Form of Government: Presidential republic
Area: 1 246 700 sq km
Population: 29 250 009 inhab. (estimate 2018)
Density: 23.46 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 4° - 18° S; long. 12° - 24° E
Capital: Luanda (capital) 2 825 311 inhab. (2014);
Currency: kwanza (100 cêntimos)
Human development index: 0.533 (rank: 150)
President: João Manuel Gonçalves Lourenço (MPLA), in office since 26 September 2017
National Assembly: seats based on the elections of 23 August 2017: People's Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA), 150; National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA), 51; others, 19
Internet: www.ine.gov.ao (Instituto Nacional de Estatística de Angola)
Member of AU, OAS observer, OPEC, SADC, UN, WTO

Angola

Angola, República de Angola
Useful information

International license plate code ANG
International dialling code 00244
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required); malaria prophylaxis (recommended)
Electricity (Voltage) 220
Driving side rigth
Internet code .ao

GMT  +1
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Luanda 25.1
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Luanda 27/21
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Luanda 7/7
Annual average precipitation (mm) Luanda 374
Days of rainfall (annual average) Luanda 31

Geography.
Angola is bordered by the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north and north-east, by Zambia to the south, and by Namibia to the south; the Atlantic Ocean lies off its western coastline which is 1600 km long.
The interior is a vast plateau, the east of which is fringed with mountains (the Serra Môco, 2620 m) which slope steeply down towards the Atlantic Ocean (into which the M’Bridge and Cuanza rivers flow). The central areas are washed by tributaries of the River Congo in the north (by the Cuango and the Cassai rivers) and the River Zambezi in the south-east. The province of Cabinda is an Angolan exclave situated between the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the Republic of Congo. Since the plateau is quite high, about 1200 m on average, the climate is fairly temperate.

Government


Formerly a Portuguese colony and later an overseas province of Portugal (1951), Angola gained independence on 11 November 1975 in the midst of a bitter civil war between the People’s Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA) and the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA, well-disposed towards the West and linked to the discriminatory regime in South Africa).
The MPLA, led by Agostinho Neto, took charge of the government and UNITA began a long period of guerrilla warfare which appeared to end with the Lisbon peace accords (31 May 1991). However, after the MPLA won the elections in 1992, UNITA took up arms again, largely financed by the illegal trade of diamonds. In 2002, after the death of their leader Jonas Savimbi (on 22 February of that year), the UNITA rebels agreed to the cease-fire put forward by the government, in exchange for an amnesty.
Since 2006, an agreement has also been in place with the separatist movement of Cabinda, the Angolan exclave with rich oil reserves. There thus began a period of normalization which resulted in elections in 2008. An armed separatist movement is active in the oil-rich exclave of Cabinda.
According to the 2010 Constitution, the unicameral Parliament consists of 220 elected members with a five-year term; the head of the party that receives the highest number of votes is elected President of the Republic.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Air force5.6%2015
Army93.5%2015
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides9.6per 100 000 pop.2015
TOP

Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Luanda2 825 311inhab.2014
Huambo226 145inhab.2005
TOP

Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2017)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE

According to the UNHCR (the UN refugee agency), the repatriation program for about 500 000 refugees who fled Angola during the civil war has now been concluded.

Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate41.82016
Death rate8.52016
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
black97%2000
mestizo2%2000


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Catholic41%2014
Protestant38%2014


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Bantu
Khoisan
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years48.1%2017
15-29 years25.3%2017


TOP

Economy


Economic situation.
Since 2014, the economy, strongly tied to the export of hydrocarbons, has slowed in growth following a drop in market prices. The government has reduced fuel subsidies to alleviate pressure on public accounts, and has allowed a gradual depreciation of the kwanza, but growth in the sectors not tied to hydrocarbons was weak.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)191.94index2016
Balance of trade13 634M US$2017
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population12 298 762units2017
Active population, Females50.1%2017
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate8.2%2017
Unemployment rate, Females53.1%2017
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses3 939 500M LCU2016
Revenues3 085 900M LCU2016
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture50.6%2017
industry8.6%2017
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture8%2016
industry46%2016
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation527.5BN LCU2017
International reserves17 325.9M US$2017
TOP

Agriculture


Primary sector.
Only a small percentage of the land is cultivated and a large amount of the food requirement must be imported. The main crops are cassava, bananas and oil palm for export. Important fishing ports are Luanda, Sumbe, Porto Amboim, Benguela and Namibe: the fish caught is partly exported (crustaceans).

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land4.16%2015
forests46.41%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total1 636.9951000 t2016
maize1 5001000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava9 981.2451000 t2016
potatoes721.4761000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages346.4231000 t2016
tomatoes16.241000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry367.2551000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
castor oil seed4.0971000 t2016
groundnuts244.411000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruits280.2071000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa0.4231000 t2016
coffee14.1421000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane556.0941000 t2016
tobacco2.91000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton5.5731000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Fiber plants
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
jute0.8321000 t2014
sisal0.5521000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total4 390.8761000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cashew nuts2.0761000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits276.9141000 t2016
citrus fruits, nes276.9141000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas3 858.0661000 t2016
pineapples644.3731000 t2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize1 390.2691000 ha2016
millet187.441000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava919.7791000 ha2016
potatoes122.4651000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages123.1561000 ha2016
tomatoes6.0041000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry841.5871000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
castor oil seed16.0731000 ha2016
groundnuts343.1271000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruit23.2381000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa2.9041000 ha2016
coffee46.9391000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane14.2551000 ha2016
tobacco2.8331000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton2.9111000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Fiber plants
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
jute1.1721000 ha2014
sisal0.5121000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cashew nuts2.851000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits26.951000 ha2016
citrus fruits, nes26.951000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas131.4551000 ha2016
pineapples50.651000 ha2016
TOP

Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber5 803 1312016
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle4 975.3311000 heads2016
cattle and buffaloes4 975.3311000 heads2016
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs3 180.4011000 heads2016
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep1 133.4641000 heads2016
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats4 477.3321000 heads2016
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses4.4621000 heads2016
asses and mules4.4621000 heads2016
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds35 3441000 heads2016
Livestock - Beekeeping
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
honey23.4341000 t2014
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
butter0.5371000 t2014
cheese1.2891000 t2014
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs3 559t2016
freshwater fishes18 716t2016
TOP

Minerals


Secondary and tertiary sector.
The main mining resources are oil (at Cabinda, Benfica, Luanda, Cacuaco, Tobias and Galinda), diamonds (at Dundo and in the provinces of Cuando-Cubango and Malanje) and iron (at Cassinda and Saia). Oil extraction forms approximately 90% of the export value, bound mainly for China. This, with its related activities, is the main source of the country’s GDP. International oil companies from the United States and Europe are involved in joint venture operations and production sharing agreements with Sonangol, the national oil company. Bituminous substances are also extracted (at Libongo and Husso), manganese (at Quicuimbe and Quitota), copper (at Mavoio and Bembe), sea salt (at Lobito), natural gas and phosphates.
Among the basic industrial segments, oil-refining (at Luanda, Cabinda and a new plant under construction at Lobito), steelworks (at Luanda) and cement works (at Luanda, Benguela and Lobito) stand out. The manufacturing industry is centred on sugar refineries (at Cacuso near Malanje), breweries (at Bengo, Cabinda, Dondo, Huambo, Lobito, Luanda and Lubango), tobacco factories (at Luanda and Lobito), oil processing plants (at Luanda and Kuito), and cotton mills (at Dondo and Luanda). An industrial zone has been developed on the outskirts of Luanda thanks to aid from South Africa.

Mineral resources - Energy minerals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
natural gas3 100M m³2017
oil, crude83 079.61000 t2017
Mineral resources - Non-metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
gypsum1901000 t2016
salt401000 t2015
Mineral resources - Rocks
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
granite133.31000 t2014
granite - cu m108.41000 m³2013
Mineral resources - Precious metals and stones
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
diamonds8 1001000 ct2017
diamonds, industrial - ct9021000 ct2015
TOP

Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- hydro5 140M kWh2015
- thermal4 297.68M kWh2015
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- hydro9201000 kW2015
- thermal7701000 kW2015
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation9 437.68M kWh2015
total installed capacity1 7041000 kW2015
TOP

Industry

Industry - Petrochemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bitumen31000 t2014
petrol457.31000 t2014
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley1 1001000 t2014
cottonseed oil0.61000 t2014
Industry - Tobacco
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
tobacco0.7t2003
Industry - Paper and wood products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chemical pulp151000 t2015
chemi-mechanical pulp151000 t2015
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement5 2001000 t2015
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufacturing production9 278.7M US$2014
TOP

Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fuels94.994% of goods exports2015
ores and metals3.316% of goods exports2015
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
201733 129.142M US$ -
201627 306.2M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
201719 495.238M US$ -
201612 538.2M US$ -
TOP

Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures823M US$2016
Number of arrivals397 000units2016
TOP

Communications


The Benguela railway line to Luau was re-activated in 2013 (more than 1500 km long), which could take mining products from Zambia and the Democratic Republic of Congo to the port of Lobito; in 2010-2011 the line (480 km) came back into operation between Luanda and the north-eastern province of Malanje, famous for its diamonds.

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown6 000 000km flown2004
Civil aviation, passengers carried1 581.21000 units2017
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers3.254per 1000 pop.2017
Computers6per 1000 pop.2008
TOP

Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling10.4years2011
Graduates12 614units2016
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level118 158units2011
Teachers, secondary level32 279units2011
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds1.1per 1000 pop.2012
Physicians0.2per 1000 pop.2009
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV1.9% of adults2016
HIV, total2.6%2001
Museums
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Museums8units2012
Museums, visitors66 213units2012
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking48.05%2016
Access to electricity40.520%2016
TOP