Form of Government: Constitutional monarchy
Area: 443.9 sq km
Population: 100 963 inhab. (estimate 2016)
Density: 227.45 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 17° N; long. 62° W
Capital: Saint John's (capital) 22 219 inhab. (2011);
Currency: East Caribbean dollar (100 cents)
Human development index: 0.786 (rank: 62)
Head of State: The British Sovereign
Prime Minister: Gaston Browne (Labour Party), since 13 June 2014
Internet: www.ab.gov.ag (Government of Antigua and Barbuda)
Member of Caricom, Commonwealth, OAS, UN, WTO

Antigua and Barbuda

Antigua and Barbuda
Useful information

International license plate code AG
International dialling code 001268
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required only if traveling from a country with risk of transmission)
Electricity (Voltage) 110/230
Driving side left
Internet code .ag

GMT  -4
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Saint John's 26.5
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Saint John's 25/28
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Saint John's 9/8
Annual average precipitation (mm) Saint John's 1052
Days of rainfall (annual average) Saint John's 127

Geography.
An archipelago of the Lesser Antilles, the country includes Antigua (280 km²), Barbuda (160.5 km²) and Redonda (1.5 km²), fringed with coral reefs. It has a dry climate. Antigua’s highest point is Mount Boggy (402 m).

Government


A British colony until 1967, the islands became independent in 1981. The British Sovereign is represented by a Governor General who appoints the Prime Minister and the 17 members of the Senate; the House of Representatives (17 members) is elected for a five-year term.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Army72.2%2015
Military expenditure2.1% of GDP2015
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides11.2per 100 000 pop.2012
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Administrative division

Administrative division
ParishAREAINHABITANTSYEAR
Saint George24.1 sq km8 055 inhab.2011
Saint John73.8 sq km51 737 inhab.2011
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Saint John's22 219inhab.2011
All Saints4 600inhab.2009
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2017)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate16.22016
Death rate5.82016
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
black87.3%2011
mestizo4.7%2011


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
other22.1%2011
Anglican17.6%2011


Languages
DESCRIPTION
English (official)
English Creole
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years23.1%2017
15-29 years24.2%2017


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Economy


The country has one of the highest per-capita incomes in the area. Tourism is its main resource (which employs 75% of the local population). Limited manufacturing activities.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)70.18index2016
Balance of trade- 585M US$2017
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population43 870units2011
Active population, Females51.1%2011
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate10.2%2011
Unemployment rate, Females47.2%2011
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses753.3M LCU2015
Revenues804.1M LCU2015
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture2.8%2008
industry15.6%2008
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture1.9%2016
industry19.3%2016
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation0.232BN LCU2017
International reserves313.6M US$2017
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land11.36%2015
forests22.27%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total0.0761000 t2016
maize0.0761000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.1441000 t2016
roots and tubers, total0.6131000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.1381000 t2016
carrots and turnips0.2881000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, green0.1011000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton0.1041000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total9.231000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits0.4381000 t2016
lemons0.4381000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas0.2671000 t2016
mangoes1.4251000 t2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize0.0471000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.0271000 ha2016
sweet potatoes0.0441000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.0341000 ha2016
carrots and turnips0.0831000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, green0.0261000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton0.621000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits0.11000 ha2016
lemons0.11000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas0.0311000 ha2016
mangoes0.2851000 ha2016
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle4.3491000 heads2016
cattle and buffaloes4.3491000 heads2016
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs5.031000 heads2016
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep13.2871000 heads2016
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats23.2541000 heads2016
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses1.7191000 heads2016
asses and mules1.7191000 heads2016
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds1591000 heads2016
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs0.2781000 t2016
hides and skins0.0211000 t2013
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs1 746t2016
freshwater fishes10t2016
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal330M kWh2015
non-renewable electricity generation100%2015
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal841000 kW2015
- other renew.31000 kW2015
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation330M kWh2015
total installed capacity871000 kW2015
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Industry

Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley0.011000 t2013
cottonseed oil0.011000 t2014
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufacturing production37.6M US$2017
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
food products54.770% of goods exports2016
manufactures34.712% of goods exports2016
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
201735M US$ -
201678.203M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2017620M US$ -
2016503.43M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures75M US$2016
Number of arrivals265 000units2016
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown5 200 000km flown2006
Civil aviation, passengers carried590.51000 units2017
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers91.726per 1000 pop.2016
Computers206.8per 1000 pop.2006
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling13.9years2012
Graduates254units2012
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level703units2015
Teachers, secondary level701units2015
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds2.1per 1000 pop.2011
Physicians0.5per 1000 pop.2011
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Tuberculosis3.4per 100 000 pop.2016
Tuberculosis (prevalence)7.6per 100 000 pop.2014
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking98.75%2016
Access to electricity97.354%2016
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