Form of Government: Republic
Area: 29 743 sq km
Population: 2 972 700 inhab. (estimate 2018)
Density: 99.95 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 41° - 39° N; long. 43° - 47° E
Capital: Yerevan (capital) 1 077 600 inhab. (2018);
Currency: dram (100 luma)
Human development index: 0.755 (rank: 83)
President: Armen Sarkissian (independent), elected 9 April 2018
Prime Minister: Nikol Pashinyan (My Step Alliance), since 8 May 2018
National Assembly: seats based on the elections of 9 December 2018: My Step Alliance (centrist), 88; BHK (Prosperous Armenia, conservative), 26; Bright Armenia (liberal alliance), 18
Internet: www.armstat.am (National Statistical Service)
Member of CIS, Council of Europe, EAEU, EBRD, OAS observer, OSCE, UN, WTO

Armenia

Hayastan, Hayastani Hanrapetut’yun
Useful information

International license plate code ARM
International dialling code 00374
Travel vaccinations requirement none
Electricity (Voltage) 220
Driving side rigth
Internet code .am

GMT  +4
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Yerevan 6.8
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Yerevan -3/19
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Yerevan 11/3
Annual average precipitation (mm) Yerevan 305
Days of rainfall (annual average) Yerevan 64

Politics and current affairs

Prime Minister N. Pashinyan resigned on 16 October 2018 in order to move up the elections planned for 9 December. The government coalition earned 70.4% of the vote, while the Republican Party led by former president Serzh Sargsyan, which held a majority in Parliament and led the country since 1999, did not pass the election threshold.

Geography.
Armenia is bordered to the north by Georgia, to the east and south-east by Azerbaijan, to the south by Iran and to the west by Turkey. Extending across the hills of the Lesser Caucasus, the country is a mixture of mountain chains, volcanic uplands and depressions caused by subsidence (Lake Sevan). It has an average altitude of 1800 m; the highest peak is Mount Aragac (4090 m). The water system drains into the Caspian Sea via River Kura and River Araks. The climate is continental with wide temperature fluctuations and substantial rainfall on high ground.

Government


A former federate republic of the USSR, Armenia declared independence on 23 September 1991. Since 1988 it has been in an undeclared state of war with Azerbaijan over the sovereignty of Nagorno-Karabakh, a region belonging to Azerbaijan though mostly inhabited by Armenians. A pact ratified on 12 October 1997 granted ample autonomy to the province, which is connected by a land corridor to Armenia. In 2015, the Constitution, adopted on 5 July 1995, was amended to transform the political structure into a parliamentary republic. The President of the Republic is now elected for a seven-year term by the National Assembly (at least 101 elected members serving five-year terms) and nominates the candidate elected by the National Assembly as Prime Minister. The judicial system is based on European principles.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Air force6.6%2015
Army93.4%2015
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Crimes679.3per 100 000 pop.2017
Homicides1.2per 100 000 pop.2017
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Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Yerevan1 077 600inhab.2018
Gyumri114 500inhab.2018
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2018)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate12.62017
Death rate9.12017
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Armenian98.1%2011
Yazidi1.2%2011


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Orthodox92.8%2011
other4.3%2011


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Armenian (official)
Kurdish
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years18.9%2018
15-29 years21%2018


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Economy


Arable farming is mainly concentrated in the Araks valley, with livestock farming (cattle and sheep) a major resource in the mountain areas. There are sizeable deposits of molybdenum (Agarak, K’ajaran) and smaller deposits of gold and copper. The nuclear power reactor at Metsamor, even if obsolete, still meets a significant proportion of the energy needs of the country. Substantial hydroelectric and thermoelectric power generation occurs, which harnesses Russian and Iranian natural gas piped through pipelines. Industries include chemicals (Alaverdi, Yerevan, Vanadzor), textiles (Yerevan, Vanadzor, Gyumri), mechanical engineering (Gyumri, Vanadzor) and cement (Ararat, Hrazdan).
The economy is supported by exports of raw materials and by foreign investment, especially by Russia and Armenians resident abroad.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)127.18index2016
Balance of trade-2 551.1M US$2018
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population1 379 542units2018
Active population, Females46%2018
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate17.7%2018
Unemployment rate, Females46.4%2018
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses1 298 940M LCU2017
Revenues1 270 772M LCU2017
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture33.3%2018
industry15.8%2018
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture16.3%2017
industry27.6%2017
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation566.7BN LCU2018
International reserves2 259.3M US$2018
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land17.7%2015
forests11.66%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley92.931000 t2017
cereals, total298.0291000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes547.421000 t2017
roots and tubers, total547.421000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages117.0851000 t2017
carrots and turnips18.8481000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry3.6721000 t2017
lentils0.0961000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grapes209.9541000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar beet61.5531000 t2017
tobacco1.0871000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Flax
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
linseed0.4721000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples116.0511000 t2017
apricots87.321000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
hazelnuts0.4481000 t2017
walnuts5.2621000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Others
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mushrooms0.31000 t2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley57.6441000 ha2017
maize2.1251000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes25.3111000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages3.4111000 ha2017
carrots and turnips0.8631000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry1.6651000 ha2017
lentils0.0791000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grape14.8461000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar beet4.0261000 ha2017
tobacco0.461000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Flax
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
linseed0.2671000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples10.6171000 ha2017
apricots10.5071000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
hazelnuts0.1821000 ha2017
walnuts1.8691000 ha2017
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber1 548 1002017
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle655.7711000 heads2017
cattle and buffaloes656.4881000 heads2017
Livestock - Buffaloes
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
buffaloes0.7171000 heads2017
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs175.5491000 heads2017
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep699.5611000 heads2017
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats27.5211000 heads2017
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses2.1041000 heads2017
asses and mules2.141000 heads2017
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds3 9721000 heads2017
Livestock - Beekeeping
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
honey2.11000 t2014
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
butter1.0931000 t2014
cheese18.321000 t2014
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs349t2017
freshwater fishes1 989t2017
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Energy minerals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
natural gas3 000M m³2009
Mineral resources - Metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
copper67.61000 t2015
molybdenum51000 t2018
Mineral resources - Non-metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barite0.61000 t2013
bentonite1.61000 t2016
Mineral resources - Rocks
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
diatomite0.221000 t2013
limestone18 0001000 t2013
Mineral resources - Precious metals and stones
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
gold3 140kg2016
silver15 000kg2015
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal2 426.14M kWh2016
- hydro2 327M kWh2016
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal2 3901000 kW2016
- hydro1 3111000 kW2016
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation6 951.14M kWh2016
total installed capacity4 080.41000 kW2016
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Industry

Industry - Iron and Steel, Metallurgy
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
aluminium29.71000 t2015
copper11.61000 t2015
Industry - Machinery and transport equipment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bikes400no.2016
Industry - Precision and optical instruments
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
watches and clocks6 334no.2017
Industry - Electrical and electronics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
computers870no.2017
mobiles1 430no.2017
Industry - Chemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
caustic soda0.031000 t2015
soap0.3871000 t2017
Industry - Textiles
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
carpets261000 m²2013
carpets - t0.0191000 t2017
Industry - Clothing and footwear
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
footwear72 000pairs2016
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley23.71000 t2014
fish, frozen0.681000 t2016
Industry - Tobacco
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cigarettes28 477M units2017
cigars and cigarettes28 477M units2017
Industry - Paper and wood products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
other paper9.21000 t2017
paper9.21000 t2017
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement3561000 t2017
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chemicals production22.4M US$2016
food, beverages and tobacco production697.8M US$2016
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Trade


Main exports (M US$ - 2017) copper 587, cigars and cigarettes 242, spirits 207, gold 147, aluminium 106, iron and steel 87, unrefined copper 79

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
ores and metals36.899% of goods exports2018
food products32.821% of goods exports2018
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Russia159.9M US$2010
Bulgaria156.5M US$2010
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Russia828.3M US$2010
China402.1M US$2010
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20182 412M US$ -
20172 245M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20184 963M US$ -
20174 189M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures1 325M US$2017
Number of arrivals1 495 000units2017
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown11 600 000km flown2004
Civil aviation, passengers carried451000 units2013
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers107.600per 1000 pop.2017
Computers96.9per 1000 pop.2005
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling13years2015
Graduates34 505units2017
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level6 606units2007
Teachers, secondary level42 214units2010
Social statistics - Social protection
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Social protection spending7.4% of GDP2017
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds4.2per 1000 pop.2017
Physicians4.4per 1000 pop.2017
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV0.2% of adults2017
HIV, total0.06%2001
Museums
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Museums106units2017
Museums, visitors2 758 100units2017
Research
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Research and development spending0.2% of GDP2017
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking96.9%2016
Access to electricity100%2017
Household consumption expenditure
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
food, non-alcoholic beverages, tobacco45.9%2017
others19.2%2017
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