Form of Government: Constitutional monarchy
Area: 13 943 sq km
Population: 393 248 inhab. (estimate 2020)
Density: 28.2 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 27° - 21° N; long. 79° - 71° W
Capital: Nassau (capital) 279 668 inhab. (2018);
Currency: Bahamian dollar (100 cents)
Human development index: 0.814 (rank: 58)
Head of State: The British Sovereign
Prime Minister: Hubert Minnis (Free National Movement), since 11 May 2017
Internet: //stats.gov.bs (National Statistical Institute)
Member of Caricom, Commonwealth, OAS, UN, WTO observer

Bahamas, The

The Bahamas, Commonwealth of The Bahamas
Useful information

International license plate code BS
International dialling code 001242
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required only if traveling from a country with risk of transmission, including travelers having transited more than 12 hours through the airport of a country with risk of transmission)
Electricity (Voltage) 120
Driving side left
Internet code .bs

GMT  -5
DST  -4
DST duration (start-end) mid March (Sunday 9)-early November

Annual average temperature (°C) Nassau 24.2
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Nassau 20.5/27.5
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Nassau 8/7
Annual average precipitation (mm) Nassau 1220
Days of rainfall (annual average) Nassau 127

Geography.
The Bahamas are a coral archipelago in the Atlantic Ocean between Florida and the islands of Cuba and Hispaniola. The archipelago is made up of 29 main islands (including Abaco, Grand Bahama Island, New Providence), as well as 661 small islands and 2387 rocks.
The climate is mild throughout the year.

Government


Previously a British colony, the Bahamas have been independent since 10 July 1973. The British Sovereign is represented by a Governor General who nominates the Prime Minister. The Parliament is made up of the Chamber of Deputies (39 elected members) and the Senate (16 nominated members).

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Military expenditure1$% of GDP2014
Military personnel1 300units2018
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides28.4per 100 000 pop.2016
Police personnel742.5per 100 000 pop.2012
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Administrative division

Administrative division
IslandAREAINHABITANTSYEAR
Abaco1 681 sq km17 224 inhab.2010
Acklins497 sq km565 inhab.2010
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Nassau279 668inhab.2018
Freeport28 000inhab.2010
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2020)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate13.8822019
Death rate6.8412019
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
black91$%2010
white5$%2010


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Protestant34.9%2010
other27.7%2010


Languages
DESCRIPTION
English
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years21.9%2020
15-29 years23.4%2020


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Economy


The main resources are tourism and offshore financial activities. The country possesses a large mercantile fleet because of the ease of registering with the local shipping registry (using the country as a so-called “flag of convenience”).

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)130.59index2016
Agricultural prod. index (2014-16=100)100.83index2019
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population220 959units2020
Active population, Females47.5%2019
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate14.4%2020
Unemployment rate, Females49.5%2019
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses2 965M LCU2020-21
Revenues1 583M LCU2020-21
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture2.1%2019
industry14.2%2019
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture0.706%2019
industry15.225%2019
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation0.547BN LCU2020
International reserves2 382.078M US$2020
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land1.199%2018
forests50.935%2018
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total0.6661000 t2019
maize0.6661000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.2031000 t2019
roots and tubers, total2.2831000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages1.8341000 t2019
lettuce0.1531000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts3.1841000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane61.3791000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total52.7161000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits31.1391000 t2019
grapefruits24.6571000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados1.4181000 t2019
bananas11.7631000 t2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize0.0681000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.0061000 ha2019
sweet potatoes0.5921000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.0681000 ha2019
lettuce0.0111000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts0.4011000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane2.4651000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits0.9581000 ha2019
grapefruits0.5291000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados0.1151000 ha2019
bananas0.5481000 ha2019
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber50 8592019
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle0.7371000 heads2019
cattle and buffaloes0.7371000 heads2019
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs5.0271000 heads2019
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep6.7611000 heads2019
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats14.9641000 heads2019
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds3 0531000 heads2019
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs0.8621000 t2019
hides and skins0.0241000 t2019
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs9 340.31t2019
marine fishes530.09t2019
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Non-metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
salt1 0001000 t2013
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal1 900M kWh2018
non-renewable electricity generation99.817%2018
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal5761000 kW2018
- other renew.2$1000 kW2019
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation1 903.49M kWh2018
total installed capacity5771000 kW2018
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Industry

Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufacturing production309M US$2019
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufactures60.379% of goods exports2018
fuels19.374% of goods exports2018
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
United States490M US$2008
Canada36.4M US$2008
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
United States2 818M US$2008
Venezuela168M US$2008
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2020469M US$ -
2019669M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20202 458M US$ -
20193 073M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures514M US$2019
Number of arrivals1 804 000units2019
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown7 900 000km flown2006
Civil aviation, passengers carried1 856.51000 units2019
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers211.294per 1000 pop.2019
Computers122.9per 1000 pop.2005
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling12$years2006
Gross enrolment ratio, primary - Female81$index2018
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Students, primary level29 504units2018
Students, secondary level26 884units2018
Social statistics - Social protection
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Social protection spending7.6% of total expenses2015
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds2.96per 1000 pop.2017
Physicians2$per 1000 pop.2017
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV1.8% of adults2018
Tuberculosis15$per 100 000 pop.2019
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking100%2019
Access to electricity100%2019
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