Form of Government: Constitutional monarchy
Area: 443.9 sq km
Population: 102 012 inhab. (estimate 2017)
Density: 229.81 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 17° N; long. 62° W
Capital: Saint John's (capital) 20 764 inhab. (2018);
Currency: East Caribbean dollar (100 cents)
Human development index: 0.78 (rank: 70)
Head of State: The British Sovereign
Prime Minister: Gaston Browne (Labour Party), since 13 June 2014
Internet: www.ab.gov.ag (Government of Antigua and Barbuda)
Member of Caricom, Commonwealth, OAS, UN, WTO

Antigua and Barbuda

Antigua and Barbuda
Useful information

International license plate code AG
International dialling code 001268
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required only if traveling from a country with risk of transmission)
Electricity (Voltage) 110/230
Driving side left
Internet code .ag

GMT  -4
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Saint John's 26.5
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Saint John's 25/28
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Saint John's 9/8
Annual average precipitation (mm) Saint John's 1052
Days of rainfall (annual average) Saint John's 127

Geography.
An archipelago of the Lesser Antilles, the country includes Antigua (280 km²), Barbuda (160.5 km²) and Redonda (1.5 km²), fringed with coral reefs. It has a dry climate. Antigua’s highest point is Mount Boggy (402 m).

Government


A British colony until 1967, the islands became independent in 1981. The British Sovereign is represented by a Governor General who appoints the Prime Minister and the 17 members of the Senate; the House of Representatives (17 members) is elected for a five-year term.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Army72.2%2015
Military expenditure2.1% of GDP2015
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides10.3per 100 000 pop.2012
TOP

Administrative division

Administrative division
ParishAREAINHABITANTSYEAR
Saint George24.1 sq km8 055 inhab.2011
Saint John73.8 sq km51 737 inhab.2011
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Saint John's20 764inhab.2018
All Saints5 125inhab.2012
TOP

Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2018)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate16.12017
Death rate5.82017
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
black87.3%2011
mestizo4.7%2011


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
other22.1%2011
Anglican17.6%2011


Languages
DESCRIPTION
English (official)
English Creole
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years22.9%2018
15-29 years24%2018


TOP

Economy


The country has one of the highest per-capita incomes in the area. Tourism is its main resource (which employs 75% of the local population). Limited manufacturing activities.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)70.18index2016
Balance of trade- 414.2M US$2018
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population49 308units2015
Active population, Females53.1%2015
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate13.7%2015
Unemployment rate, Females56.1%2015
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses753.3M LCU2015
Revenues804.1M LCU2015
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture3.2%2015
industry14.2%2015
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture2%2017
industry21.3%2017
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation0.247BN LCU2018
International reserves328.7M US$2018
TOP

Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land11.36%2015
forests22.27%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total0.0771000 t2017
maize0.0771000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.151000 t2017
roots and tubers, total0.6391000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.1381000 t2017
carrots and turnips0.2911000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, green0.1021000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton0.1041000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total9.231000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits0.3821000 t2017
lemons0.3821000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas0.2741000 t2017
mangoes1.4261000 t2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize0.0481000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.0271000 ha2017
sweet potatoes0.0471000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.0351000 ha2017
carrots and turnips0.0841000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, green0.0271000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton0.6171000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits0.0861000 ha2017
lemons0.0861000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas0.0331000 ha2017
mangoes0.2811000 ha2017
TOP

Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle51000 heads2017
cattle and buffaloes51000 heads2017
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs51000 heads2017
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep141000 heads2017
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats271000 heads2017
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses1.7211000 heads2017
asses and mules1.7211000 heads2017
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds1581000 heads2017
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs0.281000 t2017
hides and skins0.0211000 t2013
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs1 861t2017
freshwater fishes10t2017
TOP

Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal325M kWh2016
non-renewable electricity generation98.187%2016
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal1201000 kW2016
- other renew.41000 kW2016
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation331M kWh2016
total installed capacity1241000 kW2016
TOP

Industry

Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley0.011000 t2013
cottonseed oil0.011000 t2014
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufacturing production39.5M US$2018
TOP

Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
food products52.304% of goods exports2018
manufactures47.333% of goods exports2018
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
201887M US$ -
2017208M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2018501M US$ -
2017554M US$ -
TOP

Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures106M US$2017
Number of arrivals247 000units2017
TOP

Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown5 200 000km flown2006
Civil aviation, passengers carried590.51000 units2017
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers91.726per 1000 pop.2016
Computers206.8per 1000 pop.2006
TOP

Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling13.9years2012
Graduates254units2012
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level825units2017
Teachers, secondary level813units2017
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds3.8per 1000 pop.2014
Physicians0.5per 1000 pop.2011
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Tuberculosis1.1per 100 000 pop.2017
Tuberculosis (prevalence)7.6per 100 000 pop.2014
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking98.75%2016
Access to electricity100%2017
TOP