Form of Government: Republic
Area: 86 570 sq km
Population: 10 067 100 inhab. (estimate 2020)
Density: 116.29 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 42° - 38° N; long. 45° - 51° E
Capital: Baku=Bakı (capital) 1 229 100 inhab. (2015); Baku 2 293 100 inhab. (2020), urban agglomeration
Currency: manat (100 gopik)
Human development index: 0.754 (rank: 87)
President: İlham Heydar Aliev (YAP), elected 15 October 2003, in office since 31-X-2003, last reconfirmed on 11 April 2018
Prime Minister: Ali Asadov (YAP), since 8 October 2019
National Assembly: seats based on the elections of 9 February 2020: New Azerbaijan Party (YAP), 70; independents, 41; others, 10; invalidated, 4
Internet: www.stat.gov.az (The State Statistical Committee)
Member of CIS, Council of Europe, EBRD, OAS observer, OIC, OSCE, UN, WTO observer

Azerbaijan

Azärbaycan, Azärbaycan Respublikası
Useful information

International license plate code AZ
International dialling code 00994
Travel vaccinations requirement none
Electricity (Voltage) 220
Driving side rigth
Internet code .az

GMT  +4
DST  +5 (except Nagorno-Karabakh)
DST duration (start-end) late March-late October

Annual average temperature (°C) Baku=Bakı 14.2
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Baku=Bakı 3.5/25
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Baku=Bakı 11/3
Annual average precipitation (mm) Baku=Bakı 241
Days of rainfall (annual average) Baku=Bakı 57

Geography.
Azerbaijan is bordered by Georgia and Russia to the north, by Iran to the south and by Armenia to the west. It lies on the Caspian Sea to the east with the Abşeron peninsula extending into it; the country includes the easternmost extremity of the Greater Caucasus to the north and into the hills of the Lesser Caucasus to the south. The valley of the River Kura cuts across the country. Also forming part of the country, the autonomous region of Naxçıvan is an enclave between Armenia and Iran with a small portion bordering Turkey to the west. The climate is continental, with limited rainfall and a considerable atmospheric temperature range; the regions to the south east enjoy a milder climate.

Government


Previously a federated republic of the Soviet Union, Azerbaijan declared its independence on 30 August 1991. Heydar Aliev, in power since 1993, established an authoritarian regime, which was carried out after his death (in 2003) by his son Ilham Heydar. In 1997, following years of undeclared war with Armenia, a wide range of autonomous powers was granted to the Nagorno-Karabakh region (predominantly inhabited by Armenians), although tensions remain high on the border. According to the Constitution of 12 November 1995, amended several times, the President of the Republic, who has wide-ranging powers, is elected by direct vote for seven years; the National Assembly (125 members) is elected for five years.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Air force11.8%2015
Army84.9%2015
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Crimes266per 100 000 pop.2019
Homicides1.6per 100 000 pop.2019
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Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Baku=Bakı1 229 100inhab.2015
Gäncä332 600inhab.2018
Urban agglomerations
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Baku2 293 100inhab.2020
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2018)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate14.32019
Death rate5.62019
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Azerbaijani (Azeri)91.6%2009
other2.5%2009


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Muslim (Shia)63%2009
Muslim (Sunni)33%2009


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Azeri (official)
Russian
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years23%2018
15-29 years23.7%2018


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Economy


The country’s economy remains closely tied to the prices of crude oil and natural gas, which are the mainstays of exports. The main trading partners are Turkey, Italy and Russia. Intensive agriculture is carried out in the northern hills (tobacco, aromatic plants, vines) and on the Caspian coast (tomatoes and other vegetables, fruits plants); irrigation plants enable the cultivation of the Kura Plain (cotton, cereals). The rearing of pigs and goats takes place in the dry areas of the country. Sericulture is important. The main resources of the country are hydrocarbons (oil in Baku, Siyäzän, Şirvan and in the Caspian Sea; natural gas in Karadag, Kalmas). Large western and Russian companies also take part in the exploitation of these resources. Oil pipelines are active that connect Bakı with Ceyhan (a Turkish port on the Mediterranean), passing through Tbilisi (Georgia), and with Supsa (Georgia) and Novorossiysk (Russia), ports on the Black Sea; a gas pipeline is also active between Bakı and Erzurum (Anatolia). The main industries are related to oil: refineries (in Baku and Novo-Baku, linked by a pipeline at Batumi, on the Black Sea), petrochemical plants and machinery for extraction. Further sectors include the steel industry and metal working (in Sumqayıt, Gäncä), chemicals (in Baku and Sumqayıt), mechanics and electro-mechanics (in Baku, Mingäçevir and Gäncä), food (beer in Kazah, Hudat, Sumqayıt, Bärdä, Fizuli, Länkäran), textiles (in Mingäçevir), cement (in Baku, Qazax and in Naxçıvan).

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)141.35index2016
Balance of trade8 000M US$2019
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population5 103 137units2019
Active population, Females48.8%2019
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate5.5%2019
Unemployment rate, Females56.1%2019
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses24 425.6M LCU2019
Revenues24 398.5M LCU2019
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture35.9%2019
industry14.9%2019
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture5.7%2018
industry56.6%2018
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation10.4BN LCU2019
International reserves7 043M US$2019
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land26.31%2015
forests13.78%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley916.0361000 t2018
cereals, total3 181.8181000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes898.9141000 t2018
roots and tubers, total898.9141000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages108.7451000 t2018
carrots and turnips40.6671000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry10.171000 t2018
beans, green0.1061000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grapes167.5911000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Olive
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
olives1.0731000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
soybeans0.0411000 t2018
sunflower seed23.5861000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
tea0.8691000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar beet277.2171000 t2018
tobacco6.3171000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton233.5921000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples277.1581000 t2018
apricots28.5661000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
almonds1.0371000 t2018
hazelnuts52.0671000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits49.1391000 t2018
citrus fruits, nes4.4181000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Others
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mushrooms1.51000 t2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley337.1551000 ha2018
maize31.7151000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes59.3111000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages4.2251000 ha2018
carrots and turnips1.2191000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry4.1811000 ha2018
beans, green0.0471000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grape14.3711000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Olive
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
olive3.2591000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
soybeans0.0691000 ha2018
sunflower seed11.5511000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
tea0.6631000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar beet8.5621000 ha2018
tobacco3.3251000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton132.5121000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples28.6471000 ha2018
apricots3.1291000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
almonds0.3281000 ha2018
hazelnuts39.0211000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits3.2361000 ha2018
citrus fruits, nes0.9191000 ha2018
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber425 3002018
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle2 482.6271000 heads2018
cattle and buffaloes2 658.8221000 heads2018
Livestock - Buffaloes
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
buffaloes176.1951000 heads2018
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs5.4851000 heads2018
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep7 681.6741000 heads2018
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats622.4261000 heads2018
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses28.041000 heads2018
asses and mules28.0931000 heads2018
Livestock - Camelids
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
camels0.2391000 heads2018
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds31 6381000 heads2018
Livestock - Beekeeping
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
honey4.9941000 t2018
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
butter23.4451000 t2014
cheese58.2971000 t2014
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
freshwater fishes737t2018
marine fishes85t2018
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Energy minerals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
natural gas24 527M m³2019
oil, crude38 268.31000 t2019
Mineral resources - Metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
copper1.91000 t2016
iron ore25.51000 t2016
Mineral resources - Non-metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bentonite49.31000 t2016
gypsum1101000 t2017
Mineral resources - Rocks
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
limestone553.11000 t2016
Mineral resources - Precious metals and stones
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
gold3 711.5kg2019
Mineral resources - Other minerals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
iodine200t2019
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal21 786M kWh2018
- hydro1 750M kWh2018
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal6 7641000 kW2017
- hydro1 1201000 kW2018
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation23 820M kWh2018
total installed capacity7 9541000 kW2017
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Industry

Industry - Iron and Steel, Metallurgy
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
aluminium351000 t2017
steel, crude1801000 t2017
Industry - Machinery and transport equipment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bikes200 000no.2007
cars2 523no.2019
Industry - Electrical and electronics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
air conditioners200no.2015
fridges1 400no.2019
Industry - Petrochemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bitumen2371000 t2017
petrol1 161.21000 t2019
Industry - Chemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
caustic soda0.0021000 t2014
soap0.691000 t2014
Industry - Textiles
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
carpets2.81000 m²2019
cotton fabrics21.1M m²2019
Industry - Clothing and footwear
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
footwear360 600pairs2016
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley514.91000 t2014
cottonseed oil2.31000 t2014
Industry - Tobacco
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cigarettes1 655.5M units2016
cigars and cigarettes1 655.5M units2016
Industry - Paper and wood products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
other paper13.71000 t2018
paper13.71000 t2018
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement3 396.21000 t2019
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chemicals production121.3M US$2018
food, beverages and tobacco production539.5M US$2018
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fuels92.222% of goods exports2018
food products3.622% of goods exports2018
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Italy7 044M US$2010
France1 857M US$2010
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Russia1 145M US$2010
Turkey771.4M US$2010
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
201920 000M US$ -
201820 291M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
201912 000M US$ -
201811 465M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures2 453M US$2018
Number of arrivals2 633 000units2018
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Communications


The Baku-Tbilisi-Kars railway (826 km) was activated in 2017.

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown13 700 000km flown2004
Civil aviation, passengers carried2 729.51000 units2018
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers190.050per 1000 pop.2018
Computers80.5per 1000 pop.2008
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling13.3years2018
Gradautes, percentage0.2%2016
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level41 164units2018
Teachers, secondary level124 211units2018
Social statistics - Social protection
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Social protection spending19.7% of total expenses2018
Social protection spending5.2% of GDP2002
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds4.4per 1000 pop.2020
Physicians3.2per 1000 pop.2020
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV0.1% of adults2017
Malaria1cases2017
Museums
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Museums239units2020
Museums, visitors3 343 000units2020
Research
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Research and development spending0.15% of GDP2019
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking95.54%2016
Access to electricity100%2018
Household consumption expenditure
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clothing, footwear6.5%2017
education1.8%2017
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