9%2010


Languages
DESCRIPTION
English (official)
English Creole
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years18%2017
15-29 years19.8%2017


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Economy


The main resources are tourism, offshore financial services and the sugar industry. The public debt is very high.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)84.84index2016
Balance of trade-1 255M US$2017
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population152 925units2017
Active population, Females49.7%2017
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate9.7%2017
Unemployment rate, Females52.1%2017
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses2 964.7M LCU2015-16
Revenues2 458.4M LCU2015-16
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture2.9%2017
industry19.2%2017
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture1.6%2016
industry15.5%2016
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation0.65BN LCU2011
International reserves431.8M US$2016
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land27.91%2015
forests14.65%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total0.0961000 t2016
maize0.0961000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.3111000 t2016
roots and tubers, total3.581000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.2981000 t2016
carrots and turnips0.1351000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry0.1211000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts0.0171000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts2.2571000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane83.3691000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total4.581000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados0.7391000 t2016
bananas0.9811000 t2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize0.0341000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.0151000 ha2016
sweet potatoes0.1241000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.0151000 ha2016
carrots and turnips0.0081000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry0.0211000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts0.0091000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts0.551000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane1.7331000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados0.1591000 ha2016
bananas0.1761000 ha2016
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber10 8122016
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle10.9511000 heads2016
cattle and buffaloes10.9511000 heads2016
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs23.4651000 heads2016
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep13.2821000 heads2016
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats5.4751000 heads2016
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses2.2811000 heads2016
asses and mules4.2811000 heads2016
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds3 7451000 heads2016
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs4.2611000 t2016
hides and skins0.0411000 t2013
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs0.5t2016
freshwater fishes25t2016
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Energy minerals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
natural gas19.8M m³2013
oil, crude49.91000 t2017
Mineral resources - Rocks
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
limestone1 9001000 t2011
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal915M kWh2015
non-renewable electricity generation100%2015
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal2391000 kW2015
- other renew.91000 kW2015
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation915M kWh2015
total installed capacity2481000 kW2015
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Industry

Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley81000 t2014
margarine5.61000 t2014
Industry - Paper and wood products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
other paper21000 t2016
paper21000 t2016
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement1601000 t2015
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufacturing production218.7M US$2016
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufactures60.242% of goods exports2016
food products33.812% of goods exports2016
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
United States78.2M US$2010
United Kingdom52.6M US$2010
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
United States525.7M US$2010
Trinidad and Tobago85.9M US$2010
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2017440M US$ -
2016516.834M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20171 695M US$ -
20161 621.538M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures78M US$2013
Number of arrivals632 000units2016
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Merchant fleet121units2018
Merchant fleet, gross tonnage988 293t2018
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers312.684per 1000 pop.2017
Computers157.9per 1000 pop.2005
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling15.3years2011
Graduates2 389units2011
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level1 553units2016
Teachers, secondary level1 093units2016
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds6.2per 1000 pop.2012
Physicians1.8per 1000 pop.2013
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV1.3% of adults2016
Tuberculosis1.2per 100 000 pop.2016
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking99.44%2016
Access to electricity100%2016
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