Form of Government: Republic
Area: 29 743 sq km
Population: 2 959 700 inhab. (estimate 2020)
Density: 99.51 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 41° - 39° N; long. 43° - 47° E
Capital: Yerevan (capital) 1 084 000 inhab. (2020);
Currency: dram (100 luma)
Human development index: 0.776 (rank: 81)
President: Armen Sarkissian (independent), elected 9 April 2018
Prime Minister: Nikol Pashinyan (Civil Contract), since 8 May 2018
National Assembly: seats based on the elections of 20 June 2021: Civil Contract (centrist), 71; Armenia Alliance (nationalist), 29; I Have Honour Alliance (nationalist), 7
Internet: www.armstat.am (National Statistical Service)
Member of CIS, Council of Europe, EAEU, EBRD, OAS observer, OSCE, UN, WTO

Armenia

Hayastan, Hayastani Hanrapetut’yun
Useful information

International license plate code ARM
International dialling code 00374
Travel vaccinations requirement none
Electricity (Voltage) 220
Driving side rigth
Internet code .am

GMT  +4
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Yerevan 6.8
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Yerevan -3/19
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Yerevan 11/3
Annual average precipitation (mm) Yerevan 305
Days of rainfall (annual average) Yerevan 64

Politics and current affairs

Despite the discontent at the result of the conflict with Azerbaijan, which took control of certain areas contested in the Nagorno-Karabakh, at the early elections on 20 June 2021, the party led by Prime Minister Pashinyan maintained the parliamentary majority.

Geography.
Armenia is bordered to the north by Georgia, to the east and south-east by Azerbaijan, to the south by Iran and to the west by Turkey. Extending across the hills of the Lesser Caucasus, the country is a mixture of mountain chains, volcanic uplands and depressions caused by subsidence (Lake Sevan). It has an average altitude of 1800 m; the highest peak is Mount Aragac (4090 m). The water system drains into the Caspian Sea via River Kura and River Araks. The climate is continental with wide temperature fluctuations and substantial rainfall on high ground.

Government


A former federate republic of the USSR, Armenia declared independence on 23 September 1991. Since 1988 it has been in an undeclared state of war with Azerbaijan over the sovereignty of Nagorno-Karabakh, a region belonging to Azerbaijan though mostly inhabited by Armenians. A pact ratified on 12 October 1997 granted ample autonomy to the province, which is connected by a land corridor to Armenia. In 2015, the Constitution, adopted on 5 July 1995, was amended to transform the political structure into a parliamentary republic. Since 1999, the government has been expressed by the Republican Party, but in 2018 popular protests forced the Prime Minister and former President Serzh Sargsyan to resign. The President of the Republic is now elected for a seven-year term by the National Assembly (at least 101 elected members serving five-year terms) and nominates the candidate elected by the National Assembly as Prime Minister. The judicial system is based on European principles.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Air force6.6%2015
Army93.4%2015
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Crimes905.5per 100 000 pop.2019
Homicides1.2per 100 000 pop.2017
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Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Yerevan1 084 000inhab.2020
Gyumri112 400inhab.2020
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2020)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate12.22019
Death rate8.82019
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Armenian98.1%2011
Yazidi1.2%2011


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Orthodox92.8%2011
other4.3%2011


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Armenian (official)
Kurdish
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years18.6%2020
15-29 years19.4%2020


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Economy


Arable farming is mainly concentrated in the Araks valley, with livestock farming (cattle and sheep) a major resource in the mountain areas. There are sizeable deposits of molybdenum (Agarak, K’ajaran) and smaller deposits of gold and copper. The nuclear power reactor at Metsamor, even if obsolete, still meets a significant proportion of the energy needs of the country. Substantial hydroelectric and thermoelectric power generation occurs, which harnesses Russian and Iranian natural gas piped through pipelines. Industries include chemicals (Alaverdi, Yerevan, Vanadzor), textiles (Yerevan, Vanadzor, Gyumri), mechanical engineering (Gyumri, Vanadzor) and cement (Ararat, Hrazdan).
The economy is supported by exports of raw materials and by foreign investment, especially by Russia and Armenians resident abroad.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)127.18index2016
Agricultural prod. index (2014-16=100)81.38index2019
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population1 175 581units2020
Active population, Females46.2%2019
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate20.2%2020
Unemployment rate, Females47$%2019
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses1 667 290.2M LCU2019
Revenues1 614 924.6M LCU2019
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture29.6%2019
industry17.2%2019
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture13.245%2019
industry26.834%2019
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation751.466BN LCU2020
International reserves2 615.531M US$2020
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land20.352%2018
forests13.263%2018
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley68.3331000 t2019
cereals, total195.0631000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes404.0571000 t2019
roots and tubers, total404.0571000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages79.5131000 t2019
carrots and turnips13.171000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry2.7311000 t2019
lentils0.1271000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grapes217.5241000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar beet66.8311000 t2019
tobacco0.9471000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Flax
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
linseed0.141000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples81.6741000 t2019
apricots68.1131000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
hazelnuts0.3471000 t2019
walnuts3.9891000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Others
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mushrooms0.3081000 t2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley49.7221000 ha2019
maize1.1371000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes20.1331000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages2.4231000 ha2019
carrots and turnips0.7611000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry1.2361000 ha2019
lentils0.1251000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grape14.891000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar beet4.3661000 ha2019
tobacco0.3811000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Flax
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
linseed0.1741000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples10.0691000 ha2019
apricots10.3631000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
hazelnuts0.1851000 ha2019
walnuts1.821000 ha2019
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber1 547 0002019
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle571.8611000 heads2019
cattle and buffaloes572.5311000 heads2019
Livestock - Buffaloes
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
buffaloes0.671000 heads2019
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs197.8771000 heads2019
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep615.7051000 heads2019
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats22.5521000 heads2019
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses1.5621000 heads2019
asses and mules1.61000 heads2019
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds4 2891000 heads2019
Livestock - Beekeeping
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
honey2.21000 t2019
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
butter0.7441000 t2018
cheese21.2491000 t2018
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs642.656t2019
freshwater fishes2 192.331t2019
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
copper68.91000 t2018
molybdenum7$1000 t2020
Mineral resources - Non-metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barite0.61000 t2013
bentonite32.41000 t2019
Mineral resources - Rocks
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
basalt37.61000 t2019
diatomite20$1000 t2019
Mineral resources - Precious metals and stones
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
gold5 000kg2018
silver18 700kg2018
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal2 864.18M kWh2019
- hydro2 347.29M kWh2019
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal1 8271000 kW2018
- hydro1 3331000 kW2019
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation7 256.47M kWh2019
total installed capacity3 558.41000 kW2018
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Industry

Industry - Iron and Steel, Metallurgy
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
aluminium30.61000 t2019
copper8.81000 t2018
Industry - Machinery and transport equipment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bikes400no.2016
Industry - Precision and optical instruments
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
watches and clocks12 319no.2019
Industry - Electrical and electronics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
computers1 057no.2019
mobiles1 430no.2017
Industry - Chemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
caustic soda0.031000 t2015
paints21.61000 t2019
Industry - Textiles
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
carpets26$1000 m²2013
carpets - t0.0321000 t2019
Industry - Clothing and footwear
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
footwear149 595pairs2019
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley23.5791000 t2018
fish, frozen0.681000 t2016
Industry - Tobacco
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cigarettes33 874M units2019
cigars and cigarettes33 874M units2019
Industry - Paper and wood products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
other paper8.41000 t2019
paper8.41000 t2019
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement5911000 t2019
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chemicals production27.037M US$2018
food, beverages and tobacco production885.907M US$2018
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Trade


Main exports (M US$ - 2017) copper 587, cigars and cigarettes 242, spirits 207, gold 147, aluminium 106, iron and steel 87, unrefined copper 79

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
ores and metals36.123% of goods exports2019
food products31.698% of goods exports2019
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Russia159.9M US$2010
Bulgaria156.5M US$2010
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Russia828.3M US$2010
China402.1M US$2010
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20202 544M US$ -
20192 640M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20204 559M US$ -
20195 514M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures1 543M US$2019
Number of arrivals1 894 000units2019
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown11 600 000km flown2004
Civil aviation, passengers carried193.71000 units2019
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers130.405per 1000 pop.2019
Computers96.9per 1000 pop.2005
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling13.106years2019
Graduates29 928units2018
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Students, primary level154 409units2019
Students, secondary level248 972units2019
Social statistics - Social protection
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Social protection spending26.052% of total expenses2019
Social protection spending6.9% of GDP2019
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds4$per 1000 pop.2019
Physicians4.7per 1000 pop.2019
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV0.2% of adults2019
HIV, total0.06%2001
Museums
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Museums100units2019
Museums, visitors2 366 100units2019
Research
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Research and development spending0.189% of GDP2018
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking98.1%2019
Access to electricity100%2019
Household consumption expenditure
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
food, non-alcoholic beverages, tobacco44.7%2018
others18.9%2018
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