Form of Government: Republic
Area: 29 743 sq km
Population: 2 986 100 inhab. (estimate 2017)
Density: 100.40 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 41° - 39° N; long. 43° - 47° E
Capital: Yerevan (capital) 1 075 800 inhab. (2017);
Currency: dram (100 luma)
Human development index: 0.743 (rank: 84)
President: Armen Sarkissian (independent), elected 9 April 2018
Prime Minister: Nikol Pashinyan (Way Out Alliance), since 8 May 2018
National Assembly: seats based on the elections of 2 April 2017: HHK (Republican Party, conservative), 58; Tsarukyan Alliance (coalition led by Prosperous Armenia, conservative), 31; Way Out Alliance, 9; HYD (Armenian Revolutionary Federation, socialist), 7
Internet: www.armstat.am (National Statistical Service)
Member of CIS, Council of Europe, EAEU, EBRD, OAS observer, OSCE, UN, WTO

Armenia

Hayastan, Hayastani Hanrapetut’yun
Useful information

International license plate code ARM
International dialling code 00374
Travel vaccinations requirement none
Electricity (Voltage) 220
Driving side rigth
Internet code .am

GMT  +4
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Yerevan 6.8
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Yerevan -3/19
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Yerevan 11/3
Annual average precipitation (mm) Yerevan 305
Days of rainfall (annual average) Yerevan 64

Politics and current affairs

After the end of his second presidential term (9 April 2018), Serzh Sargsyan was nominated as Prime Minister (17 April), sparking widespread protests in the streets that led to his resignation on 23 April and the nomination of Nikol Pashinyan, leader of opposition coalition Way Out.

Geography.
Armenia is bordered to the north by Georgia, to the east and south-east by Azerbaijan, to the south by Iran and to the west by Turkey. Extending across the hills of the Lesser Caucasus, the country is a mixture of mountain chains, volcanic uplands and depressions caused by subsidence (Lake Sevan). It has an average altitude of 1800 m; the highest peak is Mount Aragac (4090 m). The water system drains into the Caspian Sea via River Kura and River Araks. The climate is continental with wide temperature fluctuations and substantial rainfall on high ground.

Government


A former federate republic of the USSR, Armenia declared independence on 23 September 1991. Since 1988 it has been in an undeclared state of war with Azerbaijan over the sovereignty of Nagorno-Karabakh, a region belonging to Azerbaijan though mostly inhabited by Armenians. A pact ratified on 12 October 1997 granted ample autonomy to the province, which is connected by a land corridor to Armenia. In 2015, the Constitution, adopted on 5 July 1995, was amended to transform the political structure into a parliamentary republic. The President of the Republic is now elected for a seven-year term by the National Assembly (at least 101 elected members serving five-year terms) and nominates the candidate elected by the National Assembly as Prime Minister. The judicial system is based on European principles.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Air force6.6%2015
Army93.4%2015
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Crimes625.8per 100 000 pop.2016
Homicides1.1per 100 000 pop.2016
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Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Yerevan1 075 800inhab.2017
Gyumri116 000inhab.2017
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2017)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate13.52016
Death rate9.42016
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Armenian98.1%2011
Yazidi1.2%2011


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Orthodox92.8%2011
other4.3%2011


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Armenian (official)
Kurdish
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years18.9%2017
15-29 years21.9%2017


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Economy


Arable farming is mainly concentrated in the Araks valley, with livestock farming (cattle and sheep) a major resource in the mountain areas. There are sizeable deposits of molybdenum (Agarak, K’ajaran) and smaller deposits of gold and copper. The nuclear power reactor at Metsamor, even if obsolete, still meets a significant proportion of the energy needs of the country. Substantial hydroelectric and thermoelectric power generation occurs, which harnesses Russian and Iranian natural gas piped through pipelines. Industries include chemicals (Alaverdi, Yerevan, Vanadzor), textiles (Yerevan, Vanadzor, Gyumri), mechanical engineering (Gyumri, Vanadzor) and cement (Ararat).
The economy is supported by exports of raw materials and by foreign investment, especially by Russia and Armenians resident abroad.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)127.18index2016
Balance of trade-1 940M US$2017
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population1 409 658units2017
Active population, Females46.6%2017
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate18.2%2017
Unemployment rate, Females51.8%2017
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses1 302 878.1M LCU2016
Revenues1 192 386.7M LCU2016
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture34.3%2017
industry16%2017
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture17.4%2016
industry26.9%2016
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation516.1BN LCU2017
International reserves2 313.8M US$2017
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land17.7%2015
forests11.66%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley197.0571000 t2016
cereals, total598.9661000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes606.3141000 t2016
roots and tubers, total606.3141000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages134.5161000 t2016
carrots and turnips24.2281000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry4.7491000 t2016
lentils0.031000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grapes178.7521000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar beet67.1311000 t2016
tobacco1.1321000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Flax
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
linseed0.2551000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples62.5741000 t2016
apricots62.0541000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
hazelnuts0.3521000 t2016
walnuts4.141000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Others
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mushrooms0.3611000 t2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley71.3121000 ha2016
maize3.291000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes28.8291000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages3.9021000 ha2016
carrots and turnips0.9661000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry1.9561000 ha2016
lentils0.0151000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grape16.2311000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar beet4.3991000 ha2016
tobacco0.4641000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Flax
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
linseed0.2011000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples10.3111000 ha2016
apricots9.5311000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
hazelnuts0.1581000 ha2016
walnuts1.671000 ha2016
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber1 548 2002016
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle701.5351000 heads2016
cattle and buffaloes702.2261000 heads2016
Livestock - Buffaloes
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
buffaloes0.6911000 heads2016
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs174.7761000 heads2016
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep747.3381000 heads2016
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats30.7311000 heads2016
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses2.7961000 heads2016
asses and mules2.8521000 heads2016
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds4 1141000 heads2016
Livestock - Beekeeping
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
honey2.11000 t2014
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
butter1.0931000 t2014
cheese18.321000 t2014
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs3 430t2016
freshwater fishes2 970t2016
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Energy minerals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
natural gas3 000M m³2009
Mineral resources - Metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
copper67.61000 t2015
molybdenum6.31000 t2017
Mineral resources - Non-metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barite0.61000 t2013
bentonite1.61000 t2015
Mineral resources - Rocks
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
diatomite0.221000 t2013
limestone18 0001000 t2013
Mineral resources - Precious metals and stones
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
gold3 100kg2015
silver15 000kg2015
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal2 632.94M kWh2015
- nuclear2 571M kWh2015
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal2 3901000 kW2015
- hydro1 2981000 kW2015
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation7 391.94M kWh2015
total installed capacity4 0681000 kW2015
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Industry

Industry - Iron and Steel, Metallurgy
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
aluminium29.71000 t2015
copper11.61000 t2015
Industry - Machinery and transport equipment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bikes600no.2015
Industry - Precision and optical instruments
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
watches and clocks13 000no.2015
Industry - Electrical and electronics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
computers1 706no.2015
Industry - Chemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
caustic soda0.031000 t2015
soap0.1611000 t2015
Industry - Textiles
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
carpets261000 m²2013
carpets - t0.0441000 t2014
Industry - Clothing and footwear
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
footwear62 000pairs2015
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley23.71000 t2014
margarine0.021000 t2014
Industry - Tobacco
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cigarettes18 280M units2015
cigars and cigarettes18 280M units2015
Industry - Paper and wood products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
other paper91000 t2016
paper91000 t2016
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement4171000 t2015
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufacturing production1 180.5M US$2017
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Trade


Main exports (M US$ - 2017) copper 587, cigars and cigarettes 242, spirits 207, gold 147, aluminium 106, iron and steel 87, unrefined copper 79

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
ores and metals37.973% of goods exports2016
food products33.778% of goods exports2016
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Russia159.9M US$2010
Bulgaria156.5M US$2010
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Russia828.3M US$2010
China402.1M US$2010
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20172 242.9M US$ -
20161 791.723M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20174 182.8M US$ -
20163 273.468M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures1 119M US$2016
Number of arrivals1 260 000units2016
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown11 600 000km flown2004
Civil aviation, passengers carried451000 units2013
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers107.600per 1000 pop.2017
Computers96.9per 1000 pop.2005
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling13years2015
Graduates27 574units2016
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level6 606units2007
Teachers, secondary level42 214units2010
Social statistics - Social protection
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Social protection spending7.1% of GDP2014
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds4.2per 1000 pop.2014
Physicians4.3per 1000 pop.2014
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV0.2% of adults2016
HIV, total0.06%2001
Museums
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Museums105units2014
Museums, visitors2 091 400units2014
Research
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Research and development spending0.23% of GDP2016
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking96.9%2016
Access to electricity100%2016
Household consumption expenditure
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
food, non-alcoholic beverages, tobacco49.7%2013
others18.3%2013
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