Form of Government: Constitutional monarchy
Area: 13 943 sq km
Population: 395 361 inhab. (estimate 2017)
Density: 28.36 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 27° - 21° N; long. 79° - 71° W
Capital: Nassau (capital) 279 668 inhab. (2018);
Currency: Bahamian dollar (100 cents)
Human development index: 0.807 (rank: 54)
Head of State: The British Sovereign
Prime Minister: Hubert Minnis (Free National Movement), since 11 May 2017
Internet: www.bahamas.gov.bs/statistics (Department of Statistics)
Member of Caricom, Commonwealth, OAS, UN, WTO observer

Bahamas, The

The Bahamas, Commonwealth of The Bahamas
Useful information

International license plate code BS
International dialling code 001242
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required only if traveling from a country with risk of transmission, including travelers having transited more than 12 hours through the airport of a country with risk of transmission)
Electricity (Voltage) 120
Driving side left
Internet code .bs

GMT  -5
DST  -4
DST duration (start-end) mid March (Sunday 9)-early November

Annual average temperature (°C) Nassau 24.2
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Nassau 20.5/27.5
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Nassau 8/7
Annual average precipitation (mm) Nassau 1220
Days of rainfall (annual average) Nassau 127

Geography.
The Bahamas are a coral archipelago in the Atlantic Ocean between Florida and the islands of Cuba and Hispaniola. The archipelago is made up of 29 main islands (including Abaco, Grand Bahama Island, New Providence), as well as 661 small islands and 2387 rocks.
The climate is mild throughout the year.

Government


Previously a British colony, the Bahamas have been independent since 10 July 1973. The British Sovereign is represented by a Governor General who nominates the Prime Minister. The Parliament is made up of the Chamber of Deputies (39 elected members) and the Senate (16 nominated members).

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Military expenditure1% of GDP2014
Military personnel1 300units2017
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides28.4per 100 000 pop.2016
Police personnel742.5per 100 000 pop.2012
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Administrative division

Administrative division
IslandAREAINHABITANTSYEAR
Abaco1 681 sq km17 224 inhab.2010
Acklins497 sq km565 inhab.2010
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Nassau279 668inhab.2018
Freeport28 000inhab.2010
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2018)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate14.12017
Death rate6.42017
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
black91%2010
white5%2010


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Protestant34.9%2010
other27.7%2010


Languages
DESCRIPTION
English
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years22.4%2018
15-29 years24.3%2018


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Economy


The main resources are tourism and offshore financial activities. The country possesses a large mercantile fleet because of the ease of registering with the local shipping registry (using the country as a so-called “flag of convenience”).

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)130.59index2016
Balance of trade-2 930M US$2018
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population236 343units2018
Active population, Females46.6%2018
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate11.9%2018
Unemployment rate, Females53.1%2018
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses2 457M LCU2018
Revenues2 041M LCU2018
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture2.6%2018
industry16.1%2018
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture0.9%2017
industry13.1%2017
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation2.65BN LCU2017
International reserves1 414M US$2017
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land1.2%2015
forests51.45%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total0.7981000 t2017
maize0.7981000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava1.1541000 t2017
roots and tubers, total3.1541000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages1.6591000 t2017
lettuce0.1381000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts2.9811000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane58.3421000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total49.9361000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits31.6171000 t2017
grapefruits24.8491000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados1.3831000 t2017
bananas12.2411000 t2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize0.091000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.0481000 ha2017
sweet potatoes0.5681000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.0621000 ha2017
lettuce0.011000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts0.3761000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane2.3371000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits0.9431000 ha2017
grapefruits0.5561000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados0.1121000 ha2017
bananas0.8911000 ha2017
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber50 7792017
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle0.741000 heads2017
cattle and buffaloes0.741000 heads2017
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs5.011000 heads2017
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep6.6931000 heads2017
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats14.941000 heads2017
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds2 8671000 heads2017
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs0.8181000 t2017
hides and skins0.0231000 t2013
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
corals0t2016
crustaceans and molluscs11 031t2017
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Non-metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
salt1 0001000 t2013
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal1 776M kWh2016
non-renewable electricity generation99.887%2016
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal5761000 kW2016
- other renew.11000 kW2016
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation1 778M kWh2016
total installed capacity5771000 kW2016
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Industry

Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufacturing production317.3M US$2017
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufactures60.596% of goods exports2015
food products28.301% of goods exports2015
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
United States490M US$2008
Canada36.4M US$2008
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
United States2 818M US$2008
Venezuela168M US$2008
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2018630M US$ -
2017571M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20183 560M US$ -
20173 108M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures554M US$2017
Number of arrivals1 439 000units2017
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown7 900 000km flown2006
Civil aviation, passengers carried921.51000 units2017
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers219.718per 1000 pop.2017
Computers122.9per 1000 pop.2005
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling12years2006
Gross enrolment ratio, primary - Female98index2016
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level1 611units2016
Teachers, secondary level2 414units2016
Social statistics - Social protection
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Social protection spending7.6% of total expenses2015
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds2.9per 1000 pop.2013
Physicians2.8per 1000 pop.2013
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV1.9% of adults2017
Tuberculosis15per 100 000 pop.2017
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking100%2016
Access to electricity100%2017
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